May 1921 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Drusian sultan Pasja al-Atrasj elected governor of Suwayda
  • May 2 Start of 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper Silesia
  • May 3 Northern Ireland is created under the UK Government of Ireland Act partitioning off six north eastern counties with a Protestant majority
  • May 3 West Virginia imposes 1st state sales tax
  • May 5 1st ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired
  • May 5 Miniature newspaper published (Brighton Gazette 10 x 13 cm)

Event of Interest

May 5 Perfume Chanel No. 5 released by fashion designer Coco Chanel

  • May 8 Sweden abolishes capital punishment
  • May 10 Luigi Pirandello's "Sei Personaggi in Cerca d'Autore" premieres
  • May 11 Tel Aviv is 1st all Jewish municipality
  • May 11 The Allied Supreme Council warns Germany to pay reparations or the entire Ruhr Valley will be occupied; Germany agrees
  • May 12 National Hospital Day 1st observed in the United States
  • May 14 Florence Allen is 1st woman judge to sentence a man to death in Ohio

Election of Interest

May 14 Mussolini's fascists obtain 29 parliamentary seats in Italian elections

  • May 15 British Legion formed to care for ex-servicemen
  • May 17 Belgian and Luxembourg sign customs union

Event of Interest

May 17 US President Warren G. Harding opens (via telephone) 1st Valencia Orange Show

  • May 19 Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system
  • May 21 Oldest radio station west of Mississippi River licensed in Greeley Co.
  • May 24 1st parliament for Northern Ireland elected
  • May 24 Bulhoek Massacre: police commissioner Colonel Theodore Truter leads 6 squadrons and artillery detachment against Israelite religious sect collected at annual gathering on land of leader Enoch Mgijima at Ntabalanga; 190 killed
  • May 30 Lord Dunsany's "If" premieres in London
  • May 30 Memorial to Capt. Eddie Grant, killed in WW I, unveiled at Polo Grounds, NYC
  • May 30 Salzburg, Austria, votes to join Germany
  • May 31 A large-scale race riot breaks out in Tulsa, Oklahoma, later described as the worst incident of racial violence in American history; around 150-300 African Americans killed [1] [2]

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Paul Daels, president (Flemish Iron Pilgrimage committee)
  • May 2 Satyajit Ray, Indian director (Goddess, Adversary), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1992)
  • May 3 Vasco Gonçalves, Portuguese army officer and 103rd Prime Minister of Portugal (1974-75), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 2005)
  • May 4 Edo Murtić, Croatian painter, born in Velika Pisanica, Bjelovar, Croatia (d. 2005)

Arthur Leonard SchawlowArthur Leonard Schawlow (1921-1999)

May 5 American physicist who shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics for his pioneering work with lasers, born in Mount Vernon, New York

  • May 6 Erich Fried, Austrian-British writer, born in Vienna (d. 1988)
  • May 6 Robert Fell, British CEO (British Stock Exchange)
  • May 8 Graham Leonard, Bishop of London, most senior Anglican to convert to Catholicism since the reformation (d. 2010)
  • May 9 Daniel Berrigan, American Jesuit priest and peace activist (Vietnam War), born in Virginia, Minnesota (d. 2016)
  • May 9 Mona Van Duyn, American poet (d. 2004)
  • May 9 Sophie Scholl, German anti-Nazi political activist, active in the non-violent resistance group, the White Rose (Die Weisse Rose), born in Forchtenberg, Germany (d. 1943)
  • May 11 Hildegard Hamm-Brücher, German politician, born in Essen, Germany (d. 2016)
  • May 11 Ian Percival, British politician (C) and Solicitor General (d. 1998)
  • May 12 Farley Mowat, Canadian writer and naturalist, born in Belleville, Ontario, (d. 2014)
  • May 12 Giovanni Benelli, Italian archbishop (Florence) and Papal candidate
  • May 12 Henry Mackie, designer of the Belfast Calorimeter
  • May 12 Joseph Beuys, German avant-garde painter (Fluxus, movement), born in Krefeld, Germany (d. 1986)
  • May 13 Syd[ney G] Vincent, British mine workers leader
  • May 16 Robert Croften Brown, politician
  • May 17 John Garlick, British senior civil servant
  • May 18 Anthony Epstein, English pathologist and virologist (Epstein–Barr virus)
  • May 19 Karel van het Reve, Dutch writer, translator, and Russian literature historian (Comrade's Religion), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1999)
  • May 19 William H. Stewart, 10th US Surgeon General (1965-69), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2008)
  • May 20 John Harrison, British vice admiral/surgeon
  • May 20 John Marchi, US Senator (Rep-R-NY 1957-2006), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 2009)
  • May 20 Wolfgang Borchert, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1947)

Andrei SakharovAndrei Sakharov (1921-1989)

May 21 Russian nuclear physicist and an activist for disarmament, peace and human rights (Nobel 1975), born in Moscow, Russia

  • May 23 Sanderson Temple, circuit judge
  • May 25 Jack Steinberger, American physicist (1988 Nobel Prize for Physics - Neutrinos), born in Bad Kissingen, Germany (d. 2020) [1]
  • May 27 Caryl Chessman, kidnapper who got death penalty (1960)
  • May 28 Heinz G. Konsalik, German author (d. 1999)
  • May 28 Tom Uren, Australian politician, Australian heritage and conservation campaigner, born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2015)
  • May 29 George Terry, British chief constable (Sussex, England) (d. 1995)
  • May 31 Andrew Grima, Italian-born British jeweller known for his modern designs, born in Rome, Italy (d. 2007)
  • May 31 Robert Arthur Ley, English sci-fi author (Telepath, Power of X) (d. 1968)

Deaths in History

  • May 5 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), dies at 56
  • May 5 William Friese-Greene, British photographer and inventor (motion pictures), dies at 65
  • May 12 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), dies at 68
  • May 13 Jean Aicard, French poet and novelist (Jeune Croyances), dies at 73
  • May 19 Edward Douglass White, American politician and jurist (9th Chief Justice of the United States), dies at 75
  • May 28 Geo Mestdagh, Belgian aviation pioneer, dies
  • May 29 Horace Porter, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 84