On This Day

January 1922 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road
  • Jan 1 Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion.
  • Jan 3 1st living person identified on a US coin (Thomas E Kirby) on the Alabama Centennial half-dollar
  • Jan 6 -13] Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments

IrelandAnglo-Irish Treaty

Jan 7 The Anglo-Irish Treaty is ratified by Dail Eireann by a 64-57 vote
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Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
  • Jan 9 KQV-AM in Pittsburgh PA begins radio transmissions
  • Jan 9 Rotterdam metalworkers strike ends
  • Jan 11 Insulin first used on humans to treat diabetes, on Leonard Thompson, 14, of Canada
  • Jan 13 Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
  • Jan 13 Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
  • Jan 13 WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 15 Arthur Griffith is elected president of the Irish Free State after Eamon de Valera resigns in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty (De Valera will lead a military opposition seeking a unified and independent Ireland)

President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera
  • Jan 18 Irish author Liam O'Flaherty & others occupy Rotunda in Dublin
  • Jan 19 Geological survey says US oil supply would be depleted in 20 years
  • Jan 20 Arthur Honegger's ballet "Skating Rink" premieres, Paris
  • Jan 21 1st slalom ski race run at Murren, Switzerland
  • Jan 24 -54°F (-48°C), Danbury, Wisconsin (state record)
  • Jan 24 Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo)
  • Jan 24 Lehman Caves National Monument established
  • Jan 28 Knickerbocker Storm, Washington, D.C.'s biggest snowfall, causes the city's greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses, killing 98 patrons
  • Jan 29 Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador dissolved
  • Jan 30 Ted McDonald takes 8-58 in big Victorian win over NSW
  • Jan 30 World Law Day 1st celebrated

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Ernest "Fritz" Hollings, American Democratic Senator from South Carolina (1966-2005), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • Jan 3 Morten Nielsen, Danish poet/resistance fighter
  • Jan 5 Admiral Sir Anthony Synnot, Chief of the Australian Defence Force, born in Corowa, Australia (d. 2001)
  • Jan 7 Jean-Pierre [Louis] Rampal, Marseilles France, flautist
  • Jan 9 Har Gobind Khorana, Indian-American biochemist (Nobel 1968), born in Raipur, Punjab, British India (d. 2011)
  • Jan 9 Ahmed Sékou Touré, President of Guinea, born in Faranah, Guinea (d. 1984)
  • Jan 11 Neville Duke, English test pilot
  • Jan 11 Ernle Bradford, English historian and writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 12 Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist and art historian, born in Bratkowice, Poland (d. 1994)
  • Jan 15 Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician, born in Murwillumbah, Australia (d. 1999)
  • Jan 17 Luis Echeverria Alvarez, president Mexico
  • Jan 17 Nicholas Katzenbach, lawyer (US Attorney General), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jan 18 Bob Bell, American clown (d. 1997)
  • Jan 19 Ken Hughes, director (Casino Royale), born in Liverpool, England
  • Jan 20 James Hanson, English industrialist, born in Huddersfield, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • Jan 21 Jean P Vroom, Dutch sculptor
  • Jan 22 Howard Moss, poet/editor (New Yorker)
  • Jan 24 Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist (d. 2005)
  • Jan 25 Jules de Palm, Antilles writer, born in Curaçao (d. 2013)
  • Jan 27 Wilfrid Bourne, QC/Clerk of the Crown in Chancery
  • Jan 28 Robert W Holley, American biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel '68)
  • Jan 29 Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)
  • Jan 31 Michael Wilford, diplomat

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Eliza Ann Gardner, African-American abolitionist and religious leader, dies at 90

Person of interestErnest Shackleton

Jan 5 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), dies of a heart attack at 47

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Jan 6 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), dies at 79
  • Jan 7 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, dies at 50
  • Jan 8 Charles R Young, colonel, dies at 58, in Lagos Nigeria
  • Jan 10 Frank Tudor, Australian Labor Opposition leader (b. 1866)
  • Jan 15 John Kirk Barry, Dr/explorer David Livingstone's companion, dies at 89
  • Jan 22 Benedict XV [Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa], Italian pope (1914-22), dies at 67
  • Jan 22 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), dies at 84
  • Jan 27 Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (I Mala Voglia), dies at 81
  • Jan 27 Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (Ten Days in a Mad House), dies at 57