On This Day

1922 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 262

  • Apr 16 Treaty of Rapallo between the German Republic and Soviet Union a is signed in Italy, normalizing diplomatic relations with each side renouncing their territorial and financial claims against the other
  • Apr 21 The first Aggie Muster is held as a remembrance for fellow Aggies who had died in the previous year
  • Apr 22 South Ossetian Autonomous Region forms in Georgian SSR
  • Apr 27 Fritz Lang's "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
  • Apr 27 Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
  • Apr 28 WOI (Ames, Iowa) country's 1st licensed educational radio station
  • May 1 Charlie Robertson of Chicago pitches a perfect no-hit, no-run game
  • May 2 WBAP-AM begins broadcasting from Fort Worth, Texas
  • May 3 Salt layer find at Winterswijk
  • May 4 KNX-AM in Los Angeles CA begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 The International Astronomical Union formally adopt Annie Jump Cannon's stellar classification system, which with only minor changes, is still used today

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon
  • May 10 Dr Ivy Williams is 1st woman to be called to the English Bar
  • May 10 WHB-AM in Kansas City MO begins radio transmissions
  • May 10 The United States annexes the Kingman Reef in n the North Pacific Ocean
  • May 15 Germany turns over the Upper Silesia region to Poland under Allied pressure and despite a plebiscite in favor of merging with Germany
  • May 16 White Star Liner Majestic completes 5½ day maiden voyage

  • May 18 Dutch 2nd Chamber agrees to 48 hour work week (was 45 hrs)
  • May 20 "Egypt" sinks off Ushant after colliding with "Seine" killing 90

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill for his play "Anna Christie"

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • May 24 Record temperature in Netherlands for May (35.6°C)
  • May 24 Russian-Italian trade agreement signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 26 Vladimir Lenin suffers a stroke

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • May 29 Ecuador becomes independent
  • May 30 Latvia & Vatican sign accord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 Completed Lincoln Memorial dedicated by US Chief Justice William H. Taft in front of 50,000

Architect Henry Bacon
Architect
Henry Bacon
  • Jun 1 Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Over 50,000 Fascists gather for a meeting in Bologna where Mussolini warns that he will lead a full-scale revolt against a government favoring 'anti-Fascist reaction'

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jun 2 Suffy McInnis (1st base) ends an errorless string of 1,700 chances
  • Jun 5 The Banker's committee of the Reparations Commission refuses an international loan to Germany
  • Jun 9 First ringing of the Harkness Memorial Chime at Yale University
  • Jun 12 German Reich president Friedrich Ebert visits Munich
  • Jun 13 Longest recorded attack of hiccups begins: Charlie Osborne gets the hiccups and continues for 68 years, dies 11 months after it stops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 US President Warren G. Harding is 1st US President to use radio, dedicates the Francis Scott Key memorial in Baltimore

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Jun 16 Henry Berliner demonstrates his helicopter to US Bureau of Aeronautics
  • Jun 16 Irish republicans are beaten in a national election; the vote is in favor of the Treaty of London, which leaves the Irish Free State as a dominion within the British Commonwealth
  • Jun 22 Herrin massacre, 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners are killed in Herrin, Illinois.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24 Adolf Hitler begins a month long prison sentence for paramilitary operations; he rails against the 'Jewish sell-out' of Germany to the Bolsheviks

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 26 The emergency decrees under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution are invoked by the government to deal with deteriorating economic conditions
  • Jun 27 Newberry Medal 1st presented for kids literature (Hendrik Van Loon)
  • Jun 28 The Irish Civil War starts when Irish Free State forces attack anti-treaty republicans in Dublin
  • Jun 29 France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge "freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes."

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 3 Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates for Russian Refugees, convened by Fridtjof Nansen in Geneva, creates the Nansen passports (for stateless persons)

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • Jul 5 1st general election in Netherlands
  • Jul 5 Uprising of social righteousness in Rio de Janeiro
  • Jul 5 Women 1st vote in Dutch elections, Christian parties win
  • Jul 6 Dutch auto/airplane manufacturer Trompenburg declares bankruptcy
  • Jul 15 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at Bronx Zoological Park, New York City
  • Jul 17 Curacao harbor workers begin strike under Felix Chacuto
  • Jul 20 French and British Togoland make separate mandates within the League of Nations
  • Jul 22 Cards enter 1st place, marks 1st time both St Louis teams are on top
  • Jul 27 International Geographical Union forms in Brussels
  • Jul 29 Greek troops defeat Turkish forces and are on their way to Constantinople, but the Allies forbid them taking the city
  • Jul 31 18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world's 1st water skis (Minnesota)
  • Jul 31 General strike in Italy against fascist violence
  • Aug 1 Hendrikus Colijn becomes political editor-in-chief of The Standard
  • Aug 1 In Italy, the socialist 'Alianza del Lavoro' declare a national strike which collapses immediately and fascist forces destroy union and socialist headquarters
  • Aug 2 China is hit by a typhoon; about 60,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 Dedication of Frederick Douglass' home in Washington, D.C. as national shrine

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Aug 16 AT&T radio station WBAY becomes WEAF (NYC)
  • Aug 26 Japanese cruiser Niitaka driven onto rocks in storm at Kamchatka, 284 killed
  • Aug 28 WEAF in NYC airs 1st radio commercial (Queensboro Realty-$100 for 10 mins)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 William Walmsley and William Lyons officially found the Swallow Sidecar Company (later Jaguar Cars) in Blackpool, England

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • Sep 7 In Aydin, Turkey, independence of Aydin, from Greek occupation.
  • Sep 9 St Louis Brown "Baby Doll" Jacobson hits 3 triples beating Tigers 16-0
  • Sep 9 Turkish troops conquer Smyrna/murder Greek citizens
  • Sep 9 William T Cosgrave replaces Irish premier Collins
  • Sep 11 British mandate of Palestine begins
  • Sep 11 The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
  • Sep 11 One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia's predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
  • Sep 13 World record temperature of 136.4°F (58°C) in El Aziziyah, Libya, in the shade (invalidated 2012 by the World Meteorological Organization)
  • Sep 13 The Straw Hat Riot begins in New York City as people protest the right to wear straw hats beyond the accepted end date of September 15
  • Sep 16 Turkish troops chase Greeks out of Asia
  • Sep 17 Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)
  • Sep 18 2nd government of Ruys de Beerenbrouck installed in Netherlands
  • Sep 18 Browns George Sisler's 41-game hit streak is stopped by NY's Joe Bush
  • Sep 18 Hungary admitted to League of Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 19 Queen Wilhelmina assumes Dutch throne with 119 word speech

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Sep 21 US President Warren G. Harding signs a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine
  • Sep 22 US Congress passes the Cable Act, under which an American women who marries an 'alien' will not lose citizenship; neither will a women marrying an American automatically become a citizen
  • Sep 23 Berthold Brecht's "Drum in the Night" premieres in Germany
  • Sep 23 Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
  • Sep 24 Nuremberg fusion congress USDP-SPD; picks Karl Kautsky
  • Sep 25 Giants beat St Louis, to clinch John McGraw's 8th pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 27 King Constantine I of Greece abdicates

King of Greece Constantine I
King of Greece
Constantine I
  • Sep 29 Benito Mussolini ask Vatican for support of fascist party program
  • Sep 30 Government of Alexandros Zaimis forms in Greece
  • Oct 3 1st facsimile photo sent over city telephone lines, Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 3 Rebecca Felton of Georgia becomes 1st woman in Senate
  • Oct 4 Protocol of Genevia signed: Austria gains independence
  • Oct 6 The great powers of the first world war withdraw from Istanbul
  • Oct 7 Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
  • Oct 11 First woman FBI "special investigator", Alaska Davidson, appointed
  • Oct 11 Turkey & Greece sign cease fire
  • Oct 14 1st Thom McAn shoe store opens on Third Avenue NYC
  • Oct 14 1st automated telephones-Pennsylvania exchange in NYC
  • Oct 17 Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
  • Oct 20 Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place
  • Oct 23 Channing Pollock's "Fool" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 23 Conservative Andrew Bonar Law forms government in United Kingdom, replacing David Lloyd George's Liberal government

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Oct 24 German parliament mandates Ebert president until July 1925

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 279

  • May 7 Joe O'Donnell, American documentary photographer and photojournalist, born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • May 8 Brian Kellett, CEO (Port of London Authority)
  • May 10 David Orr, deputy chairman (Inchcape)/CEO (British Council, Unilever)
  • May 11 Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
  • May 12 Barend Busnac, office clerk/resistance fighter
  • May 12 Marco Denevi, Argentine writer (d. 1998)
  • May 14 Agha Hasan Abedi, banker

Person of interestFranjo Tuđman

May 14 Franjo Tuđman, Croatian politician and President of Croatia (1990-1999), born in Veliko Trgovišće, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (d. 1999)

President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman
President of Croatia
Franjo Tuđman
  • May 15 Enrico Berlinguer, Italian communist/Secretary-General (CPI) [or May 25]
  • May 15 Jakucho Setouchi, Japanese writer and Buddhist nun
  • May 15 Selma Engel [Saartje Wijnberg], Dutch born Jew, the first to tell of Nazi Sobibor extermination camp, born in Groningen, the Netherlands (d. 2018)
  • May 16 Colin Cole, Principal King of Arms
  • May 16 Russell Wood, treasurer (Queen Elizabeth)
  • May 18 GMcC Kitson, British principal (Central School of Speech/Drama)
  • May 18 Gerda Boyesen, Norwegian-born body psychotherapist (d. 2005)
  • May 20 Clifford Butler, vice chancellor (Loughborough Univ of Technology)
  • May 27 Sidney AK Keyes, English poet (Iron Laurel)
  • May 28 John Alderson, chief constable (Devon & Cornwall UK)
  • May 28 Barney Rosset, publisher and free speech advocate (publisher of Tropic for Cancer), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • May 30 Hal Clement [Harry Clement Stubbs], US sci-fi author (Needle, Iceworld), born in Somerville, Massachusetts
  • May 31 Elisabeth, arch duchess of Austria/princess of Liechtenstein
  • Jun 1 Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
  • Jun 3 Alain Resnais, French director (Muriel, Hiroshima mon amour), born in Brittany, France (d. 2014)
  • Jun 4 John West, vice chancellor (Bradford University)
  • Jun 4 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr., American naval officer, First African American fleet commander, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2004)
  • Jun 9 George Axelrod, American playwright (Breakfast at Tiffany, Bus Stop), born in New York City (d. 2003)
  • Jun 9 Peter Beazley, British politician (C) (European Parliament), born in Chale, Isle of Wight (d. 2004)
  • Jun 9 John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (d. 1941)
  • Jun 10 Rose Mofford, American politician, 1st female Governor of Arizona (1988-1991), born in Globe, Arizona (d. 2016)
  • Jun 11 Erving Goffman, American sociologist (presentation of self in everyday life), born in Mannville, Alberta, Canada (d. 1982)
  • Jun 14 Kevin Roche, Irish architect (Pritzker Prize winner, 1982), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2019)
  • Jun 15 [Morris] Mo Udall, American politician (Rep-D-AZ, 1961-91), born in St Johns, Arizona (d. 1998)
  • Jun 18 Donald L Keene, American Japanese translator/critic, born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 22 Bill Blass, American fashion designer (dressed Nancy Reagan), born in Fort Wayne, Indiana (d. 2002)
  • Jun 24 Aadje [Alida WM] Lyre, Dutch twin daughter of Prince Hendrik(?)
  • Jun 24 Rietje [Maria SC] Lyre, Dutch twin daughter of Prince Hendrik(?)
  • Jun 26 Alan T. Peacock, British economist, born in Ryton, England (d. 2014)
  • Jun 26 Campbell Adamson, British industrialist and CEO (Abbey National Pictures), born in Perth, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • Jun 27 Herbert Ziergiebel, German writer, born in Nordhorn, Germany (d. 1988)
  • Jun 28 Terje Stigen, Norwegian author (Det siste paradiset), born in Magerøya, Finnmark, Norway (d. 2010)
  • Jun 29 Vasko Popa, Yugoslavia-Serbian poet (Heaven is a Side Issue), born in Grebenac, Vojvodina, Yugoslavia (d. 1991)
  • Jul 2 Pierre Cardin, Italian-French fashion designer, born in San Biagio di Callalta, Italy
  • Jul 3 Corneille [Cornelis G of Beverloo], Dutch painter (Africa, Antilles), born in Liege, Belgium (d. 2010)
  • Jul 3 François Reichenbach, French director (La douceur du Village), born in Paris (d. 1993)
  • Jul 3 Tom Hudson, British artist and teacher, born in Horden, County Durham, England (d. 1997)
  • Jul 9 Hassan II [Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf], King of Morocco (1961-99), born in Rabat, Morocco (d. 1999)
  • Jul 12 Clark MacGregor, American Republican politician (involved in Watergate), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2003)
  • Jul 12 Mark Hatfield, American politician (29th Governor of Oregon), born in Dallas, Oregon (d. 2011)
  • Jul 13 Anker Jørgensen, Danish politician, Prime Minister of Denmark (1972-3, 75-82), born in Copenhagen (d. 2016)
  • Jul 14 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • Jul 14 Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard
  • Jul 15 Jef Houthuys, chairman Belgian labor union (ACV 1968-87)
  • Jul 15 Jeffrey Benson, CEO (600 group)
  • Jul 15 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia, journalist/dissident
  • Jul 15 Leon M. Lederman, American experimental physicist (1982 Nobel Prize for research on quarks and leptons) and author (The God Particle), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jul 17 Donald Alfred Davie, poet/critic
  • Jul 18 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (paradigm shift), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • Jul 19 George McGovern, American politician and Presidential candidate (D-1972), born in Avon, South Dakota (d. 2012)
  • Jul 19 Rachel Robinson, American social activist and humanitarian (The Jackie Robinson Foundation), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 19 Harold Camping, American evangelist and founder of Family Radio, born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 2013)
  • Jul 20 Alan Stephenson Boyd, American politician
  • Jul 21 Kay Starr [Katherine Starks], American singer (Wheel of Fortune), born in Dougherty Oklahoma (d. 2016)
  • Jul 23 Moses Rosen, Chief Rabbi of Romania (1948-94), born in Moineşti, Bacău, Romania (d. 1994)
  • Jul 24 Charles Mathias Jr., American Republican politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Frederick, Maryland (d. 2010)
  • Jul 24 Madeleine Ferron, French Canadian writer, born in Louiseville, Quebec (d. 2010)
  • Jul 25 John B. Goodenough, American scientist (lithium-ion battery), 2019 Novel Prize for Chemistry, born in Jena, Germany
  • Jul 26 Frank Price, CEO (British Waterways Board), born in Birmingham (d. 2017)
  • Jul 28 Jacques Piccard, Swiss undersea explorer (bathyscaph Trieste)
  • Jul 30 Henry W. Bloch, American businessman (co-founder of H&R Block) and philanthropist, born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Jul 31 Lucy Killea, American Californian politician who supported pro-choice, born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 2017)
  • Aug 1 Frank Hauser, British theatrical director (Oxford Playhouse), born in Cardiff (d. 2007)
  • Aug 2 Lord Murray of Epping Forest [Lionel], British labour politician and union leader (General Secretary TUC), born in Hadley, Telford (d. 1984)
  • Aug 2 Paul Laxalt, American politician (22nd Governor of Nevada), born in Reno, Nevada
  • Aug 3 Robert Sumner, American evangelist and author, born in Norwich, New York (d. 2016)
  • Aug 4 Charley Harper, American modernist artist, born in Frenchton, West Virginia (d. 2007)
  • Aug 5 L. Tom Perry, American religious leader (LDS apostle), born in Logan, Utah (d. 2015)
  • Aug 6 Freddie Laker, CEO (Laker airlines)
  • Aug 8 Michael Parkin, journalist
  • Aug 8 Rudi Gernreich, designer (1st women's topless swimsuit, miniskirt)
  • Aug 8 Gertrude Himmelfarb, American historian
  • Aug 9 Philip Larkin, English poet and writer (North Ship, Jill), born in Radford, Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1985)
  • Aug 12 Andre Kloos, Dutch trade union leader (NVV/VARA)
  • Aug 12 Lord Colinbrook, British government minister
  • Aug 16 Louis Lomax, African-American author and journalist, born in Valdosta, Georgia (d. 1970)
  • Aug 17 Paul Wiens, German writer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1982)
  • Aug 18 Alain Robbe-Grillet, French novelist (Voyeur)
  • Aug 18 Eric William Hunter Christie, barrister
  • Aug 19 Douglas MacKenzie Davey, psychometrist
  • Aug 20 Tetsuzo Akutsu, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart, born in Japan (d. 2007)
  • Aug 23 Brian Young, Chairman (Christian Aid), born in Sri Lanka (d. 2016)
  • Aug 23 Jack Boddy, British trade union leader, born in Norwich (d. 2004)
  • Aug 24 René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec, born in Campbellton, Canada (d. 1987)

Person of interestHoward Zinn

Aug 24 Howard Zinn, American historian and activist (A People's History of the United States), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2010)

Historian and Activist Howard Zinn
Historian and Activist
Howard Zinn
  • Aug 29 Emile Habibi, Palestinian Israeli writer (The Secret Life of Saeed the Pessoptimist), born in Haifa (d. 1996)
  • Aug 29 Mr. Blackwell, American fashion critic, born in Brooklyn Heights, New York (d. 2008)
  • Aug 30 Lionel Murphy, Australian politician, born in Kensington, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1986)
  • Sep 1 Melvin Laird, politician (Rep-R-Mich), US Secretary of Defense (1969-73), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2016)
  • Sep 2 Arthur Ashkin, American scientist (Nobel Prize for Physics 2018 Optical Tweezers), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Sep 4 Per Olof Sundman, Swedish writer and politician, born in Vaxholm, Sweden (d. 1992)
  • Sep 7 Lucien Jarraud, Canadian radio host, born in Paris (d. 2007)

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History