On This Day

July 1923 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
  • Jul 3 Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London
  • Jul 6 Rail crash on New Zealand's main trunk line; 17 killed and 28 injured
  • Jul 6 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • Jul 7 University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Warren G. Harding becomes 1st sitting US President to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Jul 8 Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
  • Jul 10 2-pound hailstones kill 23 and many cattle in Rostov, Russia
  • Jul 10 All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
  • Jul 13 American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia
  • Jul 15 Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • Jul 17 Carl Mays gives up 13 runs and 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
  • Jul 18 British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • Jul 19 WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • Jul 20 Yanks hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2
  • Jul 24 Allied Powers and Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne
  • Jul 25 German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 29 KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany
  • Jul 30 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
  • Jul 31 Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 2 Wislawa Szymborska, Prowent, Polish poet referred to as the 'Mozart of Poetry' (Nobel 1996), (d. 2012)
  • Jul 3 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2000)
  • Jul 3 Bankole Timothy, Sierra Leonean journalist, born in Sierra Leone (d. 1994)
  • Jul 3 William Mills, painter (d. 1997)
  • Jul 4 Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1982-84), born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 2013)
  • Jul 5 Arno Motulsky, German-born founder of medical genetics, known as the "father of pharmacogenomics," born in Fischhausen, East Prussia, Weimar Germany (d. 2018)
  • Jul 6 Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general and 1st President of Poland (1989-90), born in Kurów, Poland (d. 2014)
  • Jul 7 Richard Lumley, English insurance magnate/multi-millionaire
  • Jul 10 Earl Hamner Jr., American creator and narrator of TV show "The Waltons", born in Schuyler, Virginia (d. 2016)
  • Jul 10 Jean Kerr, Irish-American novelist (Please Don't Eat the Daisies), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • Jul 10 G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (RamalKhuna), born in Examba, Karnataka (d. 1987)
  • Jul 10 John Bradley, United States Navy corpsman, one of six who raised flag on top of Mt. Suribachi (see Iwo Jima), born in Antigo, Wisconsin (d. 1994)
  • Jul 12 James E. Gunn, American sci-fi author (The Listeners, Station in Space, Immortal), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Jul 14 Frances Lear, Larchmont NY, Woman's magazine publisher (Lears)
  • Jul 16 Reg Prentice, British government minister, born in Croydon, Surrey (d. 2001)
  • Jul 16 Chris Argyris, American business theorist and educator, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • Jul 17 John Cooper, English race car designer (d. 2000)
  • Jul 18 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1997)
  • Jul 19 William A. Rusher, American lawyer and columnist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • Jul 20 Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
  • Jul 22 Bob [Robert] Dole, American politician (Senate Republican leader, 1985-96, Presidential candidate in 1996), born in Russell, Kansas
  • Jul 23 Cyril M. Kornbluth, American sci-fi writer (Space Merchants), born in NYC, New York (d. 1958)
  • Jul 25 Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (Josephine), born in Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • Jul 26 Peter Carey, British civil servant and permanent secretary (DTI), born in Portsmouth (d. 2011)
  • Jul 26 Jan Berenstain [Janice Marian Grant], American author (The Berenstain Bears), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jul 27 Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate, born in Gimje, Jeollabuk-do, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)
  • Jul 28 Kent L Lee, US vice-admiral (WW II-Marianas/Palau)
  • Jul 28 Mary Jane Odell, Iowa, secretary of state
  • Jul 28 Michio Watanabe, politician
  • Jul 30 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), born in Belitung Island, Dutch East Indies (d. 1965)
  • Jul 30 John Richard Brinsley Norton, 7th Lord Grantley, Baron of Markenfield, landowner, born in Toscana, Italy (d. 1995)
  • Jul 31 Ahmet Ertegun, Turkish-American businessman and co-founder of Atlantic Records, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2006)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 4 Florimond Fonteyne, Flemish priest/politician (Volkseeuw), dies at 67
  • Jul 9 William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, dies at 74
  • Jul 16 Louis Couperus, Dutch poet and writer (Books of Small Soles), dies at 60
  • Jul 20 Pancho Villa [José Doroteo Arango Arámbula], Mexican revolutionary general and guerrilla leader, , murdered at 55