On This Day

November 1923 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
  • Nov 2 Bloody street fights in Aachen led to establishment of the ill-fated Rhenish Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 2 Gustav Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down

German Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
German Chancellor
Gustav Stresemann
  • Nov 6 USSR adopts experimental calendar, with 5-day "weeks"

BattleCoup d'état

Nov 8 Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party stage "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • Nov 9 Beer Hall Putsch's second day in Munich; Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die and Adolf Hitler flees
  • Nov 10 German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • Nov 11 Eternal flame lit for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • Nov 12 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power during "Beer Hall Putsch" coup
  • Nov 12 Dr Hjalmar Schacht is appointed special commissioner to deal with the currency problem in Germany; by November 1924 the currency will have been restored
  • Nov 14 Kentaro Suzuki completes his ascent of Mount Iizuna.
  • Nov 19 The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures
  • Nov 20 Garrett Morgan patents his traffic signal design, an important development in automobile safety
  • Nov 20 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • Nov 23 German army commander General Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD
  • Nov 23 Germany's Gustav Stresemann's government falls to the SPD
  • Nov 24 Radio Belgium's 1st transmission
  • Nov 29 The Dawes Commission, chaired by the American Banker Charles G. Dawes, is set up to look into the German economic situation and make recommendations that the US can accept
  • Nov 30 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 1 Edward A de Jongh, Antillian author (The Arch)
  • Nov 1 Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian-American sci-fi author (Genetic General), born in Edmonton, Alberta (d. 2001)
  • Nov 3 Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1990)
  • Nov 4 Freddy Heineken, Dutch beer brewer (Heineken), born in Amsterdam (d. 2002)
  • Nov 8 Dmitry Jazov, Russian Minister of Defense (1991 coup), born in Omsk Oblast, Soviet Union

Person of interestJack Kilby

Nov 8 Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer (Nobel 2010 - handheld calculator, integrated circuit), born in Jefferson City, Missouri (d. 2005)

Engineer and Computer Scientist Jack Kilby
Engineer and Computer Scientist
Jack Kilby
  • Nov 13 Arthur Hiller, Canadian director (Love Story), born in Edmonton, Alberta (d. 2016)
  • Nov 17 Robert Francis Vere Heuston, British professor of law
  • Nov 18 Ted Stevens, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alaska, 1968-2009), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2010)
  • Nov 18 Alan Shepard, American astronaut and 1st American in space, born in Derry, New Hampshire (d. 1998)
  • Nov 20 Beryl Sprinkel, American economist (Council of Economic Advisers), born in Richmond, Missouri (d. 2009)
  • Nov 20 Nadine Gordimer, South African author (July's people, Nobel 1991), born in Springs, Transvaal, (d. 2014)
  • Nov 23 Angelo John Novarese, record company founder
  • Nov 23 Guy [Gaetano] Molinari, American politician (R-House of Representatives from New York, 1981-1983), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Nov 23 Daniel Brewster, American democrat (d. 2007)
  • Nov 25 Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland (1982-94), born in Turku (d. 2017)
  • Nov 27 Robert A. Young, American politician (Rep-D-MO, 1977-87), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2007)
  • Nov 28 Helen Delich Bentley, American politician (Rep-R-MD, 1985-95), born in Ruth, Nevada (d. 2016)
  • Nov 28 Phyllis Jenkins, literary & theatrical agent community activist

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 19 Architect Frank Lloyd Wright (56) weds artist Maude Noel

Deaths in History

  • Nov 5 Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French novelist (b. 1880)
  • Nov 19 Frans Netscher, Dutch author and journalist (In 3rd Chamber), dies at 59
  • Nov 23 Urmuz, Romanian writer (b. 1883)
  • Nov 24 Michel de Klerk, architect (Amsterdam School), dies at 39
  • Nov 25 Ernst Debes, German cartographer (Moon Atlas), dies at 83
  • Nov 26 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-French-Italian writer, dies at 60