On This Day

1923 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 224

  • May 31 The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Gangster Albert Anastasia is convicted of illegal possession of a firearm and sentenced to two years in prison

  • Jun 9 Brinks unveils 1st armored security vans
  • Jun 9 Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski & King Boris III overthrown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC

Magician and Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician and Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Jun 15 Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post and railroad strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Sun Yat Sen founds Chinese military academy

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Jun 19 Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24 Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI

Plane1st Aerial Refueling

Jun 27 Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane

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Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter (bottom aircraft) performing the first aerial refueling over the skies of Rockwell Field in California, June 27, 1923.
Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter (bottom aircraft) performing the first aerial refueling over the skies of Rockwell Field in California, June 27, 1923.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 28 Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Jul 1 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
  • Jul 3 Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London
  • Jul 6 Rail crash on New Zealand's main trunk line; 17 killed and 28 injured
  • Jul 6 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

  • Jul 7 University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Warren G. Harding becomes 1st sitting US President to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Jul 8 Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
  • Jul 10 2-pound hailstones kill 23 and many cattle in Rostov, Russia
  • Jul 10 All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
  • Jul 13 American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia
  • Jul 15 Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • Jul 17 Carl Mays gives up 13 runs and 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
  • Jul 18 British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • Jul 19 WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • Jul 24 Allied Powers and Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne
  • Jul 25 German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 29 KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany
  • Jul 30 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
  • Jul 31 Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3 Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US President upon death of President Warren G. Harding

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • Aug 6 Henry Sullivan becomes 3rd person and first American to swim English Channel (27 hours 25 minutes Dover-Calais)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany

German Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
German Chancellor
Gustav Stresemann
  • Aug 11 Dutch Premier de Geer resigns

  • Aug 12 Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
  • Aug 12 Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • Aug 13 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Aug 13 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Aug 13 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera
  • Aug 15 Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917
  • Aug 20 London dock strike ends
  • Aug 23 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • Aug 31 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
  • Aug 31 Italian troops occupy Corfu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Sep 1 A magnitude 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo and Yokohama in Japan, killing 142,000 people
  • Sep 3 Dorothys Donelly's "Poppy" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 4 A Charlot & N Coward's revue "London Calling" premieres in London
  • Sep 4 Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah.
  • Sep 6 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates her silver jubilee
  • Sep 7 Interpol forms in Vienna
  • Sep 8 Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.
  • Sep 9 Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
  • Sep 10 Irish Free state joins League of Nations
  • Sep 11 ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
  • Sep 12 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • Sep 13 With Spain's king Alfonso XIII assist, army coup under de Rivera
  • Sep 14 Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
  • Sep 15 Governor Walton of Oklahoma declares state of siege because of Ku Klux Klan terror
  • Sep 17 Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
  • Sep 19 Ernst Tollers "Hinkemann," premieres in Leipzig
  • Sep 23 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law
  • Sep 26 Gustav Stresemann government ends resistance against occupiers in Ruhrgebied
  • Sep 26 The Commonwealth Conference is held in London, where Britain recognizes the right of the Dominions to make treaties with foreign powers
  • Sep 27 Italian troops leave occupied Corfu
  • Sep 28 Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations
  • Sep 28 Radio Times 1st published
  • Sep 29 Steinhart Aquarium in Golden Gate Park opens to public
  • Oct 2 British occuping army leaves Constantinople

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 5 Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • Oct 6 US Lt Al Williams fly 392.2 KPH (record)
  • Oct 6 USSR adopts experimental calendar
  • Oct 10 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government
  • Oct 11 German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $
  • Oct 13 Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital
  • Oct 16 John Harwood patents self-winding watch (Switzerland)
  • Oct 17 Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
  • Oct 19 Beierse government refuses to prohibit NSDAP newspaper Völkischer Beobachter
  • Oct 21 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
  • Oct 24 General Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 25 Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal

Lawyer and Politician Thomas J. Walsh
Lawyer and Politician
Thomas J. Walsh
  • Oct 26 Dutch second Chamber rejects Fleet laws (50-49 vote)
  • Oct 26 Dutch Government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck resigns
  • Oct 29 Army move SPD/KPD-government to German part of Saxon
  • Oct 29 Textile strike against lower wages begins in Enschede, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)
  • Oct 29 Mustafa Kemal officially confirms Turkey as a republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), now commemorated annually as the Republic Day of Turkey
  • Oct 31 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees F begin at Marble Bar, Australia
  • Nov 1 Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
  • Nov 2 Bloody street fights in Aachen led to establishment of the ill-fated Rhenish Republic
  • Nov 2 Gustav Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down
  • Nov 6 USSR adopts experimental calendar, with 5-day "weeks"

BattleCoup d'état

Nov 8 Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party stage "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • Nov 9 Beer Hall Putsch's second day in Munich; Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die and Adolf Hitler flees
  • Nov 10 German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • Nov 11 Eternal flame lit for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • Nov 12 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power during "Beer Hall Putsch" coup

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 295

  • May 3 Ralph Hall, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Texas (1981-2005), born in Fate, Texas
  • May 5 Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (deeply engaged with issues that were central to the visual arts), born in London (d. 2003)
  • May 6 Guiseppe Martelli, Italian physicist, born in Pistoia, Italy (d. 1994)
  • May 6 Chih Ree Sun, Chinese-American physicist and poet. born in Anhui, Republic of China (d. 2007) [1]
  • May 7 Pete Domenici, American politician, U.S. Senator from New Mexico (1973-2009), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 2017)
  • May 7 Jim Lowe, American DJ (WNEW) "King of Trivia", born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • May 10 John Dugdal, Lord-Lt (Salop)
  • May 10 Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
  • May 11 Joan Moriarty, Brigadier matron-in-chief/dir (Army Nursing Services)
  • May 11 Gordon White, British business tycoon and co-founder of corporate raider Hanson Group, born in Hull, England (d. 1995)
  • May 12 Ewart G Abner, record company executive
  • May 12 Giovanni Testori, Italian writer (Rocco e i suoi fratelli)
  • May 12 Lord Laing, English biscuit manufacturer/pilot/multi-millionaire
  • May 14 Diane Arbus [Nemerov], American photographer (Vogue, Harper's Bazaar), born in NYC, New York (d. 1971) [1]
  • May 14 Adnan Pachachi, Iraqi politician
  • May 15 Richard Avedon, American photographer (1957 ASMP award)
  • May 16 Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • May 17 Michael Beetham, Marshal (RAF)
  • May 17 Miles Wingate, deputy master (Trinity House)
  • May 20 Hugh Beach, British General
  • May 20 Samuel "Sam" Selvon, Trinidad-born writer (The Lonely Londoners), born in San Fernando (d. 1994)
  • May 21 Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
  • May 22 Aline Griffith, American-born Spanish aristocrat, Countess of Romanones, spy and author, born in New York, United States (d. 2017)
  • May 25 John Weitz, American author and fashion designer (Friends in High Places), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2002)
  • May 26 Oren Lee Staley, 1st President of the National Farmers Organization (1955-79), born in Whitesville, Missouri (d. 1988)

Person of interestHenry Kissinger

May 27 Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State (1973-77) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, born in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • May 27 Lord Freyberg, British Colonel of General Staff
  • May 27 Ingeborg "Inge" Morath, Magnum photographer and wife of Arthur Miller, born in Graz Austria
  • May 28 Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, Indian film star (Patala Bhairavi)
  • May 29 John Parker, 6th Earl of Morley, British peer and soldier, born in Saltram House, Devon (d. 2015)
  • May 29 Richard Worsley, British Army officer, born in Ballywalter, County Down, Northern Ireland (d. 2013)

Person of interestRainier III

May 31 Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (1949-2005), born in Monaco (d. 2005)

Prince of Monaco Rainier III
Prince of Monaco
Rainier III
  • Jun 2 Lloyd Shapley, Mathematician (2012 Nobel Prize Game Theory), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • Jun 3 Michael Jaffe, director (Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge England)
  • Jun 3 Igor Shafarevich, Russian mathematician, born in Zhitomir, Ukraine (d. 2017)
  • Jun 4 John Lea, British vice-admiral, born in Shimla, India (d. 2015)
  • Jun 4 Elizabeth Jolley, British-born Australian writer (Palomino), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2007)
  • Jun 6 V. C. Andrews, American author (Flowers in the Attic), born in Portsmouth, Virginia (d. 1986)
  • Jun 7 Giorgio Belladonna, Italian bridge player (16 x World C'ships; 10 x European C'ships, Italy open team-of-four), born in Rome (d. 1995)
  • Jun 7 Jules Deschênes, Canadian Quebec Superior Court judge, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)
  • Jun 8 Alice Coleman, geographer (UK Land Use Survey)
  • Jun 8 Jean Maxwell-Scott, Lady-in-Waiting (Princess Alice Duchess Gloucester), born in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada (d. 2004)
  • Jun 8 Malcolm Boyd, American Episcopal Priest, author and civil rights activist, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2015)
  • Jun 10 Robert Maxwell [Jan Hoch], Czech, billionaire/CEO (NY Daily News)
  • Jun 11 Gerard Vaughan, British psychiatrist and politician (Conservative), born in Portuguese East Africa (d. 2000)
  • Jun 12 Marta Pan, Hungarian-French sculptor (Great spiral), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2008)
  • Jun 14 Judith Kerr, British children's writer and illustrator (The Tiger Who Came to Tea, Mog books), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2019)
  • Jun 20 Marcus Bakker, Dutch politician (CPN)
  • Jun 24 Margaret Olley, Lismore Australia, painter
  • Jun 25 Dorothy Gilman, American mystery writer, born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • Jun 25 Sam Francis, American painter (Basel Mural), born in San Mateo, California (d. 1994)
  • Jun 25 Tony Parker, British oral historian, born in Stockport, Cheshire (d. 1996)
  • Jun 25 Nicholas Mosley, British novelist, biographer and son of Oswald Mosley, born in London (d. 2017)
  • Jun 26 David Haslam, British rear admiral (hydrographer), born in Derby, England (d. 2009)
  • Jun 26 Barbara Graham, American criminal convicted of murder, born in Oakland, California (d. 1955)
  • Jun 29 Ronnie Ronalde [Ronald Charles Waldron], British entertainer and world-famous whistler, born in London (d. 2015)
  • Jul 2 Wislawa Szymborska, Prowent, Polish poet referred to as the 'Mozart of Poetry' (Nobel 1996), (d. 2012)
  • Jul 3 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2000)
  • Jul 3 Bankole Timothy, Sierra Leonean journalist, born in Sierra Leone (d. 1994)
  • Jul 3 William Mills, painter (d. 1997)
  • Jul 4 Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1982-84), born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 2013)
  • Jul 5 Arno Motulsky, German-born founder of medical genetics, known as the "father of pharmacogenomics", born in Fischhausen, East Prussia, Weimar Germany (d. 2018)
  • Jul 6 Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general and 1st President of Poland (1989-90), born in Kurów, Poland (d. 2014)
  • Jul 7 Richard Lumley, English insurance magnate/multi-millionaire
  • Jul 10 Earl Hamner Jr., American creator and narrator of TV show "The Waltons", born in Schuyler, Virginia (d. 2016)
  • Jul 10 Jean Kerr, Irish-American novelist (Please Don't Eat the Daisies), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • Jul 10 G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (RamalKhuna), born in Examba, Karnataka (d. 1987)
  • Jul 10 John Bradley, United States Navy corpsman, one of six who raised flag on top of Mt. Suribachi (see Iwo Jima), born in Antigo, Wisconsin (d. 1994)
  • Jul 12 James E. Gunn, American sci-fi author (The Listeners, Station in Space, Immortal), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Jul 14 Frances Lear, Larchmont NY, Woman's magazine publisher (Lears)
  • Jul 16 Reg Prentice, British government minister, born in Croydon, Surrey (d. 2001)
  • Jul 16 Chris Argyris, American business theorist and educator, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • Jul 17 John Cooper, English race car designer (d. 2000)
  • Jul 18 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1997)
  • Jul 19 William A. Rusher, American lawyer and columnist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • Jul 20 Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)

Person of interestBob Dole

Jul 22 Bob Dole, American politician (Senate Republican leader, 1985-96, Presidential candidate in 1996), born in Russell, Kansas

US Senator and Presidential Candidate Bob Dole
US Senator and Presidential Candidate
Bob Dole
  • Jul 23 Cyril M. Kornbluth, American sci-fi writer (Space Merchants), born in NYC, New York (d. 1958)
  • Jul 25 Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (Josephine), born in Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • Jul 25 Bill Fitsell, Canadian journalist, writer and historian (International Hockey Hall of Fame curator, historian 1969-2005), born in Barrie, Ontario (d. 2020)
  • Jul 26 Peter Carey, British civil servant and permanent secretary (DTI), born in Portsmouth (d. 2011)
  • Jul 26 Jan Berenstain [Janice Marian Grant], American author (The Berenstain Bears), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jul 27 Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate, born in Gimje, Jeollabuk-do, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)
  • Jul 28 Kent L Lee, US vice-admiral (WW II-Marianas/Palau)
  • Jul 28 Mary Jane Odell, American politician and journalist, Iowa Secretary of State, born in Algona, Iowa (d. 2010)
  • Jul 28 Michio Watanabe, Japanese politician, Deputy Prime Minister, born in Ōtawara, Japan (d. 1995)
  • Jul 30 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), born in Belitung Island, Dutch East Indies (d. 1965)
  • Jul 31 Ahmet Ertegun, Turkish-American businessman and co-founder of Atlantic Records, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2006)

Person of interestShimon Peres

Aug 2 Shimon Peres, Israeli Prime Minister (Labor), President (2007-14) and Nobel Peace Prize (1994), born in Wiszniewo, Poland (d. 2016)

Israeli Statesman Shimon Peres
Israeli Statesman
Shimon Peres
  • Aug 3 Anne Klein, American fashion designer (Anne Klein II), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1974)
  • Aug 3 Roger Foulon, Belgian writer (Un été dans la Fagne), born in Thuin, Belgium (d. 2008)
  • Aug 3 Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Christianity, born in Abnub, Asyut Governorate, Egypt (d. 2012)
  • Aug 4 Reg Grundy, Australian media and television mogul (Neighbours, Prisoner), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2016)
  • Aug 4 Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi, Pakistani satirical and humor writer, born in Jaipur, India
  • Aug 5 Richard Kleindienst, American attorney general during Watergate scandal, born in Winslow, Arizona (1972)
  • Aug 5 Devan Nair, Singaporean politician, President of Singapore (1981-85), born in Melaka (d. 2005)
  • Aug 6 William B Williams, DJ (WNEW, Sammy & Company), born in Babylon, New York
  • Aug 6 Jess Collins, American artist (d. 2004)
  • Aug 9 Gerrit Kouwenaar, Dutch journalist and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 2014)
  • Aug 10 Gillian Brown, diplomat

Weddings in History


Deaths in History