1923 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 240 of 240

  • Oct 29 Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)
  • Oct 29 Mustafa Kemal officially confirms Turkey as a republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), commemorated today annually as the Republic Day of Turkey
  • Oct 31 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees F begin at Marble Bar, Australia
  • Nov 1 Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
  • Nov 2 Bloody street fights in Aachen led to establishment of the ill-fated Rhenish Republic
  • Nov 2 Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down
  • Nov 6 USSR adopts experimental calendar, with 5-day "weeks"

BattleCoup d'état

Nov 8 Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party stage "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Nov 9 Beer Hall Putsch's second day in Munich; Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die, Hitler flees
  • Nov 10 German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • Nov 11 Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph
  • Nov 12 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power during "Beer Hall Putsch" coup
  • Nov 12 Dr Hjalmar Schacht is appointed special commissioner to deal with the currency problem in Germany; by November 1924 the currency will have been restored
  • Nov 14 Kentaro Suzuki completes his ascent of Mount Iizuna.
  • Nov 19 Béla Bartòk's "Tancsuite" premieres
  • Nov 19 The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures

  • Nov 20 Garrett Morgan patents his traffic signal design, an important development in automobile safety
  • Nov 20 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • Nov 23 German army commander General Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD
  • Nov 23 Germany's Stresemann government falls to SPD
  • Nov 24 Radio Belgium's 1st transmission
  • Nov 29 The Dawes Commission, chaired by the American Banker Charles Dawes, is set up to look into the German economic situation and make recommendations that the US can accept
  • Nov 30 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms
  • Dec 3 First Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Washington, D.C.)
  • Dec 4 WEAF radio begins broadcasting Eveready Hour (variety show)
  • Dec 6 1st US Presidential address broadcast on radio by President Calvin Coolidge
  • Dec 8 German-US friendship treaty signed
  • Dec 8 Labour/Liberals win British parliament
  • Dec 8 Salary & price freeze in Germany
  • Dec 10 Polish government of Grabski forms
  • Dec 14 Gerard K "Simon" van het Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings)
  • Dec 17 Greek king George II overthrown by army/republic
  • Dec 18 International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco
  • Dec 21 Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation
  • Dec 22 Bill Ponsford & Edgar Mayne make 456 opening stand for Vict
  • Dec 25 Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St NYC

MurderAssassination Attempt

Dec 27 Emperor Hirohito of Japan narrowly evades an assassination attempt by a Korean independence activist, Lee Bong-chang

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28 George Bernard Shaw's "St Joan" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 31 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 299 of 299

  • Aug 6 Jess Collins, American artist (d. 2004)
  • Aug 9 Gerrit Kouwenaar, Dutch literary
  • Aug 10 Gillian Brown, diplomat
  • Aug 11 Stan Chambers, American television reporter
  • Aug 16 Joe Hutton, northumbrian piper/shepherd
  • Aug 16 Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian playwright
  • Aug 17 Larry Rivers, [Grossberg], American painter (Wash crossing Delaware-1953), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 17 Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull energy drink, born in Phichit, Thailand (d. 2012)
  • Aug 21 Arthur "Art" Janov, American psychologist and psychotherapist notable for creating primal therapy (The Primal Scream), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • Aug 22 Gerald Long, English journalist and CEO of Reuters, born in York, England (d. 1998)
  • Aug 23 Edgar F. Codd, English-American computer scientist, born in Fortuneswell, Dorset, England (d. 2003)
  • Aug 24 Arthur Jensen, American psychologist, born in San Diego, California (d. 2012)
  • Aug 29 Reinier Braams, Dutch biophysicist and politician, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • Aug 30 Barbara Mary Ansell, UK founder of paediatric rheumatology, born in Warwick, England (d. 2001)
  • Aug 30 Charmian Clift, Australian writer and essayist, born in Kiama, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1969)
  • Sep 1 Theo Joekes, Dutch journalist, writer, and politician (VVD)
  • Sep 2 Rene Thom, French mathematician (d. 2002)
  • Sep 3 Mort Walker, American cartoonist (Beetle Bailey, Hi & Lois), born in El Dorado, Kansas (d. 2018)
  • Sep 5 Arthur C. Nielsen, American businessman and market researcher (TV's Nielsen's Ratings), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1980)
  • Sep 6 Peter II Karadjordjevic, last King of Yugoslavia (1934-45), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1970)
  • Sep 9 Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Sep 13 Reninca [Renée Lauwers], Flemish author (Seed in the Wind), born in Puurs, Antwerp
  • Sep 13 Édouard Boubat, French photographer, born in Montmartre, Paris (d. 1999)

Person of interestLee Kuan Yew

Sep 16 Lee Kuan Yew, Founding father of modern Singapore and 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (1959-90), born in Singapore

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • Sep 17 John Rigby Hale, British linguist and historian, born in Ashford, Kent (d. 1999)
  • Sep 18 Jur Mellema, Dutch politician (CHU), born in Nieuw-Scheemda, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • Sep 18 Peter Smithson, English architect, born in Stockton-on-Tees, England (d. 2003)
  • Sep 18 Queen Anne of Romania [Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma], wife of Michael I King of Romania, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • Sep 20 Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish poet (A Little Bouquet), born in Northern Ireland (d. 1997)
  • Sep 21 John Vane, 11th Lord Barnard, English large landowner, born in Raby Castle, County Durham, England (d. 2016)
  • Sep 22 Dannie Abse, Welsh poet and writer
  • Sep 23 Samuel V. Wilson, American ex-director of the Defense Intelligence Agency and former Army lieutenant general, born in Rice, Virginia (d. 2017)
  • Sep 24 Ladislav Fuks, Czech writer, born in Prague (d. 1994)
  • Sep 24 Mervyn Brown, British diplomat and historian of Madagascar
  • Sep 28 Duke of Buccleuch, British large landowner/art collector
  • Sep 28 Fred Robbins, DJ (Coke Time with Eddie Fisher, Robbins Nest), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Sep 29 Ellen Malcolm, painter
  • Sep 29 O A "Bum" Phillips, football coach (Houston Oilers/New Orlean Saints)
  • Oct 2 Jack Dellal, English immovables-goedbezitter/multi-millionaire, (d. 2012)
  • Oct 3 Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician, born in Vieille Case, Dominica (d. 2004)
  • Oct 5 Philip Berrigan, American peace activist and Roman Catholic priest, born in Two Harbors, Minnesota (d. 2002)
  • Oct 5 Stig Dagerman, Swedish writer (Burned Child), born in Älvkarleby, Uppsala County, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • Oct 6 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), born in Hemite, Osmaniye, Ottoman Empire (d. 2015)
  • Oct 7 Irma Grese, Supervisor at Nazi concentration camps
  • Oct 7 Jean-Paul Riopelle, Québécois member of Les Automatistes (d. 2002)
  • Oct 12 Jean Nidetch, businesswoman and founder of Weight Watchers, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 15 Italo Calvino, Italian author (Winter's Night a Traveler), born in Santiago de Las Vegas, Cuba (d. 1985)
  • Oct 18 Suzanne Perlman, Hungarian/Dutch Antilian painter
  • Oct 20 Joe Minogue, journalist
  • Oct 24 Denise Levertov, American poet/essayist (Joy Beneath the Skin)
  • Oct 27 Roy Lichtenstein, Pop art painter (painted comic book panels), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)

Person of interestCarl Djerassi

Oct 29 Carl Djerassi, Austrian-born American chemist and father of the contraceptive pill, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2015)

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • Oct 31 Hicks B Waldron, Chairman and CEO of Avon Products, Inc., born in Amsterdam, New York (d. 2017)
  • Nov 1 Edward A de Jongh, Antillian author (The Arch)
  • Nov 1 Gordon R[upert] Dickson, Canadian sci-fi author (Genetic General)
  • Nov 3 Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1990)
  • Nov 4 Alfred Heineken, beer brewer (Heineken)
  • Nov 5 Ian Arthur Hoyle Munro, medical journalist
  • Nov 8 Dmitri T Jazov, Russian minister of defense (1991 coup)

Person of interestJack Kilby

Nov 8 Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer and Nobel laureate (handheld calculator, integrated circuit), born in Jefferson City, Missouri (d. 2005)

Engineer Jack Kilby
Engineer
Jack Kilby
  • Nov 13 Arthur Hiller, Canadian director (Love Story), born in Edmonton, Alberta (d. 2016)
  • Nov 17 Robert Francis Vere Heuston, British professor of law
  • Nov 18 Ted Stevens, American politician
  • Nov 18 Alan Shepard, American astronaut and 1st American in space, born in Derry, New Hampshire (d. 1998)
  • Nov 20 Beryl Sprinkel, Missouri, economist (Council of Economic Advisers)
  • Nov 20 Nadine Gordimer, South African author (July's people, Nobel 1991), born in Springs, Transvaal, (d. 2014)
  • Nov 23 Angelo John Novarese, record company founder
  • Nov 23 Guy Molinari, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
  • Nov 23 Daniel Brewster, American democrat (d. 2007)
  • Nov 25 Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland (1982-94), born in Turku (d. 2017)
  • Nov 27 Robert A Young, (Rep-D-MO, 1977-86)
  • Nov 28 Helen Delich Bentley, American politician (Rep-R-MD, 1985-95 ), born in Ruth, Nevada (d. 2016)
  • Nov 28 Phyllis Jenkins, literary & theatrical agent community activist
  • Nov 28 Ted Stevens, (Sen-R-AK, 1968- )
  • Dec 1 Stansfield Turner, American admiral and CIA director (1977-81), born in Highland Park, Illinois (d. 2018)
  • Dec 1 Morris, Belgian cartoonist (Lucky Luke) (d. 2001)
  • Dec 2 Meshulam Riklis, husband of Pia Zadora
  • Dec 4 Charles Keating, district attorney (Los Angeles California)
  • Dec 5 Vladimir Tendryakov, Russian writer (Three, Seven, Ace), born in Makarovskaya, Vologda Oblast (d. 1984)
  • Dec 8 Rudolph Pariser, Chinese-born American chemist
  • Dec 10 Jorge Semprun, French writer (2nd mort de R Mercader, Z)
  • Dec 13 Fred van der Spek, Dutch 2nd chamber member (PSP)
  • Dec 13 Antoni Tapies, painter, sculptor, and theorist (Dau al Set), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2012)
  • Dec 13 Frankie Fraser, English gangster who spent 42 years in jail, born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • Dec 14 Gerard K "Simon" van het Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings, Dear Guys)
  • Dec 14 Leonardus S van Egeraat, Dutch travel expert
  • Dec 15 Freeman Dyson, English-born American physicist
  • Dec 15 Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer (d. 2002)
  • Dec 15 Valentin Varennikov, Russian general and statesman
  • Dec 16 Tip [Silvio A] Marugg, Antillian writer (Weekend pilgrimage)
  • Dec 17 Jaroslav Pelikan, American historian (d. 2006)
  • Dec 18 Lotti [Charlotte] van der Gaag, Dutch sculptor/painter
  • Dec 19 Luigi Innocenti, designer
  • Dec 21 Intizar Hussain, Urdu writer and columnist, born in Dibai, Bulandshahr (d. 2016) (approx. date)
  • Dec 23 James Stockdale, admiral (Vietnam)/Ross Perot's 1992 running mate
  • Dec 23 Lucas M Mangope, 1st president of Bophuthatswana (1977-94)
  • Dec 24 Wilton S Mkwayi, South African ANC leader
  • Dec 24 George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
  • Dec 30 Sara A Lidman, Swedish author (Jag Och Min Son, Samtal in Hanoi)

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History