On This Day

October 1924 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 1st Dutch airliner, the Fokker F.VII takes off from Amsterdam for Batavia (Java)
  • Oct 2 League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
  • Oct 3 King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne
  • Oct 5 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in NYC Daily News
  • Oct 7 Greek government of Dikalekopoulis forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • Oct 11 Bureau of Surrealist Research opens in Paris, directed by Antonin Artaud, resource centre for surrealist writers
  • Oct 12 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 13 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud

USAStatue of Liberty

Oct 15 US President Calvin Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument

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The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
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Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 15 André Breton publishes his "Surrealist Manifesto" with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • Oct 18 Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, NY Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
  • Oct 19 General Christian Worker's union demands 8 hr work day in Belgium
  • Oct 21 KLM Fokker's F7 H-NACC departs to Dutch East Indies
  • Oct 22 Toastmasters International is founded
  • Oct 24 Christian General Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
  • Oct 24 Nobel prize for physiology or medicine awarded to Dutchman Willem Einthoven "for his discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram"
  • Oct 27 The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union
  • Oct 28 French-Russian trade agreement signed

InventionScientific Discovery

Oct 28 Miner M.de Bruin discovers the infant fossil skull, "Taung child" in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species, Australopithecus africanus.

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • Oct 29 Labour party loses British parliamentary election
  • Oct 31 World Savings Day announced in Milan, Italy, by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks)

Birthdays in History

Person of interestJimmy Carter

Oct 1 Jimmy Carter, American politician, 39th US President (D) (1977-81), born in Plains, Georgia

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • Oct 1 William Rehnquist, American lawyer and 16th Chief Justice of the United States (1986-2005), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2005)
  • Oct 2 Sam Wainwright, deputy chairman (British Post Office)
  • Oct 3 Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist and founding editor of Mad magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1993)
  • Oct 5 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), born in Santiago (d. 1996)
  • Oct 8 Alphons Egli, Swiss politcian and member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Lucerne, Switzerland (d. 2016)
  • Oct 9 Robert A. Rushworth, American test pilot (X-15), born in Madison, Maine (d. 1993)
  • Oct 10 James Clavell, British-American author (The Asian Saga), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1994)
  • Oct 15 Lee Iacocca, American automotive executive (CEO of Chrysler Corp), born in Allentown, Pennsylvania (d. 2019)
  • Oct 15 Marguerite Andersen, German francophone writer and educator, born in Germany
  • Oct 18 Frank Liedel [Leo van Assche], Flemish writer (Kaperbrief)
  • Oct 20 Kenneth WIlliam Gatland, aerospace scientist
  • Oct 20 Stanley Eric Francis Booth-Clibborn, bishop (Manchester)
  • Oct 24 Piet Roozenburg, Dutch World champion checker player (1948, 51, 52, 55), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • Oct 26 Tom Lewis, American politician (Rep-R-Florida, 1983-93), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • Oct 27 Alain Bombard, French Biologist, Physician, and Politician who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in a small boat to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive without provisions, born in Paris, France
  • Oct 29 Zbigniew Herbert, Polish poet and writer, born in Lwów, Poland (d. 1998)

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Oct 16 American writer ("Gone with the Wind") Margaret Mitchell divorces 1st husband Berrien (Red) Upshaw

Deaths in History

  • Oct 6 Jacques Oppenheim, lawyer, dies at 75
  • Oct 7 Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Patristischen Philosophie), dies at 71
  • Oct 9 Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • Oct 12 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), dies at 80
  • Oct 29 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British born American playwright and children's author ("Little Lord Fauntleroy"), dies at 74