On This Day

January 1925 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo
  • Jan 2 Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Benito Mussolini dissolves the Italian parliament and proclaims himself dictator of Italy, taking the title "Il Duce" (the Leader)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jan 4 French psychologist Emil Coué brings his self-esteem therapy to US "Every day in every way I am getting better & better"
  • Jan 5 James Gleason & Richard Tabers "Is zat so?" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 5 Nellie Taylor Ross became governor of Wyoming, 1st woman governor in USA
  • Jan 5 Under Polish control, Danzig establishes Port Gdańsk post office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Mikhail Frunze replaces Leon Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Military and Native Affairs (Minister of Defence) as Trotsky and Joseph Stalin battle for power in the aftermath of Vladimir Lenin's death

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Jan 6 Mussolini forms a cabinet composed entirely of Fascists in Italy
  • Jan 8 1st all-female US state supreme court appointed, Texas
  • Jan 9 German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption
  • Jan 10 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson sworn in as Governor of Texasr, 2nd US woman governor, 1st ever elected
  • Jan 10 Allies refuse to evacuate the Cologne area of Germany as agreed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 11 Frank Kellogg replaces Charles Hughes as US Secretary of State

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • Jan 12 John Howard Lawson's "Processional" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 15 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP
  • Jan 19 -48°F (-44°C), Van Buren, Maine (state record)
  • Jan 20 The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
  • Jan 21 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
  • Jan 22 Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu
  • Jan 24 Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island
  • Jan 24 Sandler follows Branting as premier of Sweden
  • Jan 28 -46°F (-43°C), Pittsburgh, New Hampshire (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 British Liberal Party chooses David Lloyd George as leader

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Jan 30 Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
  • Jan 31 Premier Ahmed Zogu becomes president of Angola

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 William J Crowe Jr, Kentucky, chairman joint chief of staff
  • Jan 6 John Z. DeLorean, American automaker (DeLorean), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2005)
  • Jan 7 Gerald Malcolm Durrell, Britain, zoologist/writer (Mockery Bird)
  • Jan 8 James Saunders, English playwright (Ark), born in Islington, London (d. 2004)
  • Jan 8 Helmuth Hubener, German activist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • Jan 9 Abdelhamid ben Hadouga, Algerian writer, born in Mansoura, Algeria (d. 1996)
  • Jan 14 Yukio Mishima, Japanese novelist (Temple of Golden Pavilion), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1970)
  • Jan 14 Jean-Claude Beton, Algerian-born French businessman, entrepreneur and soft-drink manufacturer (Orangina), born in Boufarik, French Algeria (d. 2013)
  • Jan 17 Duane Hanson, US sculptor
  • Jan 17 Robert Cormier, American author (d. 2000)
  • Jan 17 Edgar Ray Killen, American convict, former preacher, K.K.K. member and murderer, born in Philadelphia, Mississippi (d. 2018)
  • Jan 18 Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher (Difference and Repetition), born in Paris, France (d. 1995)
  • Jan 19 Nina [Mary] Bawden, English author (Afternoon of a Good Woman), (d. 2012)
  • Jan 20 Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan Catholic priest, politician and writer, born in Granada, Nicaragua
  • Jan 20 Eugen Gomringer, Bolivian-born German poet, born in Cachuela Esperanza, Bolivia
  • Jan 21 Oswald "Ossie" Stevens Nock, railway writer
  • Jan 22 Leslie Silver, English paint manufacturer/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 26 David Jenkins, Bishop (Durham)
  • Jan 26 Desmond Cassidi, British admiral
  • Jan 26 Claude Ryan, Quebec newspaper editor (d. 2004)
  • Jan 27 Geoffrey Tucker, British political consultant
  • Jan 27 John Bury, British stage designer who worked with Peter Hall (d. 2000)
  • Jan 28 Henry Harris, British professor of medicine

Person of interestDouglas Engelbart

Jan 30 Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist (computer mouse, Engelbart's Law), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2013)

Computer Scientist Douglas Engelbart
Computer Scientist
Douglas Engelbart
  • Jan 31 Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader
  • Jan 31 Charles Aidman, American TV narrator (New Twilight Zone), born in Frankfort, Indiana
  • Jan 31 Fred Catherwood, British politician, Vice President of the European Parliament 1989-1992, born in Castledawson, County Londonderry (d. 2014)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 26 Politician Seán MacBride (21) weds Catalina Bulfin in Dublin, Ireland

Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBride
Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA
Seán MacBride

Deaths in History

  • Jan 12 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist and founder of modern mycology, dies at 85
  • Jan 14 Willem Devout, self employed (V & Dreesmann), dies
  • Jan 19 Maria Sophie of Bavaria, Queen consort of the Two Sicilies, dies at 83
  • Jan 25 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • Jan 30 John F Mellaerts, Flemish social founder (Boerenbond), dies at 79
  • Jan 31 George W. Cable, American writer (Northampton Years), dies at 80