On This Day

May 1926 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 British coal miners go on strike
  • May 2 US military intervenes in Nicaragua

Volunteers Help Defeat General StrikeVolunteers Help Defeat General Strike

May 3 Britain's Trade Union Congress calls for the country's first ever general strike, begins at 1 minute to midnight in support striking coal miners, lasts 9 days
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Walking to work in the General Strike. Photo: Daily Mail
Walking to work in the General Strike. Photo: Daily Mail
  • May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith)
  • May 3 US Marines land in Nicaragua (9 months after leaving), stay until 1933
  • May 5 Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for "Arrowsmith"
  • May 8 A Philip Randolph organizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 1st flight over the North Pole claimed by Richard E. Byrd and co-pilot Floyd Bennett. Later discovery of Byrd's diary suggests they may have turned back 150 miles short of the pole due to an oil leak.

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • May 11 Airship Norge leaves Spitsbergen for 1st air crossing of Arctic Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 Airship Norge is the first vessel to fly over North Pole, lead by Roald Amundsen and piloted by Umberto Nobile

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen

BattleCoup d'état

May 12 General Józef Piłsudski returns to power in Poland after coup d'état against the Witos regime

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • May 12 Hans Luther resigns for 2nd time as German Chancellor after no-confidence vote against his minority government
  • May 12 British General Strike ends after 9 days, coal mine workers stay on strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Chiang Kai-shek is made supreme warlord in Canton

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • May 17 Wilhelm Marx succeeds Hans Luther as Chancellor of Germany
  • May 18 Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanishes in Venice, California She shows up a month later saying she's been kidnapped

  • May 19 French air force bombs Damascus Syria
  • May 20 Belgian government of Jaspar takes power
  • May 20 Congress passes Air Commerce Act, licensing of pilots & planes
  • May 20 Railway Labor Act became law in USA
  • May 22 Chiang Kai-shek replaces communists in Guomindang China
  • May 22 Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop
  • May 23 Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard
  • May 23 Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
  • May 25 Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of the Ukrainian People's Republic
  • May 26 Lebanon adopts constitution
  • May 28 Military coup by General Manuel Gomes da Costa in Portugal
  • May 28 US Customs Court created by congress
  • May 31 Portuguese president Bernardino Machedo resigns after coup
  • May 31 Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Peter Lax, Hungarian Mathematician
  • May 2 Gérard D. Levesque, Canadian politician, born in Port-Daniel–Gascons, Canada (d. 1993)
  • May 4 Gerlind Reinshagen, German writer, born in Konigsberg, Germany
  • May 4 Milt Thompson, American astronaut (Dynasoar, X-15), NASA test pilot and chief-engineer, born in Crookston, Minnesota (d. 1993)
  • May 6 John Hamilton-Jones, CEO (Richmond Enterprises) and British Major-General
  • May 6 Gilles Grégoire, Quebec politician (co-founder of the Parti Québécois), born in Quebec City, Quebec (d. 2006)
  • May 8 Ronald Waterhouse, British high court judge (d.2011)
  • May 9 Francis Kennedy, British diplomat
  • May 9 Joshua Hassan, chief minister (Gibralter)
  • May 9 Robin Cooke, pres (NZ Court of Appeal)
  • May 10 Duncan Watson, president (World Blind Union)
  • May 10 Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (d. 2002)
  • May 11 Ernest Harrison, CEO (Racal Electronics)
  • May 12 Earl Hutto, American politician (Rep-D-Florida, 1979-95 ), born in Panama City, Florida
  • May 12 Mervyn Dymally, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1981-93), born in Cedros, Trinidad and Tobago (d. 2012)
  • May 13 Wallace Breem, British author (Eagle in the Snow), born in Kingston, England (d. 1990)
  • May 13 Dewey Philip "Daddy-O", American pioneering DJ, born in Crump, Tennessee (d. 1968)
  • May 15 Anthony Shaffer, Engish playwright (Sleuth), twin brother to Peter, born in Liverpool (d. 2001)
  • May 15 Peter Shaffer, English playwright (Equus, Amadeus), twin brother to Anthony, born in Liverpool (d. 2016)
  • May 17 Cicely Berry, British theatre director (Royal Shakespeare Company)
  • May 17 David Young, Lt-Gen/CEO (Cairn Tech)
  • May 17 David Ogilvy, Earl of Airlie, Scottish peer, Lord Chamberlain to Queen Elizabeth, born in London
  • May 17 Geoffrey Caston, vice chancellor (U of South Pacific)
  • May 19 Swami Kriyananda, Indian teacher and author
  • May 20 John Lucarotti, scriptwriter
  • May 21 Robert Creeley, Mass, poet/novelist (Island)
  • May 26 Phyllis Gotlieb, Canadian sci-fi novelist (Sunburst), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2009)
  • May 30 Christine Jorgensen, pioneer transsexual (born George William Jorgensen, Jr)
  • May 30 James Whitman McLamore, businessman
  • May 31 Derek Birley, founding Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ulster
  • May 31 Martin Peake, 2nd Viscount Ingleby, British peer and business man (d. 2008)

Deaths in History

  • May 1 Nicolaus Adriani, Dutch translator (Middle-Celebes Language), dies at 60
  • May 3 Victor, Prince Napoléon [Napoléon V], French pretender to the throne, dies at 63
  • May 9 J. M. Dent, British publisher, dies at 77
  • May 13 Libert H. Boeynaems, Belgian Catholic prelate and the fourth vicar apostolic of the Vicariate Apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands, dies at 68
  • May 15 Mohammed VI Vahideddin, last sultan of Turkey (1918-22), dies
  • May 16 Mehmed VI Vahideddin (Mohammed Osman), last sultan of Turkey, dies
  • May 21 Ronald Firbank, British novelist (The Flower Beneath the Foot), dies at 40
  • May 25 Symon Petliura, Ukrainian socialist leader (pogroms), assassinated in Paris at 47 by Sholom Schwartzbard
  • May 26 S V Petlura, Ukrainian ataman, assassinated by Shalom Schwarzbard
  • May 27 Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (b. 1904)
  • May 30 Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)