On This Day

1926 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 225

  • Jul 1 Canada restores gold standard
  • Jul 2 US Army Air Corps created; Distinguished Flying Cross authorized, to award "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight"
  • Jul 4 NSDAP-party forms in Weimar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander in China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Jul 9 Coup under General Sinel de Cordes in Portugal
  • Jul 10 Lake Denmark, New Jersey arsenal explodes, kills 21, $75m damage
  • Jul 12 Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu
  • Jul 15 VPRO (Free thinking Protestant Radio Broadcast) forms
  • Jul 16 Jaspar government asks authority to save Belgian franc
  • Jul 16 National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos
  • Jul 18 The South Africa author and journalist, Herman Charles Bosman, shoots and kills his stepbrother David Russell during a quarrel
  • Jul 19 2nd French government of Herriot, forms
  • Jul 20 A convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests.
  • Jul 22 105°F (41°C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record)
  • Jul 22 108°F (42°C), Troy, NY (state record)
  • Jul 23 National Railway Company of Belgium forms (NMBS/SNCFB)

  • Jul 23 French government of Poincaré forms
  • Jul 26 National Bar Association incorporates
  • Jul 26 Philippines government asks USA for a plebiscite on independence
  • Jul 28 US & Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal
  • Jul 30 Albanian boundaries deduced
  • Aug 1 Battles between Druze & French in Damascus
  • Aug 1 Failed assassination on General Primo de Rivera in Barcelona
  • Aug 3 Traffic lights installed at Piccadilly Circus, London
  • Aug 5 French & German trade agreement signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 5 Harry Houdini stays in a coffin under water for 1½ hrs before escaping

Magician and Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician and Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Aug 6 American Gertrude Ederle (20) becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel in 14 hours, 39 minutes, a record for male or female
  • Aug 10 Italian-Spanish peace treaty signed
  • Aug 13 Enrique Tirabocchi of Argentina becomes the first to swim the English Channel from France to England (record 16 hours 33 minutes)
  • Aug 17 Greek-Serbian, Croatian and Slavs peace treaty signed
  • Aug 20 Uprising against Rezā Shāh Pahlavi in Iran
  • Aug 20 Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai(NHK) is established.
  • Aug 21 -22] Uprising against Greek president and dictator Pangalos
  • Aug 22 Gold discovered in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Aug 22 Greek dictator Gen Pangulos driven out
  • Aug 25 Pavlos Koundouris becomes president of Greece

  • Aug 27 2nd Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the Slottsskogsvallen Stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Sep 1 Turkey allows civil marriage
  • Sep 2 Italy signs treaty with Yemen
  • Sep 8 League of Nations Assembly votex unanimously to admit Germany
  • Sep 9 National Broadcasting Company created by Radio Corporation of America
  • Sep 9 Train disaster at Wassenaar, Netherlands, 4 die
  • Sep 10 Allies-German treaty of Koblenz drawn
  • Sep 10 Germany joins League of Nations
  • Sep 11 Aloha Tower dedicated in Honolulu
  • Sep 11 Spain leaves League of Nation due to Germany joining
  • Sep 16 -22] Hurricane in Florida & Alabama, kills 372
  • Sep 16 Italian-Romanian peace treaty signed
  • Sep 16 Philip Dunning & George Abbott's "Broadway" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 17 Hurricane hits Miami & Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die
  • Sep 18 Hurricane hits Miami, kills 250
  • Sep 19 80,000 demonstrate for democratic peace in Hague
  • Sep 19 The San Siro is inaugurated with a match between AC Milan and Inter.

MurderAssassination Attempt

Sep 20 Bugs Moran attempts to assassinate Al Capone in a drive-by shooting but fails

Gangster Bugs Moran
Gangster
Bugs Moran
Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Sep 22 Belgian crown prince Leopold and Swedish Princess Astrid get engaged
  • Sep 24 Cardinals clinch NL pennant by beating Giants 6-4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 25 Henry Ford announces an 8 hour, 5-day work week

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Sep 25 International slavery convention signed by 20 states

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Sep 25 Mackenzie King is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • Sep 26 JB Fagan's "And So to Bed" premieres in London
  • Sep 28 Russia & Latvia treaty of neutrality signed
  • Sep 30 German/French/Belgian/Luxembourg steel cartel closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Oil field accident costs aviator Wiley Post his left eye, uses the settlement money to buy his 1st aircraft

Aviator Wiley Post
Aviator
Wiley Post
  • Oct 3 1st congress of Pan European Movement (Pan-Europese Beweging) opens in Vienna
  • Oct 4 Dahlia is officially designated as San Francisco city flower
  • Oct 7 Italian Great Fascist Council forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Royal Colonial Institution

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 14 A. A. Milne's book "Winnie the Pooh" released

Author A. A. Milne
Author
A. A. Milne
  • Oct 15 Austria government of Seipel, forms
  • Oct 15 Philip Barry's "White Wings!" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 16 Mohammed Nadir Khan begins coup in Afghanistan, 1200 killed
  • Oct 16 Troop ship sinks in Yangtze River, killing 1,200

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 18 Frankfurter Zeitung publishes Lenin's political testament

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Oct 19 John C Garand patents semi-automatic rifle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and his followers

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 20 Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600
  • Oct 22 J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal
  • Oct 24 Harry Houdini's last performance, at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan
  • Oct 26 Arthur Goodrich's play "Caponsacchi" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26 Belgium stabilizes current value of franc (5 franc becomes 1 "Belga")

MurderAssassination Attempt

Oct 31 Failed assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini by 15-year-old Anteo Zamboni, who was lynched on the spot

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Nov 1 US Air Commerce Act passes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 9 Italian Communist leader Antonio Gramsci is arrested in Rome

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • Nov 10 Guomindang-regring deallocates seat of Kanton to Wuhan (Hankou)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 Vincent Massey becomes 1st Canadian minister to USA

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey
  • Nov 11 U.S. Route 66 is established from Chicago, Illinois to Santa Monica, California 2,448 miles (3,940 km)
  • Nov 12 The first recorded aerial bombing on US soil took place in Williamson County, Illinois, during a feud between rival liquor gangs, the Sheltons and the Birgers
  • Nov 13 Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) uprising in Bantam, West Java
  • Nov 15 AT&T sells WEAF radio to RCA (NYC)

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Nov 18 Pope Pius XI encyclical On persecution of Church in Mexico

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Nov 18 George Bernard Shaw accepts the Nobel Prize for Literature but refuses the prize money, saying "I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."

Playwright George Bernard Shaw
Playwright
George Bernard Shaw
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • Nov 19 British miners' strike ends after 28 weeks
  • Nov 19 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union
  • Nov 22 Imperial Conference ends, giving autonomy inside British Commonwealth
  • Nov 24 KVI-AM in Seattle WA begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 24 Sri Aurobindo retires to lead life of seclusion, hands responsibility for followers to Mirra Alfassa (founding of Sri Aurobindo ashram)
  • Nov 27 110,000 watch US Army & Navy play a 21-all tie
  • Nov 27 Italian & Albania sign peace treaty
  • Nov 27 KXL-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 27 Restoration of Williamsburg, Virginia, begins

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 296

  • Apr 14 Barbara Anderson, New Zealand author, born in Hastings, New Zealand (d. 2013)
  • Apr 16 Barbara Tizard, British educator and author, born in London (d. 2015)
  • Apr 17 Arthur Hockaday, Director-General (Commonwealth War Graves Commission), born in Plymouth
  • Apr 19 Kim Bok-dong, Korean sex slave activist, born in Yangsan, Korea (d. 2019)
  • Apr 20 Harriet Elizabeth Byrd, American politician, Member of the Wyoming House of Representatives (1998-88), born in Cheyenne, Wyoming (d. 2015)

Person of interestElizabeth II

Apr 21 Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland, 1952- ), born in London, England

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Apr 22 James Stirling, Scottish architect, born in Glasgow (d. 1992)
  • Apr 23 J. P. Donleavy, American novelist (Ginger Man, Onion Eaters), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 24 Thorbjorn Falldin, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (1976-78, 79-82) and sheep farmer, born in Hogsjo (d. 2016)
  • Apr 25 Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (Social Democratic Party of Austria), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2008)
  • Apr 26 Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 2003)
  • Apr 27 Ernest McCulloch, Canadian stem cell research pioneer, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2011)

Person of interestHarper Lee

Apr 28 [Nelle] Harper Lee, American author (To Kill a Mockingbird), born in Monroeville Alabama (d. 2016)

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • Apr 29 Carie Meek, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • Apr 30 Edmund Cooper, British sci-fi author (Seed of Light, All Fool's Day), born in Marple, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • May 1 Peter Lax, Hungarian Mathematician
  • May 2 Gérard D. Levesque, Canadian politician, born in Port-Daniel–Gascons, Canada (d. 1993)
  • May 4 Gerlind Reinshagen, German writer, born in Konigsberg, Germany
  • May 4 Milt Thompson, American astronaut (Dynasoar, X-15), NASA test pilot and chief-engineer, born in Crookston, Minnesota (d. 1993)
  • May 6 John Hamilton-Jones, CEO (Richmond Enterprises) and British Major-General
  • May 6 Gilles Grégoire, Quebec politician (co-founder of the Parti Québécois), born in Quebec City, Quebec (d. 2006)
  • May 8 Ronald Waterhouse, British high court judge (d.2011)
  • May 9 Francis Kennedy, British diplomat
  • May 9 Joshua Hassan, chief minister (Gibralter)
  • May 9 Robin Cooke, pres (NZ Court of Appeal)
  • May 10 Duncan Watson, president (World Blind Union)
  • May 10 Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (d. 2002)
  • May 11 Ernest Harrison, CEO (Racal Electronics)
  • May 12 Earl Hutto, American politician (Rep-D-Florida, 1979-95), born in Panama City, Florida
  • May 12 Mervyn Dymally, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1981-93), born in Cedros, Trinidad and Tobago (d. 2012)
  • May 13 Wallace Breem, British author (Eagle in the Snow), born in Kingston, England (d. 1990)
  • May 13 Dewey Philip "Daddy-O", American pioneering DJ, born in Crump, Tennessee (d. 1968)
  • May 15 Anthony Shaffer, Engish playwright (Sleuth), twin brother to Peter, born in Liverpool (d. 2001)

Person of interestPeter Shaffer

May 15 Peter Shaffer, English playwright (Equus, Amadeus), twin brother to Anthony, born in Liverpool (d. 2016)

Playwright Peter Shaffer
Playwright
Peter Shaffer
  • May 17 Cicely Berry, British theatre director (Royal Shakespeare Company)
  • May 17 David Young, Lt-Gen/CEO (Cairn Tech)
  • May 17 David Ogilvy, Earl of Airlie, Scottish peer, Lord Chamberlain to Queen Elizabeth, born in London
  • May 17 Geoffrey Caston, vice chancellor (U of South Pacific)
  • May 19 Swami Kriyananda, Indian teacher and author
  • May 20 John Lucarotti, scriptwriter
  • May 21 Robert Creeley, Mass, poet/novelist (Island)
  • May 26 Phyllis Gotlieb, Canadian sci-fi novelist (Sunburst), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2009)
  • May 30 Christine Jorgensen, pioneer transsexual (born George William Jorgensen, Jr)
  • May 30 James Whitman McLamore, businessman
  • May 31 Derek Birley, founding Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ulster
  • May 31 Martin Peake, 2nd Viscount Ingleby, British peer and business man (d. 2008)

Person of interestAllen Ginsberg

Jun 3 Allen Ginsberg, American beat poet (Howl, The Fall of America) and 1960s counterculture icon, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Jun 3 Hamilton Fish Jr, (Rep-R-NY, 1969- )
  • Jun 3 Roscoe G Bartlett, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • Jun 4 Robert Earl Hughes, American man who became heaviest known human (485 kg), born in Monticello, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • Jun 6 Tom Ryan, American comic strip cartoonist (Tumbleweeds), born in Anderson, Indiana (d. 2019)
  • Jun 8 Cranley Onslow, British politician (C), born in Bexhill (d. 2001)
  • Jun 8 Nico Kiasashvii, professor of English Literature
  • Jun 10 Willem Oltmans, Dutch journalist (Outlawed, Free as a Bird)
  • Jun 11 John Aspinall, English zoo owner and gambling club host, born in Delhi, India (d. 2000)
  • Jun 13 Geoffrey Finsberg, British politician (d. 1996)
  • Jun 14 Hermann Kant, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 2016)
  • Jun 15 Shigeru Kayano, Japanese Ainu activist (d. 2006)

Person of interestEfraín Ríos Montt

Jun 16 Efraín Ríos Montt, Guatemalan general and dictator convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity, born in Huehuetenango, Guatemala (d. 2018)

Dictator and President of Guatemala Efraín Ríos Montt
Dictator and President of Guatemala
Efraín Ríos Montt
  • Jun 17 Alan Walters, British political economist (Chief Economic Adviser to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher), born in Leicester, England (d. 2009)
  • Jun 18 Patricia Hutchinson, British ambassador (Uruguay)
  • Jun 18 Tom Wicker, American columnist (covered assassination of JFK for NY Times) and author, born in Hamlet, North Carolina (d. 2011)
  • Jun 20 Arthur Bell, Director of Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew Gardens), born in Gosforth, Northumberland (d. 2006)
  • Jun 21 Louis Ottens, Dutch engineer, developed the audio cassette tape, and worked on the compact disc, born in Bellingwolde, Netherlands (d. 2021) [1]
  • Jun 25 Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian author and poet (Gott von Manhattan), born in Klagenfurt, Austria (d. 1973)
  • Jun 28 Robert Ledley, American scientist (invented the CT scanner), born in Queens, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jun 29 Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, born in Kuwait City (d. 2006)
  • Jun 29 Rex Hunt, British diplomat and Governor of the Falkland Islands (1982-1985), born in Redcar, North Yorkshire, England (d. 2012)
  • Jun 30 Paul Berg, American biochemist (development of recombinant DNA techniques, Nobel Chemistry 1980), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 1 Robert Fogel, American economic historian (Nobel Prize 1993), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Jul 1 Carl Hahn, German automotive executive (Volkswagen Group), born in Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany
  • Jul 2 Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)
  • Jul 3 Joseph M. Gaydos, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Braddock, Pennsylvania (d. 2015)
  • Jul 3 William Roll, German poltergeist researcher and parapsychologist (The Poltergeist, Unsolved Mysteries), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 2012)
  • Jul 5 Haya van Someren-Downer, Dutch politician (2nd Member of parliament (Dutch Lib Party)), born in Amsterdam (d. 1980)
  • Jul 6 Conrad "Nicky" Hilton Jr., American hotel heir and 1st husband of Elizabeth Taylor, born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1969)
  • Jul 7 Nuon Chea [Lau Kim Korn], Cambodian revolutionary and Khmer Rouge leader 'Brother Number Two', born in Battambang, Cambodia (d. 2019)
  • Jul 8 Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, Swiss-American author and psychiatrist (On Death and Dying), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 2004)
  • Jul 8 John Dingell, American politician (D-Michigan, 1955-2015), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 2019)
  • Jul 9 Ben Roy Mottelson, American-Danish physicist (Nobel 1975), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 9 Murphy Anderson, American comic artist (DC Comics), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • Jul 9 Mathilde Krim, American medical researcher and founding chairman of amfAR (Foundation for AIDS Research), born in Como, Italy (d. 2018)
  • Jul 11 Ralph D Abernathy, American president (SCLC)
  • Jul 11 Frederick Buechner, American author
  • Jul 15 John Graham, British ambassador to NATO
  • Jul 15 Driss Chraïbi, Moroccan author
  • Jul 15 Leopoldo Galtieri, Argentine dictator (d. 2003)
  • Jul 16 Brian Howard, deputy chairman (Marks & Spencer), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2005)
  • Jul 16 Philip Randle, British biochemist (Randle cycle), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 2006)
  • Jul 16 Irwin Rose, American biologist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 2004), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • Jul 18 Margaret Laurence, Canadian writer (The Stone Angel), born in Neepawa, Manitoba (d. 1987)
  • Jul 19 Max Sordam, Suriname warden and writer (Dictionary Sranantongo)
  • Jul 21 Karel Reisz, director (Everybody Wins, Isadora, Who'll Stop the Rain)
  • Jul 21 Norman Jewison, Canadian director (Moonstruck, ...and Justice For All), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Jul 21 Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general and Governor, born in Qaimganj, British India
  • Jul 22 Peter Michael Grayson, British showman, born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • Jul 23 Ludvik Vaculik, Czech writer (Two Thousand Words), born in Brumo, Zlín Region (d. 2015)
  • Jul 26 Ana María Matute, Spanish author (Fiesta al noroeste), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2014)
  • Jul 27 Peter Coker, English painter, born in London (d. 2004)
  • Jul 29 Russel Firestone, polo great (Circle F-1959 champs)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History