On This Day

October 1930 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 5 British airship crashes in storm at Beauvais, France, 48 die
  • Oct 5 Homecoming of the bodies of Swedish polar balloon expedition (1897) led by Salomon August Andrée
  • Oct 9 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls
  • Oct 10 AP votes Joe Cronin unofficial AL MVP & BWA names Hack Wilson NL MVP
  • Oct 11 Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
  • Oct 13 New German Reichstag opens with 107 NSDAP members in uniform
  • Oct 19 Jules Ladoumègue runs world record 1 km (2:23.6)
  • Oct 20 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
  • Oct 22 Blake & Razaf's "Lew Leslie's Blackbirds of 1930" premieres in NYC

BattleCoup d'état

Oct 24 A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Oct 25 1st football game in Atlantic City Convention Center
  • Oct 25 1st scheduled transcontinental air service began
  • Oct 29 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs Toronto Balmy Beach
  • Oct 30 Turkey & Greece sign a treaty of friendship

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
  • Oct 2 Dave Barrett, 26th Premier of British Columbia (1972-75), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2018)
  • Oct 5 Pavel Popovich, Ukrainian cosmonaut (Vostok IV, Soyuz 14), born in Uzyn, Kiev Oblast, Soviet Union (d. 2009)
  • Oct 5 Reinhard Selten, German economist (Nobel Prize 1994). born in Breslau, Germany (d. 2016)

Person of interestHafez al-Assad

Oct 6 Hafez al-Assad, General and President of Syria (1971-2000), born in Qardaha, Alawite State, Syria (d. 2000)

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad
General and President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad
  • Oct 10 Adlai Stevenson III, American politician (U.S. Senator from Illinois), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 10 Harold Pinter, British playwright (The Homecoming, Servant), born in London, England (d. 2008)
  • Oct 10 Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani Urdu poet, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1970)
  • Oct 11 Sam Johnson, American politician (Rep-R-Texas), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • Oct 13 Piet Clase, South African politician (Minister of Education), born in Bothaville, South Africa

Person of interestMobutu Sese Seko

Oct 14 Mobutu Sese Seko, Dictator and President of Zaire (1965-97), born in Lisala, Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1997)

President of Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko
President of Zaire
Mobutu Sese Seko
  • Oct 15 FM-2030 [Fereidoun M. Esfandiary], Iranian-American author and transhumanist (Are You a Transhuman?), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2000)
  • Oct 17 Jimmy Breslin, American author and columnist (NY Post, News, Newsday), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • Oct 17 Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
  • Oct 18 Frank C. Carlucci, National Security Adviser/Sec of Defense (1987-89), born in Scanton, Pennsyslvania (d. 2018)
  • Oct 19 Thomas ap Rees, British botanist, born in Frome, England (d. 1996)
  • Oct 21 Doreen Cannon, teacher of acting (London)
  • Oct 24 Johan Galtung, Norwegian polemologist (Meaning of Nonviolence), born in Oslo, Norway
  • Oct 24 Sultan Ahmad Shah, 7th King of Malaysia (1979-84), born in Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya (d. 2019)
  • Oct 26 John Arden, English novelist and playwright (Left Handed Liberty), born in Barnsley, England (d. 2012)
  • Oct 29 Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France (d. 2002)
  • Oct 31 Michael Collins, Mjr Gen USAF/astronaut (Gemini 10, Apollo 11), born in Rome, Italy

Deaths in History

  • Oct 3 Charles Louis Philippe Zilcken, Dutch painter and author (Bauer), dies at 73
  • Oct 5 Christopher Birdwood Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson, British military officer (b. 1875)
  • Oct 10 Adolf Engler, German botanist (b. 1844)
  • Oct 14 Sam[uel] van Houten, lib minister (Child labor laws), dies

Person of interestHerbert Henry Dow

Oct 15 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (Dow Chemical), dies from cirrhosis of the liver at 64

Chemical Industrialist Herbert Henry Dow
Chemical Industrialist
Herbert Henry Dow
  • Oct 26 Waldemar Haffkine, Ukrainian bacteriologist (1st to develop and use vaccines against cholera and bubonic plague), dies at 70