On This Day

1930 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 198 of 198

  • Jul 1 Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
  • Jul 3 US Veterans Administration created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Construction begins on Boulder (Hoover) Dam

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jul 13 David Sarnoff reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Jul 19 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould, and their polar expedition team return to the United States following the first exploration of the interior of Antarctica

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • Jul 20 106°F (41°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • Jul 21 110°F (43°C) at Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
  • Jul 21 US Veterans Administration forms
  • Jul 23 Earthquake strikes Ariano Italy, 1,500 killed
  • Jul 23 Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with HRs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th)
  • Jul 25 Philadelphia Athletics triple steal in 1st and 4th innings vs Cleveland
  • Jul 28 114°F (46°C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)
  • Jul 29 115°F (46°C), Holly Springs, Mississippi (state record)
  • Jul 29 Airship R100, 1st passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada
  • Aug 4 Child labor laws established in Belgium
  • Aug 6 Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in NYC

  • Aug 6 Remains of balloon expedition of Solamon August Andrées to North Pole in 1897, found at Kvit oya Spitsbergen
  • Aug 7 A large mob estimated at 2,000, lynch two young black men Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith in Marion, Indiana

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Aug 7 Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King loses the election to Richard Bedford Bennett of the Conservative Party

11th Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bedford Bennett
11th Prime Minister of Canada
Richard Bedford Bennett
10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • Aug 8 St Louis Cards are 12 games back in NL, & go on to win pennant
  • Aug 9 113°F (45°C) at Perryville, Tennessee (state record)
  • Aug 9 Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 sec)

InventionHistoric Invention

Aug 12 Clarence Birdseye is granted a patent for method for quick freezing food (patent US 1773079 A)

  • Aug 16 I British Empire Games open in Hamilton, Canada
  • Aug 18 Eastern Airlines begins passenger service
  • Aug 21 Prohibition of Wieringermeer finished
  • Aug 23 1st British Empire Games close in Hamilton, Canada
  • Aug 29 The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
  • Sep 1 NY World reports disappearance of supreme court justice Joseph Crater
  • Sep 2 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)
  • Sep 3 Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
  • Sep 4 Cambridge Theatre opens in London

BattleCoup d'état

Sep 6 Democratically elected Argentine president Hipólito Yrigoyen is deposed in a military coup.

Argentine President Hipólito Yrigoyen
Argentine President
Hipólito Yrigoyen
  • Sep 6 3rd Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the Letná Stadium in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • Sep 8 1st appearance of comic strip "Blondie"
  • Sep 8 NYC public schools begin teaching Hebrew

  • Sep 8 Richard Drew creates Scotch tape
  • Sep 10 Charles E Mitchell, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 11 Stromboli volcano (Sicily) throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles
  • Sep 14 Nazis gain 107 seats in German election
  • Sep 15 1st international bridge match is held in London. US team defeats England
  • Sep 18 Philadelphia A's win AL championship for 2nd year in a row
  • Sep 20 Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
  • Sep 21 Johann Ostermeyer patents flashbulb
  • Sep 25 Austrian government of Vaugoin forms
  • Sep 25 Zoe Akins' "Greeks Had a Word for it" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 29 1st Canadian football game played under lights, Hamilton-UBC
  • Sep 29 Boquerón battle ends Paraguay border dispute
  • Sep 29 NYC College offers 1st course in radio advertising
  • Oct 5 British airship crashes in storm at Beauvais, France, 48 die
  • Oct 5 Homecoming of the bodies of Swedish polar balloon expedition (1897) led by Salomon August Andrée
  • Oct 9 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls
  • Oct 11 Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
  • Oct 13 New German Reichstag opens with 107 NSDAP members in uniform
  • Oct 19 Jules Ladoumègue runs world record 1 km (2:23.6)
  • Oct 20 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
  • Oct 22 Blake & Razaf's "Lew Leslie's Blackbirds of 1930" premieres in NYC

BattleCoup d'état

Oct 24 A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Oct 25 1st football game in Atlantic City Convention Center
  • Oct 25 1st scheduled transcontinental air service began
  • Oct 29 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs Toronto Balmy Beach
  • Oct 30 Turkey & Greece sign a treaty of friendship

CrownRoyal Coronation

Nov 2 Coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as Haile Selassie I, 225th Emperor of Ethiopian Solmonic Dynasty

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • Nov 3 First vehicular tunnel to a foreign country (Detroit-Windsor) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 3 Bank of Italy renamed Bank of America

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • Nov 3 Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.
  • Nov 5 Nobel for literature awarded to Sinclair Lewis for "Babbitt"
  • Nov 8 Friedrich Wolf's "Die Matrosen von Cattaro" premieres in Berlin
  • Nov 9 1st nonstop airplane flight from NY to Panama

InventionHistoric Invention

Nov 11 Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention of the Einstein refrigerator

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
Physicist and Inventor Leó Szilárd
Physicist and Inventor
Leó Szilárd
  • Nov 13 WA Drake's "Grand Hotel" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 18 Sōka Kyōiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai, is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda.
  • Nov 22 1st Irish Sweepstake run
  • Nov 22 1st US football game broadcast to England (Harvard 13, Yale 0)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad
  • Nov 23 NY Giant Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a TD from a scrimmage
  • Nov 24 Ruth Nichols sets women's transcontinental air flight record (Mineola, NY to California), in a Lockheed-Vega
  • Nov 25 Ito, Japan records 690 earthquake shocks in 1 day
  • Dec 3 Airborn chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley, Belgium)
  • Dec 3 Otto Ender forms Austrian government
  • Dec 4 Vatican approves rhythm method for birth control
  • Dec 8 Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway NYC
  • Dec 10 Indian Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman is presented with the Nobel Prize for Physics for work on light scattering - first Asian and non-white to win a Science Nobel

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 German chemist Hans Fischer is awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on haemin

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • Dec 11 Bank of the United States closes in New York City
  • Dec 12 Start of the 1st Australia v West Indies Test (at Adelaide)
  • Dec 13 French government of André Tardieu falls for the second time
  • Dec 13 Theodore Steeg forms French government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 19 James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Dec 22 Convention of Economic Rapprochement/Oslo Agreesments signed between some European countries in response to the Great Depression
  • Dec 23 Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation started in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24 Sukarno sentenced to four years in prison by Indonesian authorities in Bandung, Dutch East Indies

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Dec 24 F Garcia Lorca's "La Zapatera Prodigiosa" premieres in Madrid
  • Dec 25 Slinger Nitschke scores 142 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,422
  • Dec 25 Tasmania all out 280, WI 2-139 at Hobart Crowd 2,500
  • Dec 29 Fred P. Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minnesota, to New Orleans
  • Dec 31 Pontifical encyclical Casti connubii against mixed marriages
  • Dec 31 US tobacco industry produced 123 billion cigarettes in 1930

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 334

  • May 4 Katherine Jackson [Kattie B Screws], American matriarch of the Jackson family, born in Clayton, Alabama
  • May 5 Michael J. Adams, USAF pilot (X-15), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1967)
  • May 7 Totie Fields [Sophie Feldman], American comedienne, born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1978)
  • May 8 Alex L. Shigo, Duquesne Pennsylvania, American Biologist and Plant Pathologist known for his study of tree decay and contributions to modern arboricultural practices
  • May 10 June Knox-Mawer, British radio host/novelist (World of Islands)
  • May 10 Scott Muni, American radio DJ (d. 2004)
  • May 11 Edward Kamau Brathwaite, Caribbean poet (Born to Slow Horses) and academic, born in Bridgetown, Barbados (d. 2020)
  • May 11 M J Hamlin, Principal/Vice-Chancellor (Dundee University)
  • May 11 Stanley L Elkin, American writer/professor (Living End), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • May 11 Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist (d. 2002)
  • May 11 Bud Ekins, American stuntman (d. 2007)
  • May 11 William Carey, American businessman and philanthropist (W.P. Carey & Co. LLC), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2012)
  • May 13 Mike Gravel, (Sen-R-Alaska)
  • May 13 Vernon Shaw, former president of Dominica
  • May 14 Edward V "Ned" Regan, Planfield NJ, (Controller-R-NY, 1978- )
  • May 14 Phillipo Seed, social work academic
  • May 15 Jasper Johns, painter/sculptor (Green Target), born in Augusta, Georgia
  • May 16 Desmond Langley, British army officer and Governor of Bermuda, born in London (d. 2008)
  • May 16 Don Conicannon, government minister
  • May 18 Barbara Goldsmith, American author (Little Gloria Happy At Last), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • May 18 Don Leslie Lind, American astronaut (STS 51-B), born in Midvale, Utah
  • May 18 Fred[erick Thomas] Saberhagen, American sci-fi author (Book of Swords)
  • May 18 Geoffrey Littler, CEO (County NatWest Group)
  • May 18 Warren B Rudman, (Sen-R-NH, 1980- )
  • May 19 Lorraine Hansberry, playwright (Raisin in the Sun)
  • May 20 Robert Bunyard, Commandant (British Police Staff College)
  • May 21 David Smith, principal/vice chancellor (Edinburgh University)

Person of interestMalcolm Fraser

May 21 Malcolm Fraser, Prime Minister of Australia (Liberal, 1975-83), born in Toorak, Victoria

Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser
Prime Minister of Australia
Malcolm Fraser
  • May 21 Stanley Wells, English scholar of Shakespeare (Shakespeare Institute U of Birmingham), born in Hull, England
  • May 22 Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta, Dutch politician (State Secretary for the Interior 1986-94), born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 2008)

Person of interestHarvey Milk

May 22 Harvey Milk, American politician and gay activist, born in Woodmere, New York (d. 1978)

American Politician Harvey Milk
American Politician
Harvey Milk
  • May 22 Marisol (Maria Sol) Escobar, Venezuelan sculptor, born in Paris, France (d. 2016)
  • May 22 LaSalle Leffall Jr., American surgeon, medical educator, and 1st black president of the American Cancer Society (1978), and the American College of Surgeons (1995), born in Tallahassee, Florida (d. 2019)
  • May 23 Richard Anuszkiewicz, American artist 'new wizard of op', born in Erie, Pennsylvania (d. 2020)
  • May 23 Friedrich Achleitner, German poet
  • May 24 Ivor Richardson, New Zealand judge (NZ Court of Appeals), born in Ashburton, New Zealand (d. 2014)
  • May 25 Sonia Rykiel, French fashion designer, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • May 27 John Barth, novelist (Sot-Weed Factor)
  • May 27 William S. Sessions, American director of FBI (1987-93), born in Fort Smith, Arkansas (d. 2020)
  • May 28 Edward Seaga, PM (Jamaica)
  • May 30 Mark Birley, British nightclub owner (d. 2007)
  • May 30 Robert Ryman, American painter
  • May 31 William Taylor, British Chairman of Convocation (London University)
  • Jun 1 John Lemmon, English logician (d. 1966)
  • Jun 2 Charles Pete Conrad Jr, USN/astro (Gem 5 11, Ap 12, Skylab 2), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 3 Marion Zimmer Bradley, American sci-fi author (Storm Queen), born in Albany, New York
  • Jun 5 Robert Buchanan, founder (Center for History of Tech Bath University)
  • Jun 5 Roger W Suddards, solicitor
  • Jun 5 Alifa Rifaat, Egyptian writer (d. 1996)
  • Jun 8 Bo Gunnar Widerberg, Swedish director (Elvira Madigan), born in Malmö, Sweden (d. 1997)
  • Jun 8 Michael Codron, British theatrical producer, born in London
  • Jun 8 Robert Aumann, German-Israeli mathematician (The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • Jun 8 Marcel Léger, Canadian politician, born in Montreal (d. 1993)
  • Jun 9 Lin Carter, American sci-fi author (Thongor of Lemuria), born in St. Petersburg, Florida
  • Jun 9 Ragnhild Alexandra [Princess Ragnhild, Mrs Lorentzen], Norwegian princess, born in the Royal Palace, Oslo, Norway (d. 2012)
  • Jun 11 Anatoli Voronov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 12a backup), born in Orenburg Oblast, Russia (d. 1993)
  • Jun 11 Charles Rangel, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1971-2017), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 12 Barbara Harris, 1st US Episcopal female bishop, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2020)
  • Jun 12 Hans Koetsier, Dutch sculptor artist (KLM-Schiphol), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • Jun 13 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2004)
  • Jun 14 Charles McCarry, American author and former CIA spy (The Tears of Autumn), born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts (d. 2019)
  • Jun 16 David Konstant, bishop (Leeds)
  • Jun 19 Bryan Kneale, British sculptor
  • Jun 20 John Waine, bishop (Chelmsford)
  • Jun 20 Magdalena Abakanowicz, Polish artist
  • Jun 21 Gerald Kaufman, British Labour MP, born in Leeds (d. 2017)
  • Jun 21 Patricia Lindop, British radiobiologist and physician, born in Brentford, Middlesex (d. 2018)
  • Jun 21 Peter Marshall, police commissioner (London), born in London
  • Jun 23 Donn Fulton Eisele, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 7), born in Columbus, Ohio
  • Jun 24 Herbert C Klien, (Rep-D-New Jersey)
  • Jun 24 William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (d. 2006)
  • Jun 25 Hugo Gabriel Gryn, British Reform rabbi, born in Berehovo, Czechoslovakia (d. 1996)

Person of interestRoss Perot

Jun 27 Ross Perot, American businessman (Electronic Data Systems, Perot Systems), billionaire and presidential candidate (1992, 1996), born in Texarkana, Texas (d. 2019)

Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate Ross Perot
Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate
Ross Perot
  • Jun 28 Itamar Franco, 33rd President of Brazil (1992-94), born in Brazilian territorial waters, Atlantic Ocean (d. 2011)
  • Jun 30 Thomas Sowell, American economist and social theorist, born in Gastonia, North Carolina
  • Jul 1 Andreas JAI Bruggeman, Dutch mayor (Schipluiden/Leiderdorp)
  • Jul 1 Margaret A. Brewer, American soldier and first female General officer in US Marine Corps, born in Durand, Michigan (d. 2013)
  • Jul 2 Carlos Saul Menem, President of Argentina (1989- )
  • Jul 4 Yury Tyukalov, Soviet rower (Olympic 1952,56 Gold), born in Leningrad, Russia (d. 2018)
  • Jul 6 Françoise Mallet-Joris, Belgian writer (Signs & Wonders), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 2016)
  • Jul 6 Hans-Jürgen Heise, German writer, born in Bublitz (d. 2013)
  • Jul 8 Valeri Aleksandrovich Yazdovsky, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jul 11 Harold Bloom, American literary critic, born in the Bronx, New York (d. 2019)
  • Jul 15 Charles Kelly, chief constable (Staffordshire England)
  • Jul 15 Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (d. 2004)
  • Jul 15 Stephen Smale, American mathematician
  • Jul 16 Michael Bilirakis, American politician, Republican U.S. House of Representatives from Florida, born in Tarpon Springs, Florida
  • Jul 20 Yuri Petrovich Artyukin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 14)
  • Jul 24 Boris Nikolayevich Belousov, Soviet cosmonaut, born in Khotimsk, Mogilyov Oblast (d. 1998)
  • Jul 24 Charles Hambro, English banker, multi-millionaire and CEO (Hambros) (d. 2002)
  • Jul 25 Alice Parizeau, Polish-born Quebec writer and essayist, born in Łuniniec, Poland (d. 1990)
  • Jul 26 Sarah A. Oppenheim-Barnes, Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes, British Conservative politician, born in Dublin
  • Jul 27 Ronald Dearing, British civil servant and chairman (British Post Office), born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • Jul 27 Shirley Williams, British politician (Social Democratic Party), born in London
  • Jul 28 Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (Boule et Bill), born in Schaerbeek, Belgium (d. 2006)
  • Jul 31 Oleg Popov, Russian clown and circus artist, born in Vyrubovo, Moscow (d. 2016)
  • Aug 1 Károly Grósz, Hungarian communist politician, born in Miskolc, Hungary (d. 1996)
  • Aug 1 Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist and anthropologist, born in Denguin, France (d. 2002)
  • Aug 1 Jerry Frankel, American Broadway producer, born in Queens, New York (d. 2018)
  • Aug 2 Ron de Lugo, American politician (Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from the U.S. Virgin Islands' at-large district 1981-95), born in Englewood, New Jersey

Weddings in History


Deaths in History