On This Day

1931 in History

Events in History


InventionHistoric Invention

Jan 6 Thomas Edison submits his last patent application

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 7 Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast.
  • Jan 22 French government of Steeg falls
  • Jan 22 Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia
  • Jan 26 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • Jan 26 Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 31 Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 2 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students
  • Feb 2 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 3 Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of journalist H. L. Mencken, after he calls the state the "apex of moronia"

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken

New ZealandHawke's Bay Earthquake

Feb 3 New Zealand's worst natural disaster, the Hawke's Bay earthquake, kills 256 and injures thousands, devastating Napier and the Hawke's Bay region

Learn More
The Hastings post office damaged after the 1931 earthquake
The Hastings post office damaged after the 1931 earthquake
Learn More
  • Feb 5 Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st US women to earn a glider pilot license
  • Feb 8 Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000
  • Feb 10 New Delhi becomes the capital of India
  • Feb 12 Vatican Radio begins broadcasting with the callsign HVJ
  • Feb 14 Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls

  • Feb 16 Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud becomes President of Finland
  • Feb 17 Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
  • Feb 20 Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
  • Feb 21 Alka Seltzer introduced
  • Feb 28 British politician Oswald Mosley founds the New Party
  • Mar 4 West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 5 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 10 Oswald Mosley leaves British Labour party and founds the "New Party"
  • Mar 11 Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union
  • Mar 16 Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Netherlands)
  • Mar 18 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)
  • Mar 18 Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • Mar 19 Nevada legalizes gambling
  • Mar 20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • Mar 21 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland

BattleExecution

Mar 23 Indian independence fighters Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar are hung after conducting an assassination and a bombing. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 25 Scottsboro Boys arrested in Alabama, accused of raping a white woman
  • Mar 26 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • Mar 26 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • Mar 26 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies

  • Mar 31 Brilliant Notre Dame football coach Knute Rockne (43) is killed with 7 others when light plane crashes on trip from Kansas City to Los Angeles; record 105-12-5 @ .881 remains best ever
  • Apr 1 Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
  • Apr 6 1st Scottsboro (Alabama) trial begins - 9 blacks accused of rape
  • Apr 7 Seals Stadium opens in San Francisco
  • Apr 8 "White Horse Inn" opens in London
  • Apr 12 Spanish voters reject the monarchy
  • Apr 14 Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • Apr 15 1st backwards walk across American begins
  • Apr 22 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • Apr 27 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
  • May 1 Empire State Building opens in New York City
  • May 1 Norway claims Peter I Island
  • May 4 Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
  • May 8 Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London
  • May 11 Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails, beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
  • May 13 Paul Doumer elected president of France
  • May 14 Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

May 15 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • May 19 Cruiser Deutschland launched in Kiel
  • May 21 Belgian government of Jaspar falls
  • May 22 Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
  • May 23 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • May 24 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
  • May 27 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplane at Langley Field, Virginia
  • May 27 Swiss Auguste Piccard and Paul Kipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon from Augsburg, Germany
  • May 31 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
  • Jun 5 Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
  • Jun 8 Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo

InventionHistoric Invention

Jun 9 First rocket-powered aircraft design patented by Robert Goddard

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jun 10 Norway occupies East Greenland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Jun 14 French "St Philbert" overturns off St Nazaire France, drowns 450

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 Reinhard Heydrich's first meeting with Heinrich Himmler

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Jun 15 Poland and USSR sign friendship and trade treaty
  • Jun 16 Austrian government of Ender falls
  • Jun 19 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven, Connecticut
  • Jun 20 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • Jun 22 RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Wiley Post and Harold Catty take off for a flight around the world

Aviator Wiley Post
Aviator
Wiley Post
  • Jun 24 USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • Jun 29 109°F (43°C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • Jul 1 Ice vending machines introduced in Los Angeles 25 lbs, 15 cents
  • Jul 1 Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 US President Herbert Hoover places a one year moratorium on war debt payments

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jul 4 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • Jul 4 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • Jul 18 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • Jul 21 Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering
  • Jul 23 Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • Jul 24 George Gunn gets 183 and son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings
  • Jul 24 A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
  • Jul 27 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • Jul 27 Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota destroyed thousands of acres of crops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • Aug 2 Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • Aug 12 Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • Aug 15 Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • Aug 15 Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst secretary
  • Aug 19 Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game
  • Aug 23 Count Gyula Károlyi becomes premier of Hungary
  • Aug 23 Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
  • Aug 24 France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty
  • Sep 10 Lord Cecil of British government says War was never so improbable

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 304

  • Jan 1 Siddig El Nigoumi, ceramicist
  • Jan 2 Toshiki Kaifu, premier of Japan (1989-91)
  • Jan 4 Adi Lady Lala Mara, First Lady of Fiji (d. 2004)
  • Jan 4 Sir William Deane, Governor-General of Australia 1996-2001
  • Jan 5 Joan Coxsedge, Australian politician, born in Ballarat, Australia
  • Jan 6 E. L. Doctorow, American author (Ragtime, Billy Bathgate), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2015)
  • Jan 7 Mack Mattingly, American diplomat and politician (Sen-R-Georgia, 1981-86), born in Anderson, Indiana
  • Jan 9 Algis Budrys, Lithuanian-American sci-fi author (Man of Earth), born in Kaliningrad, Russia (d. 2008)
  • Jan 10 Alex Boraine, South Africa politician, born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • Jan 10 Ron Galella, American celebrity photographer (sued by Jackie O), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 10 Peter Barnes, English writer, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • Jan 11 Betty Churcher, director of the National Gallery of Australia
  • Jan 14 Frank Costigan, Australian lawyer, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2009)
  • Jan 15 Derek Meddings, British special effects technician, born in St. Pancras, London (d. 1995)
  • Jan 16 Johannes Rau, German politician, born in Wuppertal, Germany (d. 2006)
  • Jan 17 Douglas Wilder, American politician, Governor of Virginia (1990-94), 1st African American Governor since Reconstruction, born in Richmond, Virginia
  • Jan 19 Ron Packard, (Rep-R-CA, 1983- )
  • Jan 20 Sawako Ariyoshi, Japanese writer (Compound Pollution, Doctor's Wife), born in Wakayama, Japan (d. 1984)
  • Jan 25 Paavo Haavikko, Finnish poet & writer, born in Helsiniki, Finland (d. 2008)
  • Jan 27 Mordecai Richler, Montreal author, (Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz)
  • Jan 27 Nigel Vinson, British Lord and inventor, born in Kent, England
  • Jan 27 Ronald "Buster" Edwards, British Great Train Robber turned flower-seller, born in London (d. 1994)
  • Jan 28 Timothy Kitson, British politician
  • Jan 30 Shirley Hazzard, Australian-born author (Transit of Venus), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2016)
  • Jan 30 Stewart McKinney, American politician (Rep-R-CT, 1971- ), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
  • Jan 30 John Crosbie, Canadian politician, born in St. John's, Canada (d. 2020)
  • Jan 30 Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author, born in Buffalo, New York
  • Jan 31 Jean Burroughs, educationalist
  • Jan 31 Nicholas Gordon Lennox, diplomat

Person of interestBoris Yeltsin

Feb 1 Boris Yeltsin, Russian politician and President of Russian Federation (1991-1999), born in Butka, Sverdlovsk, (d. 2007)

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • Feb 1 Mark Richmond, CEO (Science & Engineering Research Council)
  • Feb 2 Dries van Agt, Dutch Prime Minister (CDA, 1977-82), born in Geldrop, Netherlands
  • Feb 2 Judith Viorst, American author
  • Feb 4 Isabel Martínez de Perón [Maria Martinez], wife of Juan Perón and President of Argentina (1974-76), born in La Rioja, Argentina
  • Feb 9 Robert Morris, American sculptor and painter, born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Feb 10 Thomas Bernhard, Austrian novelist, playwright and poet whose work some describe as "the most significant literary achievement since World War II", born in Heerlen, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • Feb 12 Constance A Morella, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • Feb 12 Janwillem van de Wetering, Dutch author
  • Feb 15 W K Reid, British ombudsman
  • Feb 16 Alfred Kolleritsch, Austrian writer, born in Eichfeld
  • Feb 16 George E Sangmeister, (Rep-D-Illinois)
  • Feb 18 Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (B.C., Wizard of Id), born in Endicott, New York (d. 2007)
  • Feb 18 Maxwell Thurman, American General
  • Feb 18 Swraj Paul, Indian/British industrial/multi-millionaire (Caparo)

Person of interestToni Morrison

Feb 18 Toni Morrison [Chloe Anthony Wofford], American writer (Tar Baby, Beloved, Song of Solomon), first African American woman to win a Nobel Prize (2010), born in Lorain, Ohio (d. 2019)

  • Feb 23 Tom Wesselmann, American collage artist and sculptor (Great American Nudes) (d. 2004)
  • Feb 24 Inge Bernstein, British judge
  • Feb 24 Lev Vasilyevich Vorobyov, Russian cosmonaut
  • Feb 24 Maezumi Hakuyu Taizan Koun, teacher Rinzai/Soto lines of Zen Buddhism
  • Feb 24 Marta Marzotto, Italian countess and designer, born in Reggio Emilia (d. 2016)
  • Feb 25 Edward Kellett-Bowman, British MEP
  • Feb 25 J R Stephenson, Lt-col/secretary (MCC)
  • Feb 27 Andrew Sloan, Chief Constable (Strathcourt)
  • Feb 28 Gustav Thoni, Italian skier (World Cup-1971, 72, 73, 75)
  • Feb 28 Jack Thieuloy, French writer, born in Beaucaire (d. 1996)
  • Feb 28 Iajuddin Ahmed, Bikrampur, British Raj, President (Bangladesh, 2002-2009), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 2 Duane Graveline, doctor and astronaut, born in Newport Vermont (d. 2016)

Person of interestMikhail Gorbachev

Mar 2 Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91), born in Stavropol, Russia

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Mar 2 Tom Wolfe, American journalist and author (The Right Stuff), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2018)
  • Mar 3 Henk Knol, Dutch 2nd chamber member (PvdA)
  • Mar 3 Piet [van] Bambergen, Dutch cabaretier (Mounties, Sherlock Jones)
  • Mar 4 Han Jansen, Dutch painter (d. 1994)
  • Mar 4 Alice Rivlin, American economist
  • Mar 5 Fred Othon Aristidès, French comics artist
  • Mar 6 David Haddon Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack)
  • Mar 6 Hal Needham, American stuntman, (d. 2013)
  • Mar 7 Cornelis T "Cor" van de Molen, Dutch journalist (Beehive)
  • Mar 8 John McPhee, author (Back to ----)
  • Mar 8 Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)
  • Mar 9 Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer, born in Hallstahammar, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • Mar 11 Peter Walters, CEO (Midland Bank)
  • Mar 12 Geoffrey de Bellaigue, director (Royal Collection)
  • Mar 12 Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder
  • Mar 13 Marc Dessauvage, Belgian architect, born in Moorslede, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • Mar 16 Don Richard Carpenter, American writer (Hard Rain Falling), born in Berkeley, California (d. 1995)
  • Mar 17 David Peakall, British scientist (d. 2001)
  • Mar 18 Howard Coble, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1985-2015), born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • Mar 18 Jürgen Schadeberg, German-born South African photographer who photographed apartheid struggle, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2020)
  • Mar 20 John Rae, British educator (Conscience & Politics)
  • Mar 21 Ivan William Hannaford, sociologist
  • Mar 22 Igor Hajek, Czech translator and writer, born in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • Mar 22 Leslie Thomas, Welsh writer (The Virgin Soldiers), born in Newport (d. 2014)
  • Mar 23 Norman F Lent, (Rep-R-NY, 1971- 93), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 27 Bob Bauman, CEO (British Aerospace)
  • Mar 29 Evelyn de Rothschild, English banker and multi-millionaire, born in Westminster, London
  • Mar 29 James Weatherhead, moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland), born in Dundee (d. 2017)
  • Mar 29 Norman Tebbit, British Conservative party politician, cabinet minister and life peer, born in Ponders End, England
  • Mar 29 Sylvia Law, British town planner (President of the Royal Town Planning Institute), born in Southport, Lancashire
  • Mar 30 Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut
  • Apr 1 Rolf Hochhuth, German playwright (Der Stellvertreter), born in Eschwege, Germany (d. 2020)
  • Apr 1 Charles Price, American Businessman and diplomat, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2012)
  • Apr 3 Tom Collins, Canadian ice skating promoter (Champions on Ice), born in Kirkland Lake, Ontario (d. 2019)
  • Apr 4 Denis Frank Owen, British ecologist and natural historian, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Apr 4 Harold Volkmer, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri, born in Jefferson City, Missouri (d. 2011)
  • Apr 4 Bobby Ray Inman, American admiral and intelligence director, born in Rhonesboro, Texas
  • Apr 5 Denis Lawton, director (London University Institute of Educ)
  • Apr 7 Daniel Ellsberg, whistleblower (Pentagon Papers)/patriot
  • Apr 7 Donald Barthelme, American writer (Snow White, Sadness), born in Philadelphia, Pa (d. 1989)
  • Apr 9 Martin Rogers, director (Farmington Institute for Christian Studies)
  • Apr 9 Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (26th Premier of New Brunswick), born in Hartland, New Brunswick (d. 1991)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 7 American aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart (33) weds publisher George Palmer Putnam (43) in Noank, Connecticut

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 4 Irish writer (Ulysses) James Joyce and Nora Barnacle finally marry in London registry office after meeting in 1904.

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce

LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 22 FBI agent Melvin Purvis (27) weds childhood sweetheart Marie Rosanne Willcox at St. John's Episcopal Church in Florence, South Carolina

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
  • Sep 26 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg marries Freiin Nina von Lerchenfeld

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 19 Propagandist Joseph Goebbels (34) weds Magda Ritschel (30) at Günther Quandt's farm in Mecklenburg, Germany

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 26 SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich marries Lina von Osten

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist & botanist (1st to coin the name virus), dies at 79
  • Jan 3 Joseph J C Joffre, French marshal, dies at 78
  • Jan 9 Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer], French writer (La fille perdue), dies at 62
  • Jan 11 James Milton Carroll, American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, and author (b. 1852)
  • Jan 14 William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies
  • Feb 2 Theodor Batthynyi, Hungarian contra-revolutionary, dies at 71
  • Feb 3 Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72
  • Feb 11 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76
  • Feb 12 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • Feb 18 Milan Šufflay, Croatian historian and politician, dies at 51
  • Feb 26 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
  • Feb 27 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), dies at 24
  • Mar 5 Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted and imprisoned for ritualist activities, dies ta 91
  • Mar 7 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter, dies at 65
  • Mar 7 Theo van Doesburg [Christian Emil Marie Küpper], Dutch painter and architect, dies at 47
  • Mar 20 Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)

BattleBhagat Singh

Mar 23 Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter, hanged at 23

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 25 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, American journalist and civil rights activist, dies at 68
  • Mar 27 Arnold Bennett, English novelist (Anna of the Five Towns), dies at 63
  • Mar 31 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), dies at 67

Person of interestAndré Michelin

Apr 4 Andre Michelin, French industrialist, tire manufacturer and publisher of the Michelin Guide, dies of respiratory failure at 78

Industrialist and Publisher André Michelin
Industrialist and Publisher
André Michelin
  • Apr 8 Eric Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature 1931), dies at 66
  • Apr 10 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • Apr 16 Rachel Bluwstein, Hebrew poet, dies of tuberculosis at 40
  • May 9 A[lbert] A[braham] Michelson, American physicist (1907 Nobel), dies at 78
  • May 14 David Belasco, American theatrical producer (b. 1853)
  • May 14 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter, dies at 44
  • May 17 Johan [Eliza J] de Master, art critic/writer, dies
  • May 17 Timothy Cole, American wood engraver, dies at about 71
  • May 31 Felix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, French Canadian cardinal, archbishop of Quebec (b. 1866)
  • Jun 4 Ibn Ali Hussein, King of Hejaz, dies
  • Jun 13 Shibasaburo Kitasato, Japanese physician (b. 1851)
  • Jun 22 Armand Fallières, French president (1906-13), dies at 89
  • Jun 29 Nérée Beauchemin, Quebec poet (b. 1850)

Person of interestAlice Mary Robertson

Jul 1 Alice Mary Robertson, American educator, social worker and 2nd woman in US Congress, dies at 77

2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator Alice Mary Robertson
2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator
Alice Mary Robertson
  • Jul 2 Stephen Babcock, American agricultural chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • Jul 4 Emanuele F duke of Aosta, Italian WW I-general/fascist, dies at 62
  • Jul 4 Hussein ibn-Ali, sjarif Mecca/king/kalief of Hedzjaz (1917-24), dies
  • Jul 15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician 9Poisson distribution) and economist (b. 1868)
  • Jul 16 Alice Pike Barney, American painter, dies at 74
  • Jul 18 Oskar Minkowski, German Biologist (pancreas and diabetes), dies at 73
  • Jul 24 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, dies at 75
  • Jul 27 Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (b. 1848)

Person of interestDaniel Williams

Aug 4 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, dies at 73

Heart Surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart Surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Aug 19 Aristides Agramonte y Simoni, Cuban-American Physician, Pathologist and Bacteriologist (yellow fever), dies at 63
  • Aug 27 Willem Hubert Nolens, Dutch priest and ambassador to Vatican, dies at 70
  • Aug 27 Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and writer (My Life & Loves), dies at 75
  • Aug 27 Francis Marion Smith, American borax magnate (b. 1846)
  • Aug 28 Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician, dies at 74
  • Aug 29 David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder, dies at 64
  • Aug 31 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar, dies
  • Sep 9 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist dies at 86
  • Sep 10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
  • Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, dies at 63

Person of interestLili Elbe

Sep 13 Lili Elbe [born Einar Wegener], Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), dies from complications involving a uterus transplant at 48

Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery Lili Elbe
Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery
Lili Elbe
  • Sep 18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • Oct 7 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), dies at 81
  • Oct 7 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, dies at 65
  • Oct 8 Sir John Monash, Australian soldier general (b. 1865)
  • Oct 10 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, dies at 84
  • Oct 13 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)
  • Oct 17 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, dies at 47

Person of interestThomas Edison

Oct 18 Thomas Edison, American inventor (lightbulb, phonograph, motion picture camera), dies at 84

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Oct 21 A Schnitzler, writer, dies at 69
  • Nov 2 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), dies of cancer at 47
  • Nov 3 Rudolf Wilhelm Canne, Fries playwright (Peaske), dies at 60
  • Nov 11 Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (b. 1840)
  • Nov 15 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, dies at 68
  • Nov 17 John Paulus Lotsy, Dutch botanist and geneticist (Resumptio Genetics), dies at 64
  • Nov 17 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, dies at 77
  • Nov 19 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (b. 1897)
  • Dec 5 Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
  • Dec 10 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Six Chansons), dies at 69
  • Dec 13 Gustave le Bon, French psychologist (b. 1840)
  • Dec 16 Gustave J Waffelaert, Flemish theologist and bishop of Bruges, dies at 82
  • Dec 18 Jack "Legs" Diamond, American gangster and bootlegger, murdered at 34
  • Dec 23 Wilson Bentley, American scientist (b. 1865)
  • Dec 26 Melvil Dewey, American librarian and educator (created Dewey Decimal System for libraries), dies at 80