July 1931 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
  • Jul 1 Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 US President Herbert Hoover places a one year moratorium on war debt payments

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jul 4 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • Jul 4 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • Jul 18 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • Jul 21 Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering
  • Jul 23 Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • Jul 24 George Gunn gets 183 and son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Jul 24 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • Jul 24 A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
  • Jul 27 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • Jul 27 Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota destroyed thousands of acres of crops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 1 Leslie Caron, French-American actress (Gigi, Father Goose), born in Boulogne-Biliancourt, Seine
  • Jul 3 Andres Burnier, [Catharina Dessaur], criminologist/author (Jongensuur)
  • Jul 5 James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, criminal
  • Jul 6 Jean Campeau, French Canadian businessman and politician
  • Jul 6 Emily Nasrallah, Lebanese writer and women's rights activist (Birds of September, A Cat’s Diary), born in Kfeir, Lebanon (d. 2018)
  • Jul 7 David Eddings, American sci-fi author (Belgariad, Malloreon)
  • Jul 10 Alice Munro, Canadian author (Dance of the Happy Shades) and Nobel laureate 2013, born in Wingham, Ontario, Canada
  • Jul 10 Del Insko, harness racer (toothpick in mouth, 1969 money leader), born in Amboy, Minnesota
  • Jul 10 Julian May, American sci-fi author (Golden Torc, Magnificat), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Jul 11 Hans Klein, politician
  • Jul 11 Herman de Vries, Dutch sculptor
  • Jul 11 Tullio Regge, Italian physicist
  • Jul 12 J. Bob Traxler, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in Kawkawlin, Michigan
  • Jul 12 Lord Clinton, English large landowner and multi-millionaire
  • Jul 14 Donald Eugene Webb, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jul 15 Clive Cussler, Aurora Illinois, American writer (Raise The Titanic, Sahara)
  • Jul 15 Eugene Louw, South African minister of Internal affairs
  • Jul 16 Lady Caroline Blackwood, British journalist and writer (The Last of the Duchess), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Jul 18 "Papa" Dee Allen, American percussionist (War-World is a Ghetto), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1988)

Person of interestMarina Popovich

Jul 20 Marina Popovich, Soviet Air Force colonel, engineer and test pilot (102 world records), born in Leonenki, Smolensk Oblast, USSR, birth date uncertain (d. 2017)

  • Jul 22 Charles Huxtable, General commander (English ground armies)
  • Jul 23 Jan Torell, Limhamm Sweden, director (New Land, Emigrants)
  • Jul 23 Richard Searby, Australian lawyer and deputy-chairman (News Corp Ltd-Australia)
  • Jul 23 Te Atairangikaahu, Māori Queen for 40 years, born in Waahi Marae, Huntly, New Zealand (d. 2006)
  • Jul 25 Kees [Cornelis Pieter] van Dijk, Dutch minister of the Interior, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2008)
  • Jul 27 Khieu Samphan, Cambodian communist politician, born in Rumduol, Svay Rieng, French Protectorate of Cambodia

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 4 Irish writer (Ulysses) James Joyce and Nora Barnacle finally marry in London registry office after meeting in 1904.

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce

Deaths in History


Person of interestAlice Mary Robertson

Jul 1 Alice Mary Robertson, American educator, social worker and 2nd woman in US Congress, dies at 77

2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator Alice Mary Robertson
2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator
Alice Mary Robertson
  • Jul 2 Stephen Babcock, American Agricultural Chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • Jul 4 Emanuele F duke of Aosta, Italian WW I-general/fascist, dies at 62
  • Jul 4 Hussein ibn-Ali, sjarif Mecca/king/kalief of Hedzjaz (1917-24), dies
  • Jul 15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian economist (b. 1868)
  • Jul 16 Alice Pike Barney, American painter, dies at 74
  • Jul 18 Oskar Minkowski, German Biologist (pancreas and diabetes), dies at 73
  • Jul 24 Marie WF Treub, Dutch economist/minister of finance, dies at 75
  • Jul 27 Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (b. 1848)