May 1931 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Empire State Building opens in New York City
  • May 1 Norway claims Peter I Island
  • May 4 Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
  • May 8 Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London
  • May 11 Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails, beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
  • May 13 Paul Doumer elected president of France
  • May 14 Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration
  • May 15 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno
  • May 19 Cruiser Deutschland launched in Kiel
  • May 21 Belgian government of Jaspar falls
  • May 22 Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
  • May 23 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • May 24 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
  • May 27 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplane at Langley Field, Virginia
  • May 27 Swiss Auguste Piccard and Paul Kipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon from Augsburg, Germany
  • May 31 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.

Birthdays in History

  • May 3 Joe Layton, American director and choreographer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1994)
  • May 3 Thomas Sutherland, American hostage (Lebanon) and academic, born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 2016)
  • May 4 Thomas Stuttaford, British doctor and medical columnist (The Times), born in Norfolk, England
  • May 5 Greg, Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon) (d, 1999)
  • May 6 Marvin Leath, (Rep-D-TX, 1979- )
  • May 7 Gene Wolfe, American sci-fi author (Soldier of Arete), born in NYC, New York
  • May 7 Nel Ginjaar-Maas, Dutch under-secretary of Education (VVD), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • May 9 Vance DeVoe Brand, astro (Apollo 18, STS-5, 41B, 35), born in Longmont, Colorado
  • May 10 Lord Michael Mustill, of Pateley Bridge, Lord Justice of Appeal
  • May 11 Stephen Smalley, rev/dean (Chester)
  • May 12 Johan Fleerackers, Flemish vice-president of Dutch One
  • May 13 Eileen Diss, theatrical designer (August, Secret Places, Betrayal)

Person of interestJim Jones

May 13 Jim Jones, American Leader of Peoples Temple cult (Jonestown Massacre), born in Randolph County, Indiana (d. 1978)

Founder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim Jones
Founder of the Peoples Temple cult
Jim Jones
  • May 13 Sydney Lipworth, CEO (Monopolies & Mergers Commission)
  • May 13 William Utting, chief inspector (British Social Services)
  • May 15 F Korthals Altes, Dutch minister of Justice (VVD)
  • May 16 Lowell P Weicker, (Sen-R-CT, 1971-88/Gov-D-CT)
  • May 16 Peter Levi, poet/writer
  • May 16 Natwar Singh, Indian politician
  • May 16 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), born in Prague (d. 1944)
  • May 18 Don Martin, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • May 21 George Vassiliou, president of Cyprus (1988-93)
  • May 25 Aili Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter
  • May 27 Florence Sharples, director (British YWCA)
  • May 27 John Chapple, British chief of General Staff
  • May 27 James Wilson, criminologist ('Zero Tolerance' policing), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • May 28 Stephen Birmingham, American author (Real Lace: America's Irish Rich), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2015)
  • May 29 Carl Toms, stage designer
  • May 31 John Schrieffer, US physicist (Nobel 1972)
  • May 31 Steve Horn, (Rep-R-California)

Deaths in History

  • May 9 A[lbert] A[braham] Michelson, US physicist (1907 Nobel), dies at 78
  • May 14 David Belasco, American theatrical producer (b. 1853)
  • May 14 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter, dies at 44
  • May 17 Johan [Eliza J] de Master, art critic/writer, dies
  • May 17 Timothy Cole, American wood engraver, dies at about 71
  • May 31 Felix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, French Canadian cardinal, archbishop of Quebec (b. 1866)