September 1931 in History

Events in History

  • Sep 10 Lord Cecil of British government says War was never so improbable

MurderMurder of Interest

Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.

  • Sep 13 Capt G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • Sep 13 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • Sep 15 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • Sep 15 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • Sep 16 Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • Sep 17 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • Sep 18 To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese
  • Sep 19 Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
  • Sep 21 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • Sep 22 Coalition Government forms in New Zealand to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)
  • Sep 27 Closest NL batting race ends Chick Hafey (.3488) beats Bill Terry's
  • Sep 28 200,000 demonstrators demand declaration of war on Japan in Peking
  • Sep 30 Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Birthdays in History

  • Sep 1 Matthew J Rinaldo, (Rep-R-NJ, 1973- )
  • Sep 1 Cecil Parkinson, British politician (C), born in Carnforth, North Lancashire (d. 2016)
  • Sep 2 Alan K Simpson, minority whip (Sen-R-WY, 1979- )
  • Sep 2 Pierre Huyskens, Dutch radio host
  • Sep 3 Albert DeSalvo, American criminal (The Boston Strangler), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1973)
  • Sep 6 Sander Levin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Sep 8 John Garrett, British politician (d. 2007)
  • Sep 11 Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian, born in Freudenberg, Germany (d. 2014)
  • Sep 12 Kristin Hunter, African-American author (God Bless the Child), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)
  • Sep 22 Fay Weldon, British feminist
  • Sep 22 George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (d. 2003)
  • Sep 22 Manzoor Ahmad, Pakistani philosopher
  • Sep 23 Gerald Stairs Merrithew, Canadian educator (d. 2004)
  • Sep 24 Brian Glanville, English journalist and football writer, born in Hendon, London
  • Sep 24 Cardiss Collins, American politician (first African-American woman to represent the Midwest in Congress), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2013)
  • Sep 25 Patric Walker, American-British astrologer, born in Hackensack, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Sep 25 Manouchehr Atashi, Persian poet, born in Dashtestan, Iran (d. 2005)
  • Sep 26 Donald J. Pease, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2002)
  • Sep 27 Gerald Warner, deputy secretary (Cabinet Office)
  • Sep 29 E S Orr Ewing, Lord-Lieutenant of Wigtown
  • Sep 29 James Cronin, nuclear physicist (Physics Nobel Prize 1980), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • Sep 29 Joseph M. McDade, (Rep-R-Pennsylvania, 1963-1999), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)

Weddings in History

  • Sep 26 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg marries Freiin Nina von Lerchenfeld

Deaths in History

  • Sep 9 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist dies at 86
  • Sep 10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
  • Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, dies at 63

Person of interestLili Elbe

Sep 13 Lili Elbe [born Einar Wegener], Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), dies from complications involving a uterus transplant at 48

Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery Lili Elbe
Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery
Lili Elbe
  • Sep 18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)