On This Day

1931 in History (Part 2)

Events in History


MurderMurder of Interest

Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.

  • Sep 13 Capt G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • Sep 13 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • Sep 15 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • Sep 15 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • Sep 16 Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • Sep 17 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • Sep 18 To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese
  • Sep 19 Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
  • Sep 21 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • Sep 22 Coalition Government forms in New Zealand to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)
  • Sep 28 200,000 demonstrators demand declaration of war on Japan in Peking
  • Sep 30 Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • Oct 1 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • Oct 1 The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Oct 2 Pope Pius XI encyclical On economic crisis

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI

  • Oct 4 Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould debuts
  • Oct 4 Juan Esteban Montero becomes President of Chile
  • Oct 5 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Wash (Herndon & Pangborn)
  • Oct 5 Paul Green's "House of Connelly" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 6 Joris van Severen forms Verdinaso (Union of Flemish National Solidarists)
  • Oct 7 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY
  • Oct 10 A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada's Big 4
  • Oct 10 William Waltons "Belshazzar's Feast" premieres in Leeds
  • Oct 11 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"
  • Oct 12 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform

BrazilChrist the Redeemer

Oct 12 Christ the Redeemer statue opens standing 30 meters high (98 ft) on top of Mount Corcovado overlooking Rio de Janeiro, built by engineer Heitor da Silva Costa

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Christ the Redeemer statue, Brazil
Christ the Redeemer statue, Brazil
Learn More
  • Oct 14 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
  • Oct 14 Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church & State
  • Oct 16 US trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd murders two friends then dismembers one of them in Phoenix

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 American gangster Al Capone convicted of tax evasion

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Oct 20 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
  • Oct 24 George Washington Bridge linking New York City and New Jersey dedicated, opens the next day
  • Oct 24 Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Oct 26 Eugene O'Neill's play cycle "Mourning Becomes Electra" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Nov 1 Dupont introduces synthetic rubber

  • Nov 3 First commercially produced synthetic rubber manufactured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 4 Jean Genet's "Judith" premieres in Paris

Novelist and Playwright Jean Genet
Novelist and Playwright
Jean Genet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Nov 13 Hattie Caraway (D-AK) appointed first US woman senator
  • Nov 14 Ottawa Mint Act is proclaimed in Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 17 Charles Lindbergh inaugurates Pan Am service from Cuba to South America in the Sikorsky flying boat "American Clipper"

  • Nov 20 Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
  • Nov 22 1st performance of Ferde Grofé's "Grand Canyon Suite" given by Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra at Studebaker Theater, Chicago
  • Nov 23 Nationally Crisis Committee forms in Hague
  • Nov 30 His Master's Voice and Columbia Records merge into EMI
  • Dec 1 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
  • Dec 3 Alka Seltzer goes on sale
  • Dec 8 Coaxial cable patented
  • Dec 9 Benn W Levy's "Springtime for Henry" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 9 Japanese army attacks Chinese province of Jehol
  • Dec 9 Spain becomes a republic

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Jane Addams (1st US woman) named co-recipient of Nobel Peace Prize

Social Worker and Nobel Laureate Jane Addams
Social Worker and Nobel Laureate
Jane Addams

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 10 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain with Niceto Zamora as President

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • Dec 11 Japan leaves the Gold Standard
  • Dec 11 Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland (Free State), and Newfoundland (not then part of Canada)
  • Dec 12 Japanese government of Imukai forms
  • Dec 14 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
  • Dec 16 German SPD begins Iron Front against fascism
  • Dec 19 Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 22 Retrospective show of Mexican artist Diego Rivera opens at The Museum of Modern Art in New York

Painter Diego Rivera
Painter
Diego Rivera
  • Dec 25 Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,697
  • Dec 25 Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria v Tas at Hobart

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28 Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as President of Nanjing-China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Dec 29 Identification of heavy water publicly announced, HC Urey
  • Dec 29 Victoria score 7 for 435 in second innings to beat NSW

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 304

  • Apr 10 Marcel van Maele, Belgian poet and playwright, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • Apr 13 Beverley Cross, English playwright, born in London
  • Apr 15 Tomas Tranströmer, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature - 2011), born in Stockholm (d. 2015)
  • Apr 16 Piet de Visser, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • Apr 17 John Chalstrey, 668th Lord Mayor of London
  • Apr 17 Joyce Molyneux, British chef and author
  • Apr 17 Ruth Etchells, English poet and principal (St John's College-Durham), born in Liverpool
  • Apr 19 Denis Henry, British High Court judge, born in Margate, Kent, England (d. 2010)
  • Apr 19 Kobie Coetsee, South African Minister of Defense (1993-94) and Minister of Justice (1980-93), born in Ladybrand, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • Apr 19 Walter Stewart, Canadian writer and journalist, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2004)
  • Apr 20 Lee H. Hamilton, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana, born in Daytona Beach, Florida
  • Apr 22 Henk Gortzak [Hendricus Gortzak], Dutch carpenter and politician (CPN/PSP), born in Amsterdam (d. 1989)
  • Apr 22 Ronald Hynd, British choreographer (English National Ballet), born in London
  • Apr 24 Bridget Riley, British painter (op-art), born in Norwood London, England
  • Apr 25 David Shepherd, British painter (paintings of steam locomotives), born in Hendon, London (d. 2017)
  • Apr 25 Felix Berezin, Russian physicist and mathematician (Berezin integral), born in Moscow (d. 1980)
  • Apr 29 Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 28)
  • Apr 29 Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter
  • Apr 30 Bill Clay, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • May 3 Joe Layton, American director and choreographer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1994)
  • May 3 Thomas Sutherland, American hostage (Lebanon) and academic, born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 2016)
  • May 4 Thomas Stuttaford, British doctor and medical columnist (The Times), born in Norfolk, England
  • May 5 Greg [Michel Régnier], Belgian comic-book writer (Achille Talon), born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1999)
  • May 6 Marvin Leath, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas's 11th district), born in Henderson, Texas (d. 2000)
  • May 7 Gene Wolfe, American sci-fi author (Soldier of Arete), born in NYC, New York
  • May 7 Nel Ginjaar-Maas, Dutch under-secretary of Education (VVD), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • May 9 Alistair MacFarlane, Engineer and principal (Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • May 9 Vance DeVoe Brand, astro (Apollo 18, STS-5, 41B, 35), born in Longmont, Colorado
  • May 10 Lord Michael Mustill, of Pateley Bridge, Lord Justice of Appeal
  • May 11 Stephen Smalley, rev/dean (Chester)
  • May 12 Johan Fleerackers, Flemish vice-president of Dutch One
  • May 13 Eileen Diss, theatrical designer (August, Secret Places, Betrayal)

Person of interestJim Jones

May 13 Jim Jones, American Leader of Peoples Temple cult (Jonestown Massacre), born in Randolph County, Indiana (d. 1978)

Founder of the Peoples Temple Cult Jim Jones
Founder of the Peoples Temple Cult
Jim Jones
  • May 13 Sydney Lipworth, CEO (Monopolies & Mergers Commission)
  • May 13 William Utting, chief inspector (British Social Services)
  • May 15 F Korthals Altes, Dutch minister of Justice (VVD)
  • May 16 Lowell P Weicker, American politician (Sen-R-CT, (1971-88), Governor of Connecticut), born in Paris, France
  • May 16 Peter Levi, poet/writer
  • May 16 Natwar Singh, Indian politician
  • May 16 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), born in Prague (d. 1944)
  • May 17 Marshall Applewhite, American cult leader (Heaven's Gate), born in Spur, Texas (d. 1997)
  • May 18 Don Martin, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • May 21 George Vassiliou, president of Cyprus (1988-93)
  • May 25 Aili Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter, born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • May 27 Florence Sharples, director (British YWCA)
  • May 27 John Chapple, British chief of General Staff
  • May 27 James Wilson, criminologist ('Zero Tolerance' policing), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • May 28 Stephen Birmingham, American author (Real Lace: America's Irish Rich), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2015)
  • May 31 John Schrieffer, US physicist (Nobel 1972)
  • May 31 Steve Horn, (Rep-R-California)

Person of interestRaúl Castro

Jun 3 Raúl Castro, 18th President of Cuba (2008-) and former revolutionary, born in Biran, Holguin, Cuba

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro
  • Jun 5 Jacques Demy, French director (Lola, Magic Donkey)
  • Jun 5 John Dellow, commissioner (London Metropolitan Police)
  • Jun 5 Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher, antroposopher
  • Jun 7 Malcolm Morley, English-American painter, born in London (d. 2018)
  • Jun 7 David Driskell, American artist and champion of African American art, born in Eatonton, Georgia (d. 2020)
  • Jun 8 Ivan V. Lalić, Serbian poet, born in Belgrade (d. 1996)
  • Jun 8 Leo Nichols, businessman, honorary consul and longtime friend of Burma's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1996)
  • Jun 11 Kenneth Cameron, Baron Cameron of Lochbroom, Scottish judge, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Jun 12 Barbara Hillary, American adventurer, 1st black woman to reach the North Pole, born in New York City (d. 2019)
  • Jun 13 Lachlan Macleay, USAF colonel and astronaut, born in Saint Louis, Missouri
  • Jun 13 Irvin D. Yalom, American psychotherapist and Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry at Stanford University, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 16 Courtney Alexandre Henriques Laws, community leader
  • Jun 16 Robert Freeman Smith, American politician (Rep-R-Oregon), born in Portland, Oregon
  • Jun 17 John Baldessari, American artist, born in National City, California
  • Jun 18 Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazilian politician and sociologist, President of Brazil (1995 - 2002), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Jun 20 Richard Southwood, zoologist/chancellor (Oxford University)
  • Jun 21 Margaret Heckler, American politician (15th U.S. Secretary of Health & Human Services (1983-85)), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jun 22 Hennadiy Udovenko, Ukrainian politician and diplomat (UN General Assembly President, 1997-98), born in Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine (d. 2013)
  • Jun 22 Teruyuki Okazaki, Japanese karate master (10th degree black belt Shotokan Karate; founder International Shotokan Karate Federation), born in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan (d. 2020)
  • Jun 23 Urs Jaeggi, Swiss sociologist and writer, born in Solothurn, Switzerland
  • Jun 24 Leslie Cochran, peace activist and police critic, born in Miami, Florida (d. 2012)
  • Jun 25 V.P. [Vishwanath Pratap] Singh, Indian politician, 7th Prime Minister of India (1989-90), born in Allahabad, British India (d. 2008)
  • Jun 26 Colin Wilson, English author (Afterlife, Book of Great Mysteries), born in Leicester, Leicestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • Jun 27 Charles Bronfman, Canadian-American CEO (Seagrams, Montreal Expos) and philanthropist, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 30 Hans Gruijters, Dutch mayor (co-founder of D66-Lelystad), born in Helmond, Netherlands
  • Jun 30 Bert Eriksson, Flemish neo-Nazi, born in Antwerp (d. 2005)
  • Jul 1 Leslie Caron, French-American actress (Gigi, Father Goose), born in Boulogne-Biliancourt, Seine
  • Jul 3 Andres Burnier [Catharina Irma Dessaur], Dutch criminologist and author (Jongensuur), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • Jul 5 James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, Irish American gangster (inspiration for Jimmy Conway character in Goodfellas), born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • Jul 5 Ismail Mahomed, South African and Namibian Chief Justice, 1st permanent black judge on South African Supreme Court, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • Jul 6 Jean Campeau, French Canadian businessman and politician, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jul 6 Emily Nasrallah, Lebanese writer and women's rights activist (Birds of September, A Cat’s Diary), born in Kfeir, Lebanon (d. 2018)
  • Jul 7 David Eddings, American sci-fi author (Belgariad, Malloreon)
  • Jul 10 Alice Munro, Canadian author (Dance of the Happy Shades) and Nobel laureate 2013, born in Wingham, Ontario, Canada
  • Jul 10 Del Insko, harness racer (toothpick in mouth, 1969 money leader), born in Amboy, Minnesota
  • Jul 10 Julian May, American sci-fi author (Golden Torc, Magnificat), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Jul 11 Hans Klein, politician
  • Jul 11 Herman de Vries, Dutch sculptor
  • Jul 11 Tullio Regge, Italian physicist
  • Jul 12 J. Bob Traxler, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in Kawkawlin, Michigan
  • Jul 14 Donald Eugene Webb, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jul 15 Clive Cussler, American writer (Raise The Titanic, Sahara), born in Aurora, Illinois,
  • Jul 15 Eugene Louw, South African minister of Internal affairs
  • Jul 16 Lady Caroline Blackwood, British journalist and writer (The Last of the Duchess), born in London (d. 1996)

Person of interestMarina Popovich

Jul 20 Marina Popovich, Soviet Air Force colonel, engineer and test pilot (102 world records), born in Leonenki, Smolensk Oblast, USSR, birth date uncertain (d. 2017)

  • Jul 22 Charles Huxtable, General commander (English ground armies)
  • Jul 23 Jan Torell, Limhamm Sweden, director (New Land, Emigrants)
  • Jul 23 Richard Searby, Australian lawyer and deputy-chairman (News Corp Ltd-Australia)
  • Jul 23 Te Atairangikaahu, Māori Queen for 40 years, born in Waahi Marae, Huntly, New Zealand (d. 2006)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History