On This Day

August 1933 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 1 Death penalty for anti-fascists in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Dutch colonial regime in Batavia arrests Sukarno

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 National Recovery Administration (NRA) is founded with Hugh S. Johnson as its first director

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson
  • Aug 7 The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.
  • Aug 11 Temperature reaches 136°F (57.8°C) at San Luis Potosi, Mexico (world record)
  • Aug 12 Cuban dictator Machado y Morales flees after military coup
  • Aug 17 Soviet Union test GIRD-R1 rocket ("Object 09")
  • Aug 22 International Zionists Congress opens in Prague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 23 Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following another hunger strike

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Aug 30 Air France forms from five French airlines
  • Aug 30 Portuguese dictator Salazar forms secret police (PIDE)

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 1 Erwin Nypels, Dutch economist and Minister of Housing (D66), born in Bloemendaal, North Holland
  • Aug 1 Richard Lloyd Jones, British secretary (Welsh Office 1985–93)
  • Aug 1 Ko Un, South Korean poet, born in Gunsan, North Jeolla Province
  • Aug 2 Alan Tuffin, British trade union leader (d. 2017)
  • Aug 3 Thé Tjong-Khing, Dutch illustrator of children books (Miep Diekman), born in Purworedjo, Java

Person of interestSheldon Adelson

Aug 4 Sheldon Adelson, American business magnate (CEO of Las Vegas Sands casino company) and major political donor to the GOP and Israel, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2021) [1]

Entrepreneur and Founder of Las Vegas Sands Sheldon Adelson
Entrepreneur and Founder of Las Vegas Sands
Sheldon Adelson
  • Aug 7 Jerry Pournelle, American polymath and sci-fi author (Mercenary, Red Dragon), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2017)
  • Aug 10 Alan Hardcastle, chairman (Lloyds Regulatory Board)
  • Aug 10 Butler-Sloss, British Lady Justice
  • Aug 10 David Rowland, chairman (Lloyd's)
  • Aug 10 Doyle Brunson, American poker player
  • Aug 10 Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth; d. 2005)
  • Aug 11 Jerry Falwell Sr., American TV evangelist (Moral Majority), born in Lynchburg, Virginia (d. 2007)
  • Aug 11 Julian Oswald, British Admiral of the Fleet
  • Aug 13 Jocelyn Elders, 15th US Surgeon General (1993-94) 1st African American holder, born in Schaal, Arkansas
  • Aug 14 Richard R. Ernst, Swiss physical chemist (Nobel 1991 -techniques for high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy), born in Winterthur, Switzerland
  • Aug 14 Bryce Courtenay, Australian novelist (The Power of One), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2012)
  • Aug 16 Jan van Ginkel, graphic artist/publisher (Perscombinatie)
  • Aug 16 Reiner Kunze, German writer (The Lovely Years), born in Oelsnitz, Saxony
  • Aug 16 Stuart A "Smokey" Roosa, Durango Colo, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 14)
  • Aug 17 Eugene F. Kranz, American NASA Flight Director (Gemini and Apollo programs)
  • Aug 19 Vladimir Borisovich Alekseyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • Aug 20 Don Fuqua, American Democratic politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Aug 20 George J. Mitchell, American lawyer and politician (Senate Majority Leader 1989-95), born in Waterville, Maine
  • Aug 22 Irmtraud Morgner, German writer, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1990)
  • Aug 23 Pete Wilson, American politician (36th Governor of California), born in Lake Forest, Illinois
  • Aug 23 Robert Curl, American chemist (Nobel 1996), born in Alice, Texas

Person of interestYasser Arafat

Aug 24 Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (1994-2004) and 1994 Nobel peace prize winner, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2004)

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • Aug 27 Joke Smit, Dutch feminist
  • Aug 29 Jehan Sadat, Widow of Anwar Sadat and 1st Lady of Egypt, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Aug 29 Arnold Koller, Swiss politician (member of Swiss Federal Councilor), born in St. Gallen, Switzerland

Deaths in History

  • Aug 22 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), dies at 62
  • Aug 23 Adolph Loos, Austrian architect, dies at 62