On This Day

March 1933 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
  • Mar 2 Sanriku earthquake of 8.4 and tsunami hit Japan, country's most powerful earthquake in 180 years
  • Mar 3 German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
  • Mar 3 Mount Rushmore dedicated
  • Mar 4 Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves Austrian parliament
  • Mar 4 Frances Perkins becomes Secretary of Labor, 1st female member of the US Cabinet
  • Mar 4 Henderson, DeSylva & Brown's "Strike Me Pink" premieres in NYC

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as 32nd US President, pledges to pull US out of the Depression, "We have nothing to fear but fear itself"

  • Mar 5 FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday
  • Mar 5 Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
  • Mar 6 FDR declares a nationwide bank holiday

Historic Event

Mar 6 Maxwell Anderson's "Both your Houses" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 6 Poland occupies the free city of Danzig (Gdańsk)
  • Mar 9 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov & Vassili arrested in Berlin
  • Mar 9 US Congress is called into special session by FDR, beginning its "100 days"
  • Mar 10 Major earthquake (6.4 magnitude) in Long Beach, California kills 120, and destroys 70 school buildings
  • Mar 10 Nevada becomes 1st US state to regulate narcotics
  • Mar 12 FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat"
  • Mar 13 American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday

Historic Event

Mar 13 Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda

  • Mar 14 Civilian Conservation Corp begins tree conservation
  • Mar 15 NAACP begins coordinated attack on segregation & discrimination

Appointment of Interest

Mar 16 Adolf Hitler names Hjalmar Schacht as President of Bank of Germany

  • Mar 18 Radio Clube de Mocambique's 1st radio transmission
  • Mar 20 Dachau the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed

Historic Event

Mar 21 Day of Potsdam in Nazi Germany, a ceremony to open the new Reichstag after the fire in February; Adolf Hitler and Paul von Hindenburg shake hands in public

  • Mar 22 FDR makes wine & beer with up to 3.2% alcohol legal
  • Mar 23 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers
  • Mar 24 Peter I Island incorporated as a Norwegian dependency
  • Mar 27 Farm Credit Administration (US) authorized
  • Mar 27 Japan leaves League of Nations
  • Mar 27 Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson & Eric William Fawcett
  • Mar 31 1st newspaper published on pine pulp paper, "Soperton News" (Ga)
  • Mar 31 Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Myrlie Evers, American politician and commissioner (LA Board of Public works)
  • Mar 3 Lee Radziwell Ross, American princess (Jackie O's sister), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 4 John W Mills, British sculptor
  • Mar 6 Heiko Wierenga, Dutch soc-dem mayor of Enschede (1977-94)
  • Mar 9 Mel Lastman, Canadian businessman and politician, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Mar 11 Terry J Hatter Jr, American judge in California
  • Mar 13 Frank H. Murkowski, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alaska, 1981-2002; Governor of Alaska, 2002-06), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Mar 13 Donald Henry "Pee Wee" Gaskins, American serial killer (claimed to have murdered over 100 people), born in Florence County, South Carolina (d. 1991)
  • Mar 14 René Felber, former member of the Swiss Federal Council

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Mar 15 Ruth Bader Ginsburg, American jurist and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1993-2020), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2020)

  • Mar 16 Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist
  • Mar 17 Penelope Lively, British writer (Moon Tiger, The Ghost of Thomas Kempe), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Mar 17 Myrlie Evers-Williams, American civil rights activist (NAACP chair), born in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Mar 18 Unita Blackwell, 1st African American mayor in Mississippi
  • Mar 19 Philip Roth, American novelist (Goodbye Columbus, Portnoy's Complaint), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Mar 20 Alexander Gorodnitsky, Russian geologist and poet
  • Mar 21 John Hall, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • Mar 21 Michael Heseltine, UK Secretary of State for Defence (1986)/MP
  • Mar 22 J. P. McCarthy, American radio personality (WJR Detroit), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • Mar 22 Buddy MacKay, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1983-89), Governor of Florida for 24 days, born in Ocala, Florida
  • Mar 22 Abolhassan Banisadr, Iranian politician, President of Iran (1980-81), born in Hamadan, Iran
  • Mar 23 Geoffrey Leigh, CEO (Allied London Properties)
  • Mar 23 Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist, known for the Stanford prison experiment
  • Mar 27 Frank Taylor, Chief Constable (Durham)
  • Mar 28 Li Xueqin, Chinese eminent historian, archaeologist, and palaeographer, born in Beijing, China (d. 2019)
  • Mar 29 Jacques Brault, French Canadian poet (Quand nous serons heureux - When we are happy), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Mar 31 Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet (d. 1983)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet, dies at 32
  • Mar 6 Anton Cermak, American politician (44th Mayor of Chicago, 1931-33), dies 23 days after being shot in Miami at 59
  • Mar 14 Balto, husky dog who brought back the antitoxin in 1925
  • Mar 16 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 47
  • Mar 18 Luigi A duke of the Abruzzi, Italian explorer (Ruwenzori), dies at 60
  • Mar 20 Giuseppe [Joe] Zangara, electrocuted for assassination attempt on FDR