On This Day

October 1933 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 3 Gustave "Staf" de Clerq forms Flemish National Covenant
  • Oct 4 Esquire magazine is 1st published
  • Oct 8 Coit Tower dedicated in San Francisco as a monument to firefighters
  • Oct 8 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
  • Oct 10 1st synthetic detergent, "Dreft" by Procter & Gamble, goes on sale
  • Oct 12 Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)

Historic Event

Oct 12 John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio

Historic Event

Oct 12 Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment

  • Oct 13 JDJ Boularan's "Tovarich" premieres in Paris
  • Oct 14 Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations
  • Oct 15 20th Amendment to the US Constitution goes into effect: President term begins in January not March

Historic Event

Oct 17 Albert Einstein arrives in US as a refugee from Nazi Germany

  • Oct 23 John Dillinger and his gang rob Central National Bank, in Greencastle, Indiana. They take $75, 000.

Historic Event

Oct 24 Langston Hughes' "Mulatto" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 26 French government of Albert Sarraut forms

Birthdays in History

John B. Gurdon

Oct 2 John B. Gurdon, English developmental biologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012), born in Dippenhall, Hampshire

  • Oct 9 Bill Tidy, English cartoonist (Fosdyke Saga), born in Tranmere, England
  • Oct 9 Peter Mansfield, British Physician whose discoveries led to MRI (2003 Nobel Prize), born in London (d. 2017)
  • Oct 10 Gerald Masters, South African-British author (Pan Book of Dates)
  • Oct 10 Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and Manson murder victim, born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 1969)
  • Oct 12 Guido Molinari, Canadian painter, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2004)
  • Oct 13 Raynald Fréchette, Quebec politician and judge, born in Asbestos, Quebec (d. 2007)
  • Oct 17 William A Anders, Maj Gen, USAF/astronaut (Apollo 8), born in Hong Kong
  • Oct 22 Donald Herod Peterson, American USAF Colonel, and NASA astronaut (STS-6), born in Winona, Mississippi (d. 2018)
  • Oct 24 Norman Rush, American writer (Mating), born in San Francisco, California
  • Oct 24 Ronald "Ronnie" Kray and Reginald "Reggie" Kray, English gangsters (the Kray twins), born in London, England
  • Oct 25 Larry J. Hopkins, American politician (Rep-R-KY, 1979-93), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2021)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 5 Nikolaj N Joedenitsj, Russian general/contra revolutionary, dies at 71
  • Oct 5 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, dies at 71
  • Oct 11 Josef Hofmiller, writer, dies
  • Oct 27 Meir Shapira, rabbi/organizer (Daf Yomi), dies
  • Oct 29 Paul Painlevé, French Prime Minister (1917, 1925), dies at 69
  • Oct 29 Albert Calmette, French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin), dies at 70