On This Day

August 1934 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 2 1st airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 Adolf Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of German armed forces

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 2 William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour
  • Aug 3 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself "Führer" (leader)
  • Aug 4 II British Empire Games open at London's White City Stadium
  • Aug 6 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 US Court of Appeals upheld lower court ruling striking down government's attempt to ban controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses"

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • Aug 9 4th Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the White City Stadium in London, England
  • Aug 11 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay
  • Aug 16 US ends occupation of Haiti (been there since 1915)
  • Aug 16 US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028' (923 m) in Bathysphere
  • Aug 19 The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 2 Valery Bykovsky, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, 31), born in Pavlovsky Posad, Russia
  • Aug 4 Jonas Savimbi, Angolian leader of Unita
  • Aug 4 Rutger Kopland [Rutger van den Hoofdakker], Dutch poet
  • Aug 5 Wendell Berry, American poet, writer and farmer, born in Henry County, Kentucky
  • Aug 6 John Storey Bonington, UK, mountain climber (Annapurna I in 1970)
  • Aug 6 Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob, UK, sci-fi author (Chthon, Phthor)
  • Aug 8 Julian Dixon, American politician (Rep-D-California, 1979-2000), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2000)
  • Aug 11 Bob Hepple, South African-born academic and master of Clare College Cambridge, (d. 2015)
  • Aug 12 Kenneth Eaton, Controller (British Navy)
  • Aug 14 Robin McLaren, British ambassador (China)
  • Aug 15 Valentin Varlamov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Sukhaya Tereshka, Russia (d. 1980)
  • Aug 16 Diana Wynne Jones, UK, sci-fi author (Drowned Ammet, Witch Week)
  • Aug 16 Ed van Thijn, (Jewish) Dutch foreign min/mayor (Amsterdam, 1983-94)
  • Aug 18 Vincent Bugliosi, American attorney and author (Helter-Skelter), born in Hibbing, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • Aug 19 David F Durenberger, Minn, (Sen-R-MN, 1978- )

Person of interestNorman Schwarzkopf

Aug 22 Norman Schwarzkopf, US Army General and commander of coalition forces in the Gulf War, born in Trenton, New Jersey (d. 2012)

US General Norman Schwarzkopf
US General
Norman Schwarzkopf
  • Aug 25 John Stears, special effects expert (Dr No), born in Middlesex, England
  • Aug 25 Valery F. Bykovsky, USSR cosmonaut (Vostok V, Soyuz 22, 31/39), born in Pavlovsky Posad, Soviet Union
  • Aug 25 Lise Bacon, French-Canadian politician, born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Canada
  • Aug 25 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, 4th President of Iran (1989-97) and de facto commander-in-chief of the Iranian military during the Iran-Iraq War, born in Bahreman, Persia (d. 2017)
  • Aug 26 Gordon Clough, English journalist (BBC Radio 4), born in Salford, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 29 David Pryor, American politician (Sen-D Arkansas, 1979-97), born in Camden, Arkansas

Deaths in History


Person of interestPaul von Hindenburg

Aug 2 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), dies of lung cancer at 86

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Aug 6 Hermann Glauert, British aerodynamicist, dies at 41
  • Aug 10 John Kane, Scottish-American primitivist painter (Self-Portrait), dies at 73
  • Aug 12 Hendrik P Berlage, architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam), dies at 78
  • Aug 18 Delilah L Beasley, American author/columnist (Oakland Tribune), dies at 61
  • Aug 28 Doris Ulmann, American photographer best known for her portraits of the people of Appalachia, dies aged 52
  • Aug 30 Earnest L Wolzogen, German writer (That tolle Komtess), dies at 79
  • Aug 31 Jan Schaper, Dutch publicist and politician (SDAP), dies