December 1934 in History

Events in History


MurderAssassination

Dec 1 Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov assassinated, Stalin uses as excuse to begin the Great Purge of 1934-38

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Dec 2 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
  • Dec 3 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • Dec 3 KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 7 Wiley Post discovers jet stream
  • Dec 8 Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock" premieres in Zurich
  • Dec 10 Fascist dictator of Latvia Ulmanis begins building concentration camp
  • Dec 10 Saint-Adelbert cooperation formed by Catholic elite
  • Dec 11 1935 All-Star Game is assigned to Cleveland
  • Dec 13 Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St NYC
  • Dec 14 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany NY)
  • Dec 15 Fokker F18 Snip flies to the Dutch West Indies
  • Dec 19 Japan agrees to naval treaty of 1922 & 1930
  • Dec 22 1st flight from Netherland to Curacao (Christmas flight 1934)
  • Dec 22 Miss Theo Trowbridge sets female bowling record 702 pins in games
  • Dec 24 Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430
  • Dec 25 Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 v Qld before 6,180
  • Dec 25 Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 27 1st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Mass)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 27 Shah of Persia Mohammed Reza Pahlavi declares Persia now Iran

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • Dec 29 Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma" premieres in Madrid
  • Dec 29 Japan renounces Wash Naval Treaty of 1922 & London Treaty of 1930
  • Dec 31 Helen Richey becomes 1st woman to pilot an airmail transport

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Hilly Axwijk, Suriname social worker
  • Dec 3 Viktor Vassilyevich Gorbatko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 24, 37/36)
  • Dec 5 Joan Didion, US author and journalist (The year of Magical Thinking), born in Sacramento, California
  • Dec 10 Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • Dec 12 Miguel de la Madrid, President of Mexico (1982-1988), born in Colima, Mexico (d. 2012)
  • Dec 14 Petrus van Doorne, Dutch industrialist
  • Dec 18 John Bingham, Lord Lucan, British peer suspected of murdering his nanny who disappeared, born in London (presumed dead)
  • Dec 18 Boris Valentinovich Volynov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 21)
  • Dec 19 Rudi Carrell, [Rudolf W Kesselman], Dutch showmaster
  • Dec 19 Casper R. Taylor, Jr., American politician
  • Dec 19 Pratibha Patil, First female President of India (2007-2012), Governor of Rajasthan (2004-2007), born in Nadgaon, India
  • Dec 24 Stjepan Mesić, president of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement and president of Croatia.
  • Dec 25 Bob Martinez, (Gov-Fl)
  • Dec 28 John Akers, business executive
  • Dec 30 Barry Briggs, NZ auto maker (World Champion 1957, 58, 64, 66)
  • Dec 30 John Norris Bahcall, American physicist (d. 2005)
  • Dec 30 Joseph P. Hoar, former US Central Command commander
  • Dec 31 Akram Awan, Islamic scholar

Deaths in History

  • Dec 1 Sergei M Kirov, Josef Stalin's collaborator, assassinated in Leningrad
  • Dec 3 Charles James O'Donnell, Irish politician (b. 1849)
  • Dec 6 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1863)
  • Dec 12 Thorleif Haug, Norwegian Nordic skier (b. 1894)
  • Dec 13 Thomas A. Watson, American assistant to Alexander Graham Bell (b. 1854)
  • Dec 15 Maggie L. Walker, African American teacher and businesswoman (1st female Bank President),dies at 69