July 1934 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 1st x-ray photo of entire body, taken by Arthur Fuchs of Eastman-Kodak Company in Rochester, New York
  • Jul 1 Brookfield Zoo opens in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 2 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
  • Jul 3 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria, Illinois

Historic Invention

Jul 4 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb

  • Jul 4 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
  • Jul 5 "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco

Historic Event

Jul 9 SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps

Historic Event

Jul 10 1st sitting US President to visit South America, FDR in Colombia

  • Jul 11 FDR became 1st US President to travel through Panama Canal
  • Jul 12 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Orogrande, New Mexico (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
  • Jul 15 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • Jul 20 118°F (48°C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
  • Jul 21 113°F (45°C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record)

Historic Event

Jul 22 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents

  • Jul 24 1st ptarmigan hatched and reared in captivity, Ithaca, NY
  • Jul 25 Failed Nazi coup in Austria
  • Jul 27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • Jul 28 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 3 Manfred Bieler, German writer (The Rabbit is Me), born in Zerbst, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2002)
  • Jul 7 Robert McNeill Alexander, British zoologist (estimated speed of dinosaurs, born in Lisburn, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • Jul 8 Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician

Michael GravesMichael Graves (1934-2015)

Jul 9 American postmodernist architect and designer, born in Indianapolis, Indiana

  • Jul 10 Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2012)

Giorgio ArmaniGiorgio Armani (88 years old)

Jul 11 Italian fashion designer (American Gigolo), born in Piacenza, Italy

  • Jul 13 Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)

Wole SoyinkaWole Soyinka (88 years old)

Jul 13 Nigerian playwright and poet (Road, Kongi's Harvest-Nobel 1986), born in Abeokuta, near Ibadan, Nigeria

  • Jul 14 Leo Koury, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Pittburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • Jul 14 Trevor Fancutt, South African tennis player (Australian C'ships mixed doubles [Jan Lehane]), born in Kokstad, South Africa (d. 2022)
  • Jul 15 Simon Gournlay, president (British National Farmer's Union)
  • Jul 16 Donald Payne, New Jersey Congressman (1989-2012), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • Jul 17 Lucio Tan, Chinese Filipino businessman (Philippine Airlines), in Amoy China
  • Jul 17 Rainer Kisch, German writer, born in Döbeln
  • Jul 19 Francisco Sá Carneiro, 109th Prime Minister of Portugal, born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1980)
  • Jul 20 Ralph C RInzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys)
  • Jul 20 Uwe Johnson, German writer
  • Jul 21 Edolphus Towns, American politician (Rep-D-New York, 1983-2013), born in Chadbourn, North Carolina
  • Jul 23 Nicholas Barrington, British high commissioner (Pakistan) and author (A passage to Nuristan: exploring the mysterious Afghan hinterland)
  • Jul 24 Sante Kimes, American convicted con artist and murderess
  • Jul 24 Thomas Ambler, CEO (Texaco)
  • Jul 27 John Pardoe, British businessman and CEO (Sight & Sound Education) and Liberal Party politician
  • Jul 28 Norman D. Shumway, American politician (Rep-R-California, 1979-91), born in Phoenix, Arizona

Deaths in History

  • Jul 3 Henry, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince consort of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (1901-34), dies at 58
  • Jul 4 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, dies at 61

Marie CurieMarie Curie (1867-1934)

Jul 4 Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), dies at 66

  • Jul 6 Edward Vermeulen, Flemish writer, dies at 73
  • Jul 8 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, dies at 86
  • Jul 12 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), dies at 57

Kate SheppardKate Sheppard (1847-1934)

Jul 13 New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, dies at 87

  • Jul 15 Jules Renkin, Belgian politician (28th Prime Minister of Belgium 1931-32), dies at 71
  • Jul 16 Alaska P. Davidson, America's first female FBI agent, dies at 66

John DillingerJohn Dillinger (1903-1934)

Jul 22 Notorious American bank robber, shot dead at 31 by federal agents at the Biograph Theater in Chicago

  • Jul 24 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician, dies at 54
  • Jul 25 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor, assassinated by Nazis at 41
  • Jul 25 François Coty, French perfume manufacturer, dies at 60
  • Jul 25 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, dies at 45
  • Jul 26 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (Little Nemo), dies at 63
  • Jul 27 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17), dies at 79