On This Day

July 1934 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY
  • Jul 1 Brookfield Zoo opens in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 2 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
  • Jul 3 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria, Illinois
  • Jul 4 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment

InventionHistoric Invention

Jul 4 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb

Physicist and Inventor Leó Szilárd
Physicist and Inventor
Leó Szilárd
  • Jul 5 "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 1st sitting US President to visit South America, FDR in Colombia

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 11 FDR became 1st US President to travel through Panama Canal
  • Jul 12 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Orogrande, New Mexico (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
  • Jul 15 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • Jul 20 118°F (48°C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
  • Jul 21 113°F (45°C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
  • Jul 24 1st ptarmigan hatched and reared in captivity, Ithaca, NY
  • Jul 25 Failed Nazi coup in Austria
  • Jul 27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • Jul 28 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 3 Manfred Bieler, German writer (The Rabbit is Me), born in Zerbst, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2002)
  • Jul 7 Robert McNeill Alexander, British zoologist (estimated speed of dinosaurs, born in Lisburn, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • Jul 8 Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician

Person of interestMichael Graves

Jul 9 Michael Graves, American postmodernist architect, born in Indianapolis, Indiana

Architect Michael Graves
Architect
Michael Graves
  • Jul 10 Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2012)

Person of interestGiorgio Armani

Jul 11 Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer (American Gigolo), born in Piacenza, Italy

Fashion Designer Giorgio Armani
Fashion Designer
Giorgio Armani
  • Jul 13 Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)

Person of interestWole Soyinka

Jul 13 Wole Soyinka, Nigerian playwright and poet (Road, Kongi's Harvest-Nobel 1986), born in Abeokuta, near Ibadan, Nigeria

Playwright Wole Soyinka
Playwright
Wole Soyinka
  • Jul 14 Leo Koury, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Pittburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • Jul 15 Simon Gournlay, president (British National Farmer's Union)
  • Jul 16 Donald Payne, New Jersey Congressman (1989-2012), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • Jul 17 Rainer Kisch, German writer, born in Döbeln
  • Jul 17 Lucio Tan, Chinese Filipino businessman (Philippine Airlines), in Amoy China
  • Jul 19 Francisco Sá Carneiro, 109th Prime Minister of Portugal, born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1980)
  • Jul 20 Ralph C RInzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys)
  • Jul 20 Uwe Johnson, German writer
  • Jul 21 Edolphus Towns, American politician (Rep-D-New York, 1983-2013), born in Chadbourn, North Carolina
  • Jul 23 Nicholas Barrington, British high commissioner (Pakistan) and author (A passage to Nuristan: exploring the mysterious Afghan hinterland)
  • Jul 24 Thomas Ambler, CEO (Texaco)
  • Jul 24 Sante Kimes, American convicted con artist and murderess
  • Jul 27 John Pardoe, British businessman and CEO (Sight & Sound Education) and Liberal Party politician
  • Jul 28 Norman D Shumway, American politician (Rep-R-California, 1979-91), born in Phoeniz, Arizona

Deaths in History

  • Jul 3 Henry, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince consort of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (1901-34), dies at 58
  • Jul 4 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, dies at 61

Person of interestMarie Curie

Jul 4 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), dies at 66

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • Jul 6 Edward Vermeulen, Flemish writer, dies at 73
  • Jul 8 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, dies at 1934
  • Jul 12 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), dies at 57

Person of interestKate Sheppard

Jul 13 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, dies at 87

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • Jul 15 Jules Renkin, Belgian politician (28th Prime Minister of Belgium 1931-32), dies at 71
  • Jul 16 Alaska P. Davidson, America's first female FBI agent, dies at 66

Person of interestJohn Dillinger

Jul 22 John Dillinger, Notorious American bank robber, shot dead at 31 by federal agents at the Biograph Theater in Chicago

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger
  • Jul 24 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician, dies at 54
  • Jul 25 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor, assassinated by Nazis at 41
  • Jul 25 François Coty, French perfume manufacturer, dies at 60
  • Jul 25 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, dies at 45
  • Jul 26 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (Little Nemo), dies at 63
  • Jul 27 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17), dies at 79