On This Day

March 1934 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Henry Pu Yi crowned Emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • Mar 2 Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha

Historic Event

Mar 3 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger
FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
  • Mar 4 Easter Cross on Mt. Davidson (San Francisco) dedicated
  • Mar 5 Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Texas)
  • Mar 6 Sidney Howard & Paul de Kruif's "Yellowjacket" premieres in NYC

Famous Photo

Mar 8 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • Mar 10 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
  • Mar 12 Acting President Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn, Estonia

Historic Event

Mar 12 Josip Broz Tito freed from jail

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Mar 15 US Information Service opens
  • Mar 16 US Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act
  • Mar 16 Academy Award gold statuette 1st called Oscar in print by Sidney Skolsky

Treaty of Interest

Mar 17 Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Mar 20 Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
  • Mar 21 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
  • Mar 22 Fire destroys Hakodate, Japan, kills 1,500, injures 1,000
  • Mar 24 U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years
  • Mar 26 Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • Mar 29 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
  • Mar 31 Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Riet [M. J. J.] Roosen-van Pelt, Dutch politician, 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Tilburg, the Netherlands
  • Mar 3 Jane van Lawick-Goodall, British primatologist, anthropologist, and writer (Through a Window: My Thirty Years with the Chimpanzees of Gombe), born in Hampstead, London
  • Mar 4 Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist, , and author (We Are Such Stuff As Dreams Are Made Of), born in Ljubljana, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (now Slovenia) (d. 2017)
  • Mar 4 Gleb Yakunin, Russian priest and dissident, born in Moscow (d. 2014)

Daniel Kahneman

Mar 5 Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist and Nobel laureate (2002), born in Tel Aviv, Israel

Economist and Psychologist Daniel Kahneman
Economist and Psychologist
Daniel Kahneman
  • Mar 7 Willard Scott, American weather forecaster (Today Show), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 2021)

Yuri Gagarin

Mar 9 Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut and 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1), born in Klushino, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (d. 1968)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Cosmonaut
Yuri Gagarin
  • Mar 11 George Stamatoyannopoulos, Greece, medical genetics researcher
  • Mar 11 Keith Speed, British MP
  • Mar 12 Rudolph Agner, CEO (Consolidated Gold Fields)
  • Mar 13 Barry Hughart, American author of fantasy novels (Bridge of Birds), born in Peoria, Illinois
  • Mar 14 Eugene A Cernan, Capt USN, astronaut (Gemini 9, Apollo 10 17), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Mar 14 Paul Rader, the 15th General of The Salvation Army
  • Mar 15 Kanshi Ram, Indian dalit leader
  • Mar 16 Ray Hnatyshyn, Governor-General of Canada (d. 2002)
  • Mar 18 Pietro Rizzuto, Italian-Canadian politician (Senator for Repentigny, Quebec, 1976-97), born in Cattolica Eraclea, Sicily, Italy (d. 1997)
  • Mar 20 Eric Hebborn, artist/faker
  • Mar 20 Marion Conti, arch bishop (Aberdeen England)
  • Mar 20 Willie Brown, American Democratic politician and 41st Mayor of San Francisco (1996-2004), born in Mineola, Texas
  • Mar 20 David Malouf, Australian author
  • Mar 22 Leslie Turnberg, British medical researcher and academic, President of the Royal College of Physicians
  • Mar 22 Orrin Hatch, American politician (Sen-R-UT, 1977-2019) longest-serving Republican US Senator, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 23 Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician

Gloria Steinem

Mar 25 Gloria Steinem, American feminist and publisher (Ms Magazine), born in Toledo, Ohio

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Journalist
Gloria Steinem
  • Mar 27 David Hancock, British civil servant, secretary (British Department of Education & Science), born in Beckenham, Kent (d. 2013)
  • Mar 27 Istvan Csurka, Hungarian politician and writer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • Mar 29 Paul Crouch, American televangelist (Trinity Broadcasting Network), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 2013)
  • Mar 30 Lord Tanlaw [Simon Mackay], crossbench member of the House of Lords
  • Mar 31 Grigori Grigoyevich Nelyubov, Russian cosmonaut (Vostok 1 backup)
  • Mar 31 Wim H Sinnige, Dutch alderman of finance (social democratic)

Weddings in History

Bảo Đại

Mar 20 Vietnam emperor Bảo Đại (20) weds empress Nam Phương (19) at the imperial city of Huế

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại

Deaths in History

Davidson Black

Mar 15 Davidson Black, Paleoanthropologist, dies while working alone during the night, in Beijing, China at 49

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • Mar 19 Anthony J Block, lawyer (Dutch strafproces), dies at 66
  • Mar 20 Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen consort of William and Regent of the Netherlands, dies at 76
  • Mar 22 Theophilos Hatzimihail, Greek painter (b. 1870)
  • Mar 26 Grete Gulbransson, Austrian writer and poet (Geliebte Schatten), dies at 51
  • Mar 27 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, dies at 89
  • Mar 29 Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)
  • Mar 31 Franz Ehrle, German Jesuit, head of Vatican library, dies at 88