On This Day

May 1934 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Austria signs pact with Vatican
  • May 1 Philippine legislature accepts US proposal for independence
  • May 1 Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
  • May 2 Nazi Germany begins People's Court
  • May 7 Princess Juliana of the Netherlands opens Juliana Canal between Maastricht and Maasbracht
  • May 7 Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley for his play "Men in White"
  • May 7 World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines
  • May 13 Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies
  • May 15 US Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
  • May 15 Karlis Ulmanis names himself fascist dictator of Latvia
  • May 18 Academy Award 1st called Oscar in print by Sidney Skolsky
  • May 18 Jimmie Foxx hits 1st HR in Comiskey Park center field bleachers
  • May 18 TWA begins commercial service
  • May 19 Military coup by Colonel Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
  • May 19 Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
  • May 21 Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes first US city to fingerprint its citizens

ExecutionBonnie and Clyde Killed

May 23 American outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow - Bonnie and Clyde - are killed by police in an ambush near Sailes, Louisiana

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FBI photo of the car carrying Bonnie and Clyde after the shootout
FBI photo of the car carrying Bonnie and Clyde after the shootout
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  • May 23 The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers
  • May 24 Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
  • May 25 Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premieres
  • May 26 Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
  • May 28 Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy
  • May 28 The Glyndebourne festival in Sussex, England, inaugurated

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Alette Beaujon, Curacaos poet (Gedichten on the Bay & Elsewhere)
  • May 1 Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Mexican politician
  • May 6 Richard Shelby, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 7th district), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • May 8 Leonard Hoffmann, high court judge
  • May 8 Roger Kendrick, governor (Dartmoor Prison)
  • May 9 John Robertson, deputy chairman (Barclays de Zoete Wedd)
  • May 9 Roy Massey, Master of Choristers (Hereford Cathedral)
  • May 10 William Lithgow, Scottish industrialist/multi-millionaire
  • May 11 James M Jeffords, (Rep-R-VT, 1975- )
  • May 12 Elechi Amadi, Nigerian novelist (The Concubine), born in Aluu (d. 2016)
  • May 13 Adolf Muschg, Swiss writer (Gruppe Olten), born in Zollikon
  • May 15 David Robin Francis Guy Greville, 8th Duke of Warwick
  • May 16 Anthony Walker, British army officer (Commandant of the Royal College of Defense Studies)
  • May 16 Nicholas Goodison, CEO (TSB Group)
  • May 19 James Charles Lehrer, news anchor (McNeil-Lehrer Report), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • May 19 Ruskin Bond, Indian author
  • May 21 Phillip King, British sculptor
  • May 21 Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • May 23 Malcolm Gill, deputy head (Bank for Intl Settlements)
  • May 24 Jane Byrne, American politician (50th Mayor of Chicago), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • May 25 Ron Nesson, American press secretary (Gerald Ford), born in Washington, D.C.
  • May 26 Dullah Omar, South African attorney and UDF-leader, born in Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa (d. 2004)

Person of interestAlexey Leonov

May 30 Alexei Leonov, Russian cosmonaut (Voskhod 2, first person to walk in space), born in Listvyanka, Soviet Union (d. 2019)

Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov
Cosmonaut
Alexey Leonov

Deaths in History

  • May 2 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, dies at 59
  • May 11 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist & honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1920), dies at 81

Person of interestBonnie Parker

May 23 Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush in Louisiana at 23

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker

Person of interestClyde Barrow

May 23 Clyde Barrow, American outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush in Louisiana at 25

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • May 27 Meijer Linnewiel, [Prof Kokadorus], Amsterdam street hawker, dies
  • May 30 Tōgō Heihachirō, Imperial Japanese Navy admiral and one of Japan's greatest naval heroes, dies at 86