On This Day

October 1934 in History

Events in History


AgreementTreaty of Interest

Oct 1 Adolf Hitler expands German army and navy, violating Treaty of Versailles

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

MurderMurder of Interest

Oct 8 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

MurderAssassination

Oct 9 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • Oct 14 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Mao Zedong and 25,000 troops begin their 6,000 mile Long March from the south of China to the north and west

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Oct 17 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 In East Liverpool, Ohio, notorious bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shot and killed by FBI agents

  • Oct 23 Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 2 Duncan Thomson, keeper (Scottish National Portrait Gallery)
  • Oct 2 Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote, British high court judge, born in Dehradun, India
  • Oct 3 Hiteswar Saikia, Indian politician and Chief Minister of Assam (1983-85, 1991-96), born in Nazira, Assam, British India (d. 1996)
  • Oct 4 Malva M Basoalto, daughter of Pablo Neruda & Marie Hagenaar Vogelzang
  • Oct 5 Angelo Buono, Jr., American serial killer, born in Rochester, New York (d. 2002)
  • Oct 7 Ulrike Meinhof, West German far left militant, born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1976)
  • Oct 8 J. Carter Brown, American art director (Washington National Gallery), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2002)
  • Oct 9 Jacobo Majluta Azar, 47th President of the Dominican Republic (1978-82), born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (d. 1996)
  • Oct 9 Jill Ker Conway, Australian-American author, first female president of Smith College, born in Hillston, Australia (d. 2018)
  • Oct 12 Richard Meier, American architect and abstract artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Oct 12 Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician, known for his work in probability theory, statistics and financial mathematics, born in Shchyolkovo, Russia
  • Oct 17 Barend P Tammeling, Dutch journalist (Trouw, Groninger Gezinsbode)
  • Oct 18 Chuck Swindoll, American evangelist
  • Oct 19 Yakubu Gowon, Nigerian army chief, dictator and head of state (1966–75), born in Plateau State, Nigeria
  • Oct 20 Michiko, empress of Japan
  • Oct 21 Jerry Lewis, (Rep-R-California, 1979- )
  • Oct 26 Ulrich Plenzdorf, German writer (Die neuen Leiden des jungen W.), born in Berlin (d. 2007)
  • Oct 27 David Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, born in Hammersmith, London
  • Oct 27 Frederick Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, born in Hammersmith, London
  • Oct 29 Karl Francis Hettinger, American police officer (Onion Field survivor), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1994)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 8 South Korean President Syngman Rhee (59) weds Francesca Donner (34)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee

Deaths in History

  • Oct 9 J-Louis-F Barthou, French writer, French Premier and Foreign Minister, assassinated by Croatian nationalist at 72
  • Oct 9 King Alexander I, of Yugoslavia (1921-34), assassinated by a Bulgarian revolutionary at 45
  • Oct 12 Gertrude Käsebier, American photographer dies aged 82
  • Oct 15 Raymond Poincaré, French president and Prime Minister (1912), dies at 74
  • Oct 17 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), dies at 82
  • Oct 19 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (houtgravures), dies at 63

Person of interestPretty Boy Floyd

Oct 22 Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, American gangster and FBI Most Wanted criminal, shot dead at 30 by the FBI in Ohio

  • Oct 25 Frank Sprague, American inventor who installed the first U.S. electric trolley system, dies at 77