On This Day

1934 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 217

  • May 24 Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
  • May 26 Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
  • May 28 Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy
  • May 28 The Glyndebourne festival in Sussex, England, inaugurated

KnightedKnighthood

Jun 4 Dr Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, is knighted

  • Jun 5 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (NYC)
  • Jun 6 Securities & Exchange Commission established
  • Jun 10 USSR & Romania re-establish diplomatic relations
  • Jun 11 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes the break-up of William Boeing's empire into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] and United Airlines

Aviation Pioneer William Boeing
Aviation Pioneer
William Boeing

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jun 14 Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 14 WOQ-AM in Kansas City Missouri goes off the air
  • Jun 15 Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated
  • Jun 18 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • Jun 19 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger
FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis

  • Jun 25 Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets v Australia (7-61 & 8-43)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 26 Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 W.E.B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Jun 27 Federal Savings & Loan Association created
  • Jun 28 Hitler flies to Essen (for Night of Long Knives)
  • Jun 30 "Night of Long Knives" - Adolf Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party
  • Jun 30 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • Jul 1 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY
  • Jul 2 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
  • Jul 3 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria IL
  • Jul 4 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment

InventionHistoric Invention

Jul 4 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb

Physicist and Inventor Leó Szilárd
Physicist and Inventor
Leó Szilárd
  • Jul 5 "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Jul 10 1st sitting US President to visit South America, FDR in Colombia
  • Jul 11 FDR became 1st US President to travel through Panama Canal
  • Jul 12 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Orogrande NM (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
  • Jul 14 NY Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time

  • Jul 15 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • Jul 20 118°F (48°C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
  • Jul 21 113°F (45°C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
  • Jul 24 1st ptarmigan hatched and reared in captivity, Ithaca, NY
  • Jul 25 Failed Nazi coup in Austria
  • Jul 27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • Jul 28 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
  • Aug 2 1st airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it
  • Aug 2 Adolf Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of German armed forces
  • Aug 2 William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour
  • Aug 3 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself "Führer" (leader)
  • Aug 4 II British Empire Games open at London's White City Stadium
  • Aug 6 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 US Court of Appeals upheld lower court ruling striking down government's attempt to ban controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses"

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • Aug 9 4th Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the White City Stadium in London, England
  • Aug 11 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay
  • Aug 16 US ends occupation of Haiti (been there since 1915)
  • Aug 16 US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028' (923 m) in Bathysphere
  • Aug 19 The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
  • Sep 1 Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced
  • Sep 1 SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
  • Sep 3 Tunisia began its move for independence
  • Sep 8 Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle bound for NJ catches fire, 133 die
  • Sep 9 G Kaufman & M Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 12 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
  • Sep 17 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switzerland & Portugal vote no)
  • Sep 18 St Louis Brown Bobo Newsom loses no-hitter to Boston in 10, 2-1
  • Sep 18 USSR admitted to League of Nations
  • Sep 19 Bruno Haptmann arrested for kidnapping Lindbergh baby
  • Sep 21 Typhoon strikes Honshu Island Japan, kills 4,000
  • Sep 22 An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers
  • Sep 25 John Van Druten's "Distaff Side" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 26 British liner Queen Mary is launched
  • Sep 30 St Louis Card clinch pennant as Dizzy Dean wins his 30th of year
  • Sep 30 Charley O'Leary becomes the oldest person at 58 to get a hit in the majors
  • Oct 1 Adolf Hitler expands German army and navy, violating Treaty of Versailles

MurderMurder of Interest

Oct 8 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

MurderAssassination

Oct 9 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • Oct 14 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Mao Zedong and 25,000 troops begin their 6,000 mile Long March from the south of China to the north and west

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Oct 17 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 In East Liverpool, Ohio, notorious bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shot and killed by FBI agents

  • Oct 23 Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)
  • Nov 7 Arthur L. Mitchell, becomes first African American Democratic US congressman (Illinois)
  • Nov 8 Ford Frick, NL publicity director, is named league president
  • Nov 11 WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC & becomes KICK-AM
  • Nov 15 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C Urey (deuterium)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 20 Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour" premieres in NYC

Playwright Lillian Hellman
Playwright
Lillian Hellman
  • Nov 20 New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers)
  • Nov 21 "Uiver" returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race
  • Nov 22 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show
  • Nov 23 An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • Nov 24 SN Behrman's "Rain from Heaven" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 26 German theologist Karl Barth surrenders to Nazis
  • Nov 26 Turkish regiment decrees importing family names
  • Nov 27 Bank robber Baby Face Nelson dies in a shoot-out with the FBI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 28 Winston Churchill tells British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin not to under estimate German air power

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin

MurderAssassination

Dec 1 Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov is assassinated and Joseph Stalin uses it as an excuse to begin his Great Purge of 1934-38

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Dec 2 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
  • Dec 3 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • Dec 3 KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

InventionScientific Discovery

Dec 7 Wiley Post discovers the jet stream

Aviator Wiley Post
Aviator
Wiley Post
  • Dec 8 Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock" premieres in Zurich

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 273

  • May 6 Richard Shelby, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 7th district), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • May 8 Leonard Hoffmann, high court judge
  • May 8 Roger Kendrick, governor (Dartmoor Prison)
  • May 9 John Robertson, deputy chairman (Barclays de Zoete Wedd)
  • May 9 Roy Massey, Master of Choristers (Hereford Cathedral)
  • May 10 William Lithgow, Scottish industrialist/multi-millionaire
  • May 11 James M Jeffords, (Rep-R-VT, 1975- )
  • May 12 Elechi Amadi, Nigerian novelist (The Concubine), born in Aluu (d. 2016)
  • May 13 Adolf Muschg, Swiss writer (Gruppe Olten), born in Zollikon
  • May 15 David Robin Francis Guy Greville, 8th Duke of Warwick
  • May 16 Anthony Walker, British army officer (Commandant of the Royal College of Defense Studies)
  • May 16 Nicholas Goodison, CEO (TSB Group)
  • May 19 James Charles Lehrer, news anchor (McNeil-Lehrer Report), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • May 19 Ruskin Bond, Indian author
  • May 21 Phillip King, British sculptor
  • May 21 Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • May 23 Malcolm Gill, deputy head (Bank for Intl Settlements)
  • May 25 Ron Nesson, American press secretary (Gerald Ford), born in Washington, D.C.
  • May 26 Dullah Omar, South African attorney and UDF-leader, born in Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa (d. 2004)

Person of interestAlexey Leonov

May 30 Alexei Leonov, Russian cosmonaut (Voskhod 2, first person to walk in space), born in Listvyanka, Soviet Union (d. 2019)

Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov
Cosmonaut
Alexey Leonov
  • Jun 1 Willy Roggeman, Flemish writer (Goldfish, Nardis)
  • Jun 3 Rolland D. McCune, American theologian
  • Jun 4 Carl Fredrik Reutersward, Swedish artist (knotted-gun sculpture), born in Stockholm (d. 2016)
  • Jun 5 Bill D Moyers, Hugo Oklahoma, news commentator (Bill Moyers' Journal)
  • Jun 5 F Curtis Michel, LaCrosse Wisconsin, astronaut
  • Jun 5 Gwen Swire, British social worker
  • Jun 6 Albert II, King of Belgium (1993-2013), born in Stuyvenberg Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
  • Jun 6 Roy Innis, American activist, leader of the Congress of Racial Equality, born in St. Croix, US Virgin Islands (d. 2017)
  • Jun 9 Donald Duck, famous fowl
  • Jun 9 Michael Mates, British politician (C) resigned during Asil Nadir scandal, born in Brentford, Middlesex
  • Jun 10 Paul Gibson, British high court judge
  • Jun 11 Henrik [Henri Marie Jean André de Laborde de Monpezat], Prince Consort of Denmark, born in Talence, Gironde, France (d. 2018)
  • Jun 11 Lady Annabel Goldsmith, English socialite, born in Westminster, London
  • Jun 16 Lord Patrick Beresforord, blood-stock agent
  • Jun 16 William Forsyth Sharpe, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • Jun 16 Elvira Vinogradova, Russian TV persona
  • Jun 18 Brian Kenny, deputy supreme allied commander (Europe)
  • Jun 18 Carl de Winter, sect-gen (Federation of British Artists)
  • Jun 18 Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Japanese manga artist (d. 2004)
  • Jun 19 Terence Clark, British diplomat
  • Jun 20 Brian Barder, British high commissar (Australia)
  • Jun 21 Wulf Kirsten, German writer, born in Klipphausen, Meissen
  • Jun 26 John V Tunney, American politician (Rep/Sen-D-California), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jun 26 Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist and spy, born in England (d. 1965)
  • Jun 28 Carl Levin, American politician (U.S. Senator from Michigan), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jun 29 Carl Levin, American attorney and politician (U. S. Senator from Michigan), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jun 30 Harry Blackstone, Jr., American stage magician (Blackstone Book of Magic & Illusion), born in Three Rivers, Michigan (d. 1997)
  • Jul 3 Manfred Bieler, German writer (The Rabbit is Me), born in Zerbst, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2002)
  • Jul 7 Robert McNeill Alexander, British zoologist (estimated speed of dinosaurs, born in Lisburn, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • Jul 8 Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician

Person of interestMichael Graves

Jul 9 Michael Graves, American postmodernist architect, born in Indianapolis, Indiana

Architect Michael Graves
Architect
Michael Graves
  • Jul 10 Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2012)

Person of interestGiorgio Armani

Jul 11 Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer (American Gigolo), born in Piacenza, Italy

Fashion Designer Giorgio Armani
Fashion Designer
Giorgio Armani
  • Jul 13 Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)

Person of interestWole Soyinka

Jul 13 Wole Soyinka, Nigerian playwright and poet (Road, Kongi's Harvest-Nobel 1986), born in Abeokuta, near Ibadan, Nigeria

Playwright Wole Soyinka
Playwright
Wole Soyinka
  • Jul 14 Leo Joseph Koury, Pitts, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • Jul 15 Simon Gournlay, president (British National Farmer's Union)
  • Jul 16 Donald Payne, New Jersey Congressman (1989-2012), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • Jul 17 Rainer Kisch, German writer, born in Döbeln
  • Jul 17 Lucio Tan, Chinese Filipino businessman (Philippine Airlines), in Amoy China
  • Jul 19 Francisco Sá Carneiro, 109th Prime Minister of Portugal, born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1980)
  • Jul 20 Ralph C RInzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys)
  • Jul 20 Uwe Johnson, German writer
  • Jul 21 Edolphus Towns, American politician (Rep-D-New York, 1983-2013), born in Chadbourn, North Carolina
  • Jul 23 Nicholas Barrington, British high commissioner (Pakistan) and author (A passage to Nuristan: exploring the mysterious Afghan hinterland)
  • Jul 24 Thomas Ambler, CEO (Texaco)
  • Jul 24 Sante Kimes, American convicted con artist and murderess
  • Jul 27 John Pardoe, British businessman and CEO (Sight & Sound Education) and Liberal Party politician
  • Jul 28 Norman D Shumway, American politician (Rep-R-California, 1979-91), born in Phoeniz, Arizona
  • Aug 2 Valery Bykovsky, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, 31), born in Pavlovsky Posad, Russia
  • Aug 4 Jonas Savimbi, Angolan revolutionary politician and military leader who founded the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), born in Munhango, Bié, Portuguese Angola (d. 2002)
  • Aug 4 Rutger Kopland [Rutger van den Hoofdakker], Dutch poet
  • Aug 5 Wendell Berry, American poet, writer and farmer, born in Henry County, Kentucky
  • Aug 6 John Storey Bonington, UK, mountain climber (Annapurna I in 1970)
  • Aug 6 Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob, UK, sci-fi author (Chthon, Phthor)
  • Aug 8 Julian Dixon, American politician (Rep-D-California, 1979-2000), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2000)
  • Aug 9 Yves Coppens, French anthropologist, born in Vannes, France
  • Aug 11 Bob Hepple, South African-born academic and master of Clare College Cambridge, (d. 2015)
  • Aug 12 Kenneth Eaton, Controller (British Navy)
  • Aug 14 Robin McLaren, British ambassador (China)
  • Aug 15 Valentin Varlamov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Sukhaya Tereshka, Russia (d. 1980)
  • Aug 16 Diana Wynne Jones, UK, sci-fi author (Drowned Ammet, Witch Week)
  • Aug 16 Ed van Thijn, (Jewish) Dutch foreign min/mayor (Amsterdam, 1983-94)
  • Aug 18 Vincent Bugliosi, American attorney and author (Helter-Skelter), born in Hibbing, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • Aug 19 David F Durenberger, Minn, (Sen-R-MN, 1978- )

Person of interestNorman Schwarzkopf

Aug 22 Norman Schwarzkopf, US Army General and commander of coalition forces in the Gulf War, born in Trenton, New Jersey (d. 2012)

US General Norman Schwarzkopf
US General
Norman Schwarzkopf
  • Aug 25 John Stears, special effects expert (Dr No), born in Middlesex, England
  • Aug 25 Valery F. Bykovsky, USSR cosmonaut (Vostok V, Soyuz 22, 31/39), born in Pavlovsky Posad, Soviet Union
  • Aug 25 Lise Bacon, French-Canadian politician, born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Canada
  • Aug 25 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, 4th President of Iran (1989-97) and de facto commander-in-chief of the Iranian military during the Iran-Iraq War, born in Bahreman, Persia (d. 2017)
  • Aug 26 Gordon Clough, English journalist (BBC Radio 4), born in Salford, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 29 David Pryor, American politician (Sen-D Arkansas, 1979-97), born in Camden, Arkansas
  • Sep 1 Terepai Maoate, Rarotonga, Cook Islands, Prime Minister of the Cook Islands (1999-2002), (d. 2012)
  • Sep 2 Hilla Becher (née Wobeser), German artist, worked collaboratively with husband Bernd Becher, born in Potsdam Germany (d. 2015)

Person of interestClive Granger

Sep 4 Clive Granger, Welsh-born British economist (Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences 2003), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 2009)

Economist Clive Granger
Economist
Clive Granger
  • Sep 7 Omar Karami, Prime Minister of Lebanon (1990-92, 2004-05), born in An Nouri
  • Sep 7 Mary Bauermeister, German artist, born in Frankfurt
  • Sep 8 Rodrigue Biron, Canadian politician, born in Sainte-Croix, Quebec
  • Sep 9 Sonia Sanchez, US playwright/poet (The Bronx is Next)
  • Sep 10 James L Oberstar, American politician (Rep-D-Minnesota, 1975-2011), born in Chisholm, Minnesota, (d. 2014)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History