On This Day

October 1935 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Mussolini's Italian army attacks Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Oct 2 NY Hayden Planetarium, 4th in US, opens
  • Oct 3 Italy invades Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Ethiopian War
  • Oct 6 Italian army occupies Adua Abyssinia
  • Oct 6 Market Street Railway, San Francisco, starts using trackless trolley coaches
  • Event of interestEvent of Interest

    Oct 7 Himmler, Hess and Heydrich inspect the concentration camp at Dachau

    Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
    Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
    Heinrich Himmler
    • Oct 10 Coup under Gen Giorgios Kondylis in favor of Greek monarchy
    • Oct 10 League of Nations denounces Italian invasion of Abyssinia

    Event of interestEvent of Interest

    Oct 19 Mao Zedong's army reaches Shanxi

    Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
    Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
    Mao Zedong
    • Oct 20 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
    • Oct 20 Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels
    • Oct 20 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence
    • Oct 22 Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union
    • Oct 23 Gabby Hartnett selected NL MVP
    • Oct 23 Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.

    Electoral defeatElection of Interest

    Oct 23 Mackenzie King is elected as Prime Minister of Canada for the third time

    10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
    10th Prime Minister of Canada
    Mackenzie King
    • Oct 25 Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie & Jacmel Haiti
    • Oct 27 SDAP and NVV launches "Plan for Work" in Utrect, Netherlands
    • Oct 28 Sidney Kingsley's "Dead End" premieres in NYC

    Birthdays in History

    Person of interestRobert Henry Lawrence, Jr.

    Oct 2 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr., 1st African-American astronaut and U.S. Air Force major, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)

    • Oct 3 Charles "Charlie" Duke Jr, American Brigadier General and astronaut (Apol 16), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
    • Oct 7 Thomas Keneally, Australian writer (Schindler's List), born in Sydney, Australia
    • Oct 8 Albert Roux, French chef and restaurateur (Le Gavroche, 1st Michelin three-starred restaurant in Britain), born in Semur-en-Brionnais, Saône-et-Loire, France (d. 2021) [1]
    • Oct 9 Don McCullin, British photographer, born in London, England
    • Oct 9 Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in London, England
    • Oct 10 André Bureau, French Canadian lawyer and communications executive, born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada
    • Oct 10 Khalil al-Wazir [Abu Jihad], Founder of Palestinian group Fatah and PLO leader, born in Ramla, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1988)
    • Oct 10 Ousmane Sow, Senegalese sculptor, born in Dhakar (d. 2016)
    • Oct 12 William Raspberry, American columnist (Pulitzer 1994), born in Okolona, Mississippi (d. 2012)
    • Oct 15 Murdo Alex MacLeod, Free Church of Scotland minister, born in Ness, Lewis (d. 1995)
    • Oct 18 John B. Coleman, American hotel magnate (Ritz Carlton), born in Boston, Massachusetts
    • Oct 25 Russell Luis Schweickart, astronaut (Apollo 9), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey
    • Oct 30 Ágota Kristóf, Hungarian writer (The Notebook), born in Csikvánd, Hungary (d. 2011)
    • Oct 30 Robert Caro, American journalist and biographer (Lyndon B. Johnson), born in NYC, New York

    Deaths in History

    • Oct 4 Jean Béraud, French painter (b. 1849)
    • Oct 10 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), dies at 72
    • Oct 11 Steele Rudd, Australian author (b. 1868)
    • Oct 20 Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor, dies at 91
    • Oct 23 Abe Landau, American gangster, murdered
    • Oct 23 Dutch Schultz [Arthur Flegenheimer], American gangster, murdered at 33
    • Oct 23 Otto "Aba Daba" Berman, American gangster, murdered