On This Day

1936 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 218

  • Jun 28 Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China
  • Jun 29 Empire State Building broadcasts high definition TV-343 lines

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Pius XI encyclical to US bishops "On motion pictures"

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • Jun 30 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie asks the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jun 30 Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" published

  • Jul 1 AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
  • Jul 1 Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 4 League of Nations ends sanctions against Italy after Italian takeover of Abyssinia
  • Jul 5 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)
  • Jul 6 114°F (46°C), Moorhead, Minnesota (state record)
  • Jul 6 121°F (49°C), Steele, North Dakota (state record)
  • Jul 6 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell
  • Jul 10 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)
  • Jul 10 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record)
  • Jul 10 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)

  • Jul 10 112°F (44°C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record)
  • Jul 10 New Straits Convention allows Turkish re-armament of Dardanelles
  • Jul 11 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx and Queens opens
  • Jul 13 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
  • Jul 13 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin (state record)
  • Jul 14 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)
  • Jul 15 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • Jul 16 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Jul 18 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 18 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison

  • Jul 19 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • Jul 24 118°F (48°C), Minden, Nebraska (state record)
  • Jul 24 121°F (49°C), near Alton, Kansas (state record)
  • Jul 24 Generals Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-government
  • Jul 25 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx
  • Jul 26 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Aug 1 Benjamin Mays named president of Morehouse College
  • Aug 4 Ioannis Metaxas names himself dictator of Greece

  • Aug 10 114°F (46°C) at Plain Dealing, Louisiana (state record)
  • Aug 10 120°F (49°C) at Ozark, Arkansas (state record)
  • Aug 11 Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton
  • Aug 12 120°F (49°C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
  • Aug 14 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States
  • Aug 17 An unemployed worker, Neils B. Ruud, in Madison, Wisconsin, receives the first unemployment benefit check paid under a State law, for $15
  • Aug 18 106.5°F - Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa
  • Aug 19 Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
  • Aug 24 Australian Antarctic Territory created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 24 FDR gives the FBI the authority to pursue fascists and communists

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Aug 25 Odourless cornstarch is patented in the US by Ralph W. Kerr
  • Sep 2 1st transatlantic "ping-pong'' round-trip air flight from NY to England an back begins, piloted by Dick Merrill with Harry Richman
  • Sep 4 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain
  • Sep 4 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 7 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Sep 7 The last surviving member of the thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo (Hobart, Tasmania, Australia)
  • Sep 8 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged

MurderMurder of Interest

Sep 13 Acting on the orders of Louis Buchalter, Murder Inc. killers gun down Joseph Rosen, a Brooklyn candy store owner

  • Sep 14 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.
  • Sep 21 Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander
  • Sep 25 Joe Medwick sets a still-standing NL record with his 64th double
  • Sep 27 Franco troops conquer Toledo
  • Sep 27 Netherlands leave Gold Standard/devaluate guilder
  • Sep 29 Radio used for 1st time for a presidential campaign
  • Sep 30 International Commission of Straits (Dardanelles & Bosphorus) ends
  • Sep 30 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England
  • Oct 1 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
  • Oct 2 1st alcohol power plant forms, Atchison, Kansas
  • Oct 2 Amsterdam's Calvinist Churches reject Nazism
  • Oct 2 French franc devalued, relatively late and after Britain (1931) and the US (1933)
  • Oct 4 Italian lire devalued
  • Oct 5 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • Oct 9 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles
  • Oct 11 "Professor Quiz" first radio quiz show premieres
  • Oct 13 Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleve Stadium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Jean Batten reaches Auckland, New Zealand after flying solo from Kent, England in a record 11 days and 45 minutes

Aviator Jean Batten
Aviator
Jean Batten
  • Oct 19 HR Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18½ days
  • Oct 20 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • Oct 22 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii

USAStatue of Liberty

Oct 28 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

Learn More
The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
Learn More
  • Oct 31 The Boy Scouts of the Philippines formed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Nov 1 Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (then Cowboys' Turtle Association) is established after disagreement with rodeo promoter W.T. Johnson, who finally gives in to cowboys' pay demands
  • Nov 3 President Franklin D. Roosevelt wins a second term in office, defeating Republican candidate Alf Landon in the most lopsided election in American history in terms of electoral vote

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • Nov 6 RCA displays TV for press
  • Nov 6 Terence Rattigan's play "French Without Tears" premieres in London
  • Nov 7 Battle of Madrid begins
  • Nov 9 Albanian government of Frasheri falls
  • Nov 9 American fashion designer Ruth Harkness captures a panda cub (Su Lin) in China - becomes 1st live panda cub to enter the US

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Nov 12 Nobel for literature awarded to Eugene O'Neill

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Nov 12 Oakland Bay Bridge opens
  • Nov 12 St Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes & William O DeWitt
  • Nov 15 Nazi-Germany & Japan sign Anti-Komintern pact
  • Nov 16 German air force begins bombing of Madrid
  • Nov 17 Edgar Bergen & Charlie McCarthy become overnight success on radio
  • Nov 18 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco
  • Nov 18 Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined
  • Nov 20 Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad
  • Nov 23 1st issue of Life picture magazine created by Henry R Luce published
  • Nov 24 German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for uncovering German re-armament
  • Nov 25 Germany & Japan sign anti-Komintern pact
  • Nov 30 London's Crystal Palace (built 1851) destroyed by fire
  • Dec 1 Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 282

  • May 10 Trevor Clay, Gen-Sec (Royal College of Nursing)
  • May 10 Jayne Cortez, Fort Huachuca, Arizona, poet (I see Chano Pozo), (d. 2012)
  • May 11 Ulrich Berkes, German writer, born in Salle
  • May 12 Guillermo Endara, President of Panama
  • May 12 Frank Stella, American artist, born in Malden, Massachusetts
  • May 13 Alan Rayfield, governor (Long Latin Prison)
  • May 15 Donald [Anthony] Moffitt, American sci-fi author (Jupiter Theft)
  • May 15 Paul Zindel, playwright (Effects of Gamma Rays on Marigolds)
  • May 15 Wavy Gravy, American clown and activist
  • May 15 Ralph Steadman, British cartoonist
  • May 16 Philippe de Montebello, art exhibitionist (Treasures of Tut), born in Paris, France
  • May 16 Karl Lehmann, German Catholic cardinal
  • May 17 Lars Gustafsson, writer
  • May 21 Ama Samy, Burma, Jesuit priest/Zen teacher/disciple of Yamada Koun
  • May 21 Dipak Nandy, founder (Runnymead Trust)
  • May 21 Abdul Taib Mahmud, 4th Chief Minister of Sarawak (1981-2014) and 7th Governor of Sarawak (2014-), born in Miri, Kingdom of Sarawak
  • May 22 George H. Heilmeier, American engineer (helped invent LCD displays), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • May 22 M. Scott Peck, American psychiatrist and writer (The Road Less Traveled), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • May 23 Douglas John Gorman, businessman
  • May 27 Benjamin Bathurst, vice chief of British Defense Staff
  • May 27 Lord Holme, president British Liberal Party
  • May 27 Marcel Masse, Canadian politician
  • May 28 Claude Forget, French-Canadian politician
  • May 28 Frank Orr, Canadian sports author and journalist (Hockey Hall of Fame; Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award; Toronto Star), born in Hillsburgh, Ontario (d. 2021)
  • May 31 Zevulun Hammer, Israeli politician, minister and Deputy Prime Minister of Israel (1996-98), born in Haifa, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1998)
  • Jun 3 David Nicholls, priest/theologian/political theorist
  • Jun 3 Harry Pitt, vice chancellor (Reading University)
  • Jun 3 Larry McMurtry, American Pulitzer Prize winning novelist (Lonesome Dove), and Academy Award-winning scriptwriter (Brokeback Mountain), born in Wichita Falls, Texas (d. 2021)
  • Jun 3 Philip J Attenborough, CEO/publisher (Hodder & Stoughton)
  • Jun 4 David Lyon, CEO (Bowater), born in London
  • Jun 5 Barry Wilson, deputy chief (British Defense Staff)
  • Jun 6 Richard Green, American sexologist, lawyer, and author who advocated for gay and transsexual rights, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2019)
  • Jun 8 Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist (Nobel 1982), born in Waltham, Massachusetts (d. 2013)
  • Jun 10 Graham Carleton Greene, British literary agent
  • Jun 11 Bryan Ingham, English artist, born in Preston, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • Jun 12 Bill Zeliff, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New Hampshire (1991-97), born in East Orange, New Jersey
  • Jun 14 Irmelin Sandman Lilius, Swedish-Finnish writer, born in Helsinki
  • Jun 15 William Joseph Levada, American Catholic prelate
  • Jun 16 August Willemsen, Dutch poet/translator
  • Jun 18 Ian Spurling, Australian born ballet designer (The Royal Ballet), born in South Australia (d. 1996)
  • Jun 18 Ronald Venetian, President of Suriname (1991-96, 2000-2010), born in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • Jun 23 Costas Simitis, Prime Minister of Greece
  • Jun 25 Paul Nowee, Dutch writer of children's and youth books. (Eagle's Eye), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • Jun 25 B. J. Habibie, 3rd President of Indonesia (1998-99) who liberalized Indonesia's press and political party laws, born in Parepare, South Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies (d. 2019)
  • Jun 26 Robert Maclennan, Baron Maclennan of Rogart, born in Glasgow
  • Jun 27 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2011)
  • Jun 27 Lucille Clifton, American poet (Two-Headed Woman), born in Depew, New York (d. 2010)
  • Jun 28 Gisela Kraft, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 2010)
  • Jun 28 Major R Owens, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1983-2007), born in Collierville, Tennessee (d. 2013)
  • Jun 29 Kigeli V, last King of Rwanda (1959-61), born in Kamembe, Rwanda (d. 2016)
  • Jun 30 Tom Frost, American rock climber (founder gear & apparel company Patagonia), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2018)
  • Jul 2 Omar Suleiman, Qena, Egypt, army general and intelligence officer, (d. 2012)
  • Jul 3 Anthony Lester, British barrister and Member of the House of Lords
  • Jul 5 James Mirrlees, Scottish economist (Nobel 1996), born in Minnigaff, Scotland
  • Jul 9 June Jordan, Caribbean-American playwright and poet (His Own Where), born in Harlem, New York (d. 2002)
  • Jul 10 Barbara B. Kennelly, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Jul 14 Robert F Overmyer, Lorain Ohio, Col USMC/astronaut (STS 5, STS 51B)
  • Jul 15 George V. Voinovich, US politician (R), Senator and Governor of Ohio, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Jul 19 Connie Kurtz, American Gay Rights advocate, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jul 20 Barbara A Mikulski, (Rep-D-MD, 1977-86/Sen-D-MD, 1986- )

Person of interestAnthony Kennedy

Jul 23 Anthony Kennedy, 106th US Supreme Court justice (1988-2018), born in Sacramento, California

106th US Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy
106th US Supreme Court Justice
Anthony Kennedy
  • Jul 24 Ruth Buzzi, Westerly RI, comedienne (Laugh-In, Margie-That Girl)
  • Jul 25 Glenn Murcutt, Australian architect (winner of Pritzker Architecture Prize 2002), born in London
  • Jul 27 J. Robert Hooper, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2008)
  • Jul 29 Elizabeth Hanford Dole, US Secretary of Transportation (1983-87)
  • Jul 30 John Burton-Hall, Dorset England, captain (QE2)
  • Jul 30 Infanta Pilar of Spain, Duchess of Badajoz, daughter of Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona and Princess María Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, born in Cannes, French Third Republic
  • Aug 1 Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer, born in Oran, French Algeria (d. 2008)
  • Aug 2 Christopher Hogg, British industrialist and CEO (Courtaulds & Reuters)
  • Aug 7 Richard L. Tierney, American sci-fi author (Winds of Zarr), born in Spencer, Iowa
  • Aug 10 Leendert-John Schalm, Dutch banker on Curacao
  • Aug 11 D V Day, Principal (St John's College, Durham U)
  • Aug 11 J L Thompson, Bishop (Bath & Wells)
  • Aug 12 Geoff Hamilton, gardner/journalist
  • Aug 12 Hans Haacke, artist (Right to Life, Dripper Boxes), born in Cologne, Germany
  • Aug 12 John Poindexter, US Chief of Staff
  • Aug 20 Hideki Shirakawa, Japanese chemist (Nobel Prize 2000 - discovery and development of conductive polymers), born in Tokyo
  • Aug 21 Mart Crowley, American playwright (Boys in the Band), born in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Aug 21 Radish Tordia, Georgian painter of Figurative Art, born in Abasha, Georgia
  • Aug 22 Anne Downey, British circuit judge
  • Aug 23 Henry Lee Lucas, American drifter and serial killer, born in Blacksburg, Virginia (d. 2001)
  • Aug 24 William J. Coyne, American politician (Rep-D-Pennsylvania, 1981-2003), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2013)
  • Aug 24 A. S. Byatt, English novelist (The Virgin in the Garden), born in Sheffield, England
  • Aug 24 Kenny Guinn, American businessman and politician, born in Garland, Arkansas (d. 2010)
  • Aug 25 Max Beauvoir, Haiti Chief Voodoo Priest, born in Haiti (d. 2015)
  • Aug 27 Joel Kovel, American politician
  • Aug 28 Harry McLevy, Scottish trade unionist, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1995)

Person of interestJohn McCain

Aug 29 John McCain, American war hero and Republican politician (Rep-Arizona, 1983-2018, Presidential nominee 2008), born in Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone (d. 2018)

US Senator John McCain
US Senator
John McCain
  • Aug 30 Fabrizia Ramondino, Italian author, born in Naples, Italy (d. 2008)
  • Aug 31 Marva Nettles Collins, educator (west side preparatory school)
  • Sep 2 Joan Kennedy, 1st wife of Mass Senator, Ted

Person of interestAndrew Grove

Sep 2 Andrew Grove, Hungarian-American pioneer in the semiconductor industry and one of the founders and CEO of Intel, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2016)

Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel Andrew Grove
Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel
Andrew Grove
  • Sep 3 John Olver, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts), born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania
  • Sep 3 Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, 2nd President of Tunisia (1987-2011), born in Hammam Sousse, French Tunisia (d. 2019)
  • Sep 5 Alcee Hastings, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Altamonte Springs, Florida
  • Sep 5 John C. Danforth, American politician (Sen-R-Missouri, 1976-95), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Sep 5 Jonathan Kozol, American writer and sociologist, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Sep 7 Apostolos Kaklamanis, Greek politician, born in Lefkada, Greece
  • Sep 13 Stefano Delle Chiaie, Italian neo-fascist activist, born in Caserta, Italy
  • Sep 14 Terence Donovan, English fashion photographer, film and video director, born in Stepney, London (d. 1996)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History