On This Day

1936 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 218 of 218

  • Dec 1 EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants
  • Dec 5 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
  • Dec 8 Anastasio Somoza García elected President of Nicaragua
  • Dec 8 NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black & white teachers
  • Dec 10 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 Britain replaces King Edward VIII stamp series with King George VI

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
King of the United Kingdom Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII

King Abdicates for Love of Wallis SimpsonKing Abdicates for Love of Wallis Simpson

Dec 10 Edward VIII signs Instrument of Abdication, giving up the British throne to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson

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Caught off-guard: the Windsors hear a sad dog tale. Photographer: Richard Avedon. National Portrait Gallery, London
Caught off-guard: the Windsors hear a sad dog tale. Photographer: Richard Avedon. National Portrait Gallery, London
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Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Carlos Saavedra Lamas for mediating end to Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia, 1st Latin American to win

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 11 Edward VIII announces in a radio broadcast that he is abdicating the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
King of the United Kingdom Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII

BattleDeclaration of War

Dec 12 Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Dec 15 KVL-AM in Seattle Washington changes call letters to KEEN (now KING)
  • Dec 18 Su-Lin, 1st giant panda to come to US from China, arrives in San Francisco
  • Dec 22 1st common carrier license issued by ICC, Scranton, Pa
  • Dec 23 Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • Dec 24 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered in Berkeley, California
  • Dec 25 Belgian bishops condemn fascism & communism
  • Dec 25 Ron Hamence scores 104 for SA v Queensland before 4,865
  • Dec 30 United Auto Workers stage 1st sit-down strike, at Fisher Body Plant

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 282 of 282

  • Sep 14 Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist (Nobel 1998), born in Whiting, Indiana
  • Sep 14 Harry Danielsen, Norwegian educator and politician, born in Rødøy, Norway (d. 2011)
  • Sep 16 Frits Niessen, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • Sep 17 Jennifer Dickson, South African-British artist and photographer, born in Piet Retief, South Africa
  • Sep 17 Mischa de Vreede, Dutch poetess (Our Eternal Hunger), born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies
  • Sep 17 Richard Gaskell, solicitor/president (Law Society)
  • Sep 21 Yury Luzhkov, Russian politician (2nd Mayor of Moscow, 1992-2010), born in Moscow
  • Sep 22 Bill Orton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Utah), born in North Ogden, Utah (d. 2009)
  • Sep 23 Valentín Paniagua, Peruvian politician
  • Sep 25 Edward Jones, British Army officer (UK Military Representative to NATO in Brussels), born in Altrincham, Cheshire, England
  • Sep 25 Moussa Traoré, Mali soldier, politician and dictator, President of Mali (1968-91), born in Kayes, French Sudan (d. 2020)

Person of interestWinnie Mandela

Sep 26 Winnie Mandela [Winnie Madikizela-Mandela], South African anti-apartheid activist and ANC politician, born in Bizana, Pondoland, South Africa (d. 2018)

Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician Winnie Mandela
Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician
Winnie Mandela
  • Sep 27 Yuri Nikolayevich Stepanov, Russian cosmonaut
  • Sep 28 Sherwood L Boehlert, (Rep-R-NY, 1983- )
  • Sep 29 Michael Partridge, British civil servant
  • Sep 29 Silvio Berlusconi, former Prime Minister of Italy
  • Sep 30 Butler Derrick, (Rep-D-SC, 1974- )
  • Sep 30 James R Sasser, (Sen-D-Tenn, 1977- )
  • Oct 1 Charles G Fullerton, astronaut (STS-3, 51F), born in Rochester, New York
  • Oct 2 Johnnie Cochran, American attorney (O.J. Simpson defense attorney), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2005)
  • Oct 2 Roger Sainsbury, Anglican Bishop of Barking
  • Oct 4 Sally Mary Caroline Belfrage, writer

Person of interestVáclav Havel

Oct 5 Vaclav Havel, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1990-2, Czech Republic, 1993-2003), born in Prague (d. 2011)

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • Oct 6 Rob Touber [Robert J Noordervliet], cabaret director (Capers)
  • Oct 7 Gennadi Mikhailovich Kolesnikov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Dauriya, Russia
  • Oct 8 Rona Barrett, American gossip columnist (Tomorrow Show), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 10 Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2007), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • Oct 13 Elizabeth Furse, American politician (first naturalized American born in Africa to win election to the United States Congress), born in Nairobi, Kenya
  • Oct 13 John Menzies, Scottish publisher and multi-millionaire
  • Oct 16 Andrei Chikatilo, Soviet-Russian serial killer who murdered at least 52 women and children between 1978 and 1990, born in Yabluchne, Ukraine, Soviet Union (d. 1994)
  • Oct 16 Akira Machida, Japanese judge
  • Oct 17 David Hobson, (Rep-R-Ohio)
  • Oct 17 Hiroo Kanamori, Japanese seismologist
  • Oct 19 Johnetta Betsch Cole, educator/president (Spellman College)/(Sen-D-KY)

Person of interestJames Bevel

Oct 19 James Bevel, American civil rights activist (Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Direct Action), born in Itta Bena, Mississippi (d. 2008)

Civil Rights Activist James Bevel
Civil Rights Activist
James Bevel
  • Oct 19 Sylvia Browne, American author and self-proclaimed medium dubbed "America's most controversial psychic", born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2013)
  • Oct 21 James H "Simon" Gray, English playwright (Butley)
  • Oct 22 John Blashford-Snell, British Army officer (founded Operation Raleigh), born in Hereford, England
  • Oct 22 Neville E Alexander, South african (10 years in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • Oct 23 Philip Kaufman, director (Right Stuff, Henry & June)
  • Oct 24 Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • Oct 25 Sir Martin Gilbert, British historian (Winston Churchill biography), born in London, England
  • Oct 28 Horst Antes, German painter and sculptor, born in Heppenheim, Germany
  • Oct 31 Sergei Nikolayevich Gaidukov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Zhuravka, Voronezh, Russia (d. 2008)
  • Nov 2 Rose Elizabeth Bird, California Supreme Court Justice (1977-87), born in Tucson, Arizona (d. 1999)
  • Nov 4 Didier Ratsiraka, President of Madagascar (1975-93), born in Vatomandry, French Madagascar
  • Nov 4 Charles Kenneth "C K" Williams, American poet and translator (Pulitzer prize 2000), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2015)
  • Nov 5 Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (d. 2001)
  • Nov 5 William A. Christenberry, American photographer and artist, born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama (d. 2016)
  • Nov 6 K. Schippers [Gerard Stigter], Dutch author (Een klok en profil), born in Amsterdam
  • Nov 6 Mikhail Vladimirovich Sologub, Russian cosmonaut, born in Buguruslan, Orenburg Oblast (d. 1996)
  • Nov 8 Edward George Gibson, American astronaut (Skylab 4), born in Buffalo, New York
  • Nov 8 Claudio Bravo Camus, Chilean born painter, born in Valparaiso, Chile (d. 2011)
  • Nov 9 Daniel Robert Graham, American politician, 38th Governor of Florida (1979-87), born in Coral Gables, Florida
  • Nov 16 John Moore, Australian politician (Minister of Defence 1998-2001), born in Rockhampton, Queensland
  • Nov 17 Leni van Rijn-Vellekoop, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • Nov 17 Dahlia Ravikovitch, Israeli poet (d. 2005)
  • Nov 19 Dick Cavett, Kearney Neb, talk show host (Dick Cavett Show)
  • Nov 19 Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • Nov 20 Don DeLillo, American author (Underworld), born in New York City
  • Nov 21 Victor Chang, Australian physician (d. 1986)
  • Nov 23 Robert Barnard, British mystery writer
  • Nov 26 Margaret Boden, English philosopher (Research Professor of Cognitive Science in the Department of Informatics at the University of Sussex), born in London
  • Nov 28 Gary Hart, (Sen-D-Co, 1975-86)
  • Nov 29 Gerti Tetzner, German writer, born in Thuringia
  • Nov 30 Abbie Hoffman, aka Free, Yippie/activist/author (Steal this Book)
  • Nov 30 Michael Jinks, child care pioneer
  • Dec 5 James Lee Burke, American writer (Dave Robicheaux series), born in Houston, Texas
  • Dec 6 Kenneth Copeland, American televangelist (Kenneth Copeland Ministries), born in Lubbock, Texas
  • Dec 7 Martha Layne Collins, American businesswoman and politician (56th Governor of Kentucky), born in Bagdad, Kentucky
  • Dec 8 Brad Jurjens, Estonian director (The Bank Job), born in Viljandi, Estonia
  • Dec 11 Hans van den Broek, Dutch politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Paris
  • Dec 11 Taku Yamasaki, Japanese politician (Minister of Construction), born in Dalian, Kwantung Leased Territory, China
  • Dec 13 Karim Aga Khan, Imam of Nizari-Ismaili Shia Islam, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • Dec 14 Robert Alan Ridley Parker, American PhD/astronaut (STS 9, STS 35), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 16 Morris Dees, founder of the Southern Poverty Law Center
  • Dec 17 Frank Martinus Arion [F Efraim M], Antilles, writer (Double Play)

Person of interestPope Francis

Dec 17 Pope Francis [Jorge Mario Bergoglio], Catholic Pope (2013-) 1st Jesuit pope, 1st from the Americas and 1st non-European pope since Syrian Gregory III in 741, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • Dec 25 Alexandra HEOC, English princess/daughter of Sir Angus Ogilvy
  • Dec 26 Kitty Dukakis, substance abuser/wife of Michael (Gov-Mass)
  • Dec 28 Jacques Mesrine, French criminal (d. 1979)
  • Dec 28 Lawrence Schiller, American journalist

Weddings in History


Deaths in History