On This Day

August 1937 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 2 Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Aug 6 US and USSR sign trade treaty
  • Aug 8 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
  • Aug 13 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • Aug 14 China declares war on Japan
  • Aug 14 Appalachian Trail is formally completed, traversing 2,000 miles and 14 US States, Georgia to Maine
  • Aug 18 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
  • Aug 24 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • Aug 24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • Aug 25 Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • Aug 26 Franco's troops conquer Santander
  • Aug 26 Pumping to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay is finished
  • Aug 27 Brooklyn Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
  • Aug 27 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • Aug 28 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • Aug 29 Philadelphia A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • Aug 31 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 1 Al D'Amato, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from NY), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 2 Ronald Brierley, New Zealand investor and company director, born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Aug 3 Diane Wakoski, American poet (Motorcycle Betrayal), born in Whittier, California
  • Aug 4 Jacobus H "Koos" van de Merwe, South African attorney/CP parliament leader
  • Aug 10 Anatoly Sobchak, Russian politician
  • Aug 11 Taki Theodoracopoulos, Greek/British journalist/multi-millionaire
  • Aug 12 Walter Dean Myers, African-American author, born in Martinsburg, West Virginia, (d. 2014)
  • Aug 15 Ronnie G. Flippo, former United States Congressman from Alabama (1977-91), born in Florence, Alabama
  • Aug 16 Andrew J[efferson V] Offutt, American sci-fi author (Undying Wizard)
  • Aug 16 David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • Aug 20 Corrie Moret-de Jong, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • Aug 21 Robert Stone, American novelist (Dog Soldiers, WUSA), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • Aug 21 Donald Campbell Dewar, Scottish politician (1st minister of Scotland's first Parliament in almost 300yrs), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • Aug 22 Max Hebditch, British director (Museum of London), born in Yeovil, England
  • Aug 24 Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, Nigerian politician, born in Abeokuta, Nigeria (d. 1998)
  • Aug 27 Mark Potter, British court judge
  • Aug 29 James Florio, American politician (49th Governor of New Jersey), born in Brooklyn, New York

Deaths in History

  • Aug 6 Annie E F Horniman, England, theater owner (Abbey Theatre), dies at 76
  • Aug 6 Ferdinand CS Schiller, British philosopher (Mind!), dies at 72
  • Aug 6 Annie Horniman, English theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin), dies at 76
  • Aug 11 Bakr Sidqi, general/dictator of Iraq, dies

Person of interestEdith Wharton

Aug 11 Edith Wharton [-Jones], US Pulitzer prize-winning author (House of Mirth), dies at 75

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • Aug 13 Arthur Plunkett, English civil engineer (b. 1890)
  • Aug 14 Sapper, British soldier, novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), dies at 48
  • Aug 22 David C Salas, Antillian writer (Josephina), dies

Person of interestAndrew Mellon

Aug 26 Andrew Mellon, American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), dies at 82

Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon
Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury
Andrew Mellon
  • Aug 27 John Russell Pope, American architect (Jefferson Memorial, National Archives and Records Administration), dies at 63