On This Day

January 1937 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua
  • Jan 1 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
  • Jan 1 US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
  • Jan 1 Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
  • Jan 5 Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session in Nebraska
  • Jan 8 -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
  • Jan 9 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians
  • Jan 9 Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 12 Plough for laying submarine cable patented
  • Jan 15 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19 Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h 28m 25s)

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • Jan 20 -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
  • Jan 20 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Karl Radek and sixteen others go on trial in Moscow as part of the Great Purge, many are sentenced to death

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 25 Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg, Polish author (d. 1995)
  • Jan 2 Marianne McDonald, classicist/philanthropist
  • Jan 9 Klaus Schlesinger, German writer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2001)
  • Jan 10 Thomas Penfield Jackson, American judge, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2013)
  • Jan 12 Liliana Cavani, Italian director (Berlin Affair), born in Carpi, Italy
  • Jan 18 John Hume, Northern Irish politician (jointly awarded Nobel Peace Prize for Good Friday Agreement), born in Derry, Northern Ireland (d. 2020)
  • Jan 21 Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria
  • Jan 22 Joseph Wambaugh, American police writer ("The Onion Fields"), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 22 Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader
  • Jan 25 Kathleen Tynan Halton, Canadian-British journalist & author, born in Canada (d. 1995)
  • Jan 25 Ange-Félix Patassé, President of the Central African Republic, born in Paoua, Central African Republic (d. 2011)
  • Jan 26 Gerrit Gerritse, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • Jan 26 Joseph Saidu Momoh, gen/president (Sierra Leone)
  • Jan 28 Bette Howland [Lee Sotonoff], American writer and literary critic (Blue in Chicago, The iron year), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Jan 31 Steve Karmen, American jingle writer (I Love NY, This Bud's for You), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Jan 31 Andrée Boucher, Canadian politician (mayor of Quebec City), born in Sainte-Foy, Quebec (d. 2007)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 2 Theoretical Physicist Paul Dirac (34) weds Margit Wigner

Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureate Paul Dirac
Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Paul Dirac

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Marie Booth, child of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1864)
  • Jan 6 André Bessette, Canadian Roman Catholic religious figure, dies at 91
  • Jan 14 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist, dies at 47
  • Jan 23 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (Minister of Education), dies at 60