On This Day

July 1937 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Spanish bishops support Francisco Franco and his fascist movement

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear flying over the Pacific Ocean en route to Howland Island. Noonan is declared dead the following year, and Earhart is declared the year after (1939)

  • Jul 5 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
  • Jul 5 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • Jul 5 Spam, the luncheon meat is first introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation
  • Jul 7 Japanese and Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War
  • Jul 12 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto, California
  • Jul 15 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • Jul 15 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • Jul 19 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 22 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections

President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 23 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • Jul 24 Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • Jul 26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 28 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 28 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • Jul 29 Japanese troops occupies Peking and Tientsin
  • Jul 29 Tongzhou Incident: East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians
  • Jul 30 Russian Politburo issues NKVD Order no. 00447, to repress former kulak and anti-soviets, 269,100 to be arrested, 76,000 to be shot. Part of the Great Purge.

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 1 Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim, South African ANCer and Umkhonto we Sizwe-leader, born in Durban, South Africa

Person of interestTom Stoppard

Jul 3 Tom Stoppard, Czech-born British playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard
  • Jul 4 Thomas Nagel, American philosopher and University Professor of Philosophy and Law Emeritus at New York University, born in Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • Jul 5 Brooke Hayward, American author (Haywire), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 5 Frouwke J. Laning-Boersema, Dutch politician (CDA) 2nd Chamber
  • Jul 5 Nita Lowey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 6 Bessie Head, Botswana writer (When Rain Clouds Gather, Maru, A Question of Power), born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (d. 1986)
  • Jul 7 Carroll Hubbard Jr, American politician (Rep-D-KY, 1975-93), born in Murray, Kentuckey

Person of interestDavid Hockney

Jul 9 David Hockney, English artist (Pop Art), born in Bradford, England

  • Jul 11 Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer (Taipei People), born in Guilin, China
  • Jul 12 Mickey Edwards, American Republican congressman (Chairman of the House Republican Policy Committee), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jul 12 Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France (1997-2002), born in Meudon, Hauts-de-Seine, France
  • Jul 14 Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • Jul 16 Richard Bryan, American attorney and politician (25th Governor of Nevada), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 17 Jose Ignacio Cabrujas, writer
  • Jul 18 Roald Hoffmann, Polish-American chemist (Nobel 1981), born in Złoczów, Poland
  • Jul 18 Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2005)
  • Jul 19 Larry Boxx, founder (Land B Computer Serv)
  • Jul 24 Baroness Blatch, British minister of state for Education
  • Jul 24 Quinlan Terry, architect
  • Jul 25 Colin Renfrew, English archeologist (Anatolian hypothesis), born in Stockton-on-Tees, England
  • Jul 27 Anna Dawson, British comedienne (Violet-Keeping Up Appearances), born in Bolton, Lancashire
  • Jul 27 Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator
  • Jul 29 Daniel McFadden, American economist, Nobel Prize Laureate

Person of interestCharles Schwab

Jul 29 Charles Schwab, American investor and entrepreneur (Charles Schwab Corporation), born in Sacramento, California

Investor and Entrepreneur Charles Schwab
Investor and Entrepreneur
Charles Schwab

Deaths in History

  • Jul 2 Fred L Noonan, US navigator, disappeared over Pacific Ocean

Person of interestChester Greenwood

Jul 5 Chester Greenwood, American inventor (invented earmuffs at 15), dies at 78

  • Jul 9 Oliver Law, first African-American commander of U.S. troops (b. 1899)
  • Jul 10 Johan Bernard Schepers, Frisian writer (Braga), dies at 71
  • Jul 13 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw, member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West, dies at 66
  • Jul 15 Walter Gay, artist, dies
  • Jul 18 Julian Bell, British poet (b. 1908)

Person of interestGuglielmo Marconi

Jul 20 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian engineer/marquis (radio, Nobel 1909), dies of a heart attack at 63

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Jul 26 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • Jul 28 Joseph Lee, Father of Playgrounds movement, dies at 88

Person of interestCharles E. Hires

Jul 31 Charles E. Hires, American pharmacist, inventor and manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage, dies at 85

Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer Charles E. Hires
Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer
Charles E. Hires