On This Day

June 1937 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Edith Wharton suffers a heart attack and collapses at the French country home of Ogden Codman

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • Jun 4 Léon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Henry Ford initiates a 32 hour work week

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Famous PhotoVery Rare Photo of the Supreme Court

Jun 7 Time magazine publishes the second of the only two known photos taken of the United States Supreme Court in session

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One of two photos ever taken of the United States Supreme Court in session
One of two photos ever taken of the United States Supreme Court in session
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  • Jun 8 World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
  • Jun 11 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races", directed by Sam Wood, is released in the US

BattleExecution

Jun 12 After a one-day show trial, eight Soviet generals are sentenced to death and executed by the NKVD

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 19 Francisco Franco's troops conquer the Bilbao Basques

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Jun 21 French People's front government-Blum falls
  • Jun 25 Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game
  • Jun 30 The world's first emergency call telephone service is launched in London using the number 999

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 1 Colleen McCullough, Australian author (Tim, Indecent Obsession, The Thorn Birds), born in Wellington, NSW, Australia (d. 2015)
  • Jun 3 Solomon P Ortiz, (Rep-D-TX, 1983- )
  • Jun 4 Mortimer Zuckerman, Canadian-American media proprietor and CEO (US News & World Report, NY Daily News), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 4 Robert Fulghum, American author (All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten), born in Waco, Texas
  • Jun 8 Bruce McCandless II, American aviator, electrical engineer and astronaut who made the 1st untethered space walk (STS 41B, STS-31), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • Jun 8 Norma Shaw, English lawn bowler (World Outdoor C'ship gold 1981; Indoor C'ship gold 1997), born in Wakefield, England (d. 2009)
  • Jun 9 Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
  • Jun 10 Richard Foreman, American theatrical director (Daily Life), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 11 J. Robin Warren, Australian pathologist (Nobel 2005), born in Adelaide, Australia
  • Jun 12 Vladimir Arnold, Russian mathematician (Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser theorem), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 2010)
  • Jun 12 Antal Festetics, Austrian biologist and zoologist, born in Budapest, Hungary
  • Jun 13 Eleanor Holmes Norton, American lawyer and politician (Rep-D-DC), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 16 August Busch III, CEO (Anheuser-Busch, St Louis Cards)
  • Jun 16 Erich Segal, author (Love Story, Oliver's Story), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 16 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Tsar of Bulgaria
  • Jun 18 Gail Godwin, American author (Perfectionists, Odd Woman)
  • Jun 18 Jay Rockefeller, American politician (Sen-D-West Virginia 1985-2015), born in New York City
  • Jun 18 Vitaly Mikhailovich Zholobov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 21)
  • Jun 21 Anna Davies, Italian philologist and Professor of Comparative Philology (Oxford U), born in Milan (d. 2014)
  • Jun 23 Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
  • Jun 25 Marabel Morgan, American author (The Total Woman), born in Crestline, Ohio
  • Jun 26 Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist (Nobel 1996), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2013)
  • Jun 27 Joseph P. Allen, American NASA astronaut (STS-5, STS 51A), born in Crawfordsville, Indiana

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 3 Duke of Windsor (Edward VIII) weds Mrs Wallis Warfield Simpson in France

King of the United Kingdom Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII
Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
  • Jun 7 Three Stooges member Curly Howard (33) weds Elaine Ackerman

Deaths in History

  • Jun 4 Keke Geladze, Russian seamstress who was the mother of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, dies at 78 or 81
8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden
  • Jun 11 R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer (b. 1895)
  • Jun 12 Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1893)
  • Jun 18 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), dies at 73
  • Jun 19 J. M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), dies at 77
  • Jun 26 Adolf Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt), dies at 82
  • Jun 28 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64