On This Day

March 1937 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • Mar 1 Governor Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • Mar 1 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • Mar 2 Mexico nationalizes oil
  • Mar 3 Australia snatches series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
  • Mar 7 Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
  • Mar 14 Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio during their "feud"
  • Mar 14 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
  • Mar 15 First American blood blank in a hospital is opened at Cook County Hospital in Chicago
  • Mar 15 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)
  • Mar 16 All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors & sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
  • Mar 18 Gas explosion in school in New London, Texas: 294 die
  • Mar 18 The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
  • Mar 19 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • Mar 19 Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays

BattleBattle of Interest

Mar 20 Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Mar 21 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
  • Mar 23 LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • Mar 24 Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
  • Mar 24 National Gallery of Art established by Congress
  • Mar 25 Italy & Yugoslavia sign non-aggression treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
  • Mar 25 Washington Daily News is 1st US newspaper with perfumed advertising page
  • Mar 26 Spinach growers of Crystal City, Texas, erect statue of Popeye
  • Mar 26 William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
  • Mar 27 Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 2 Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Algerian politician, President of Algeria (1999-2019), born in Oujda, Morocco
  • Mar 4 Yuri Aleksandrovich Senkevich, Russian cosmonaut
  • Mar 4 Leslie Gelb, American foreign policy advisor
  • Mar 5 Stephen Fitz-Simon, entrepreneur
  • Mar 5 Olusẹgun Ọbasanjọ, President of Nigeria
  • Mar 6 Ivan Boesky, stockbroker inside trading, born in Detroit, Michigan

Person of interestValentina Tereshkova

Mar 6 Valentina Tereshkova, Soviet cosmonaut and 1st woman in space (Vostok 6), born in Maslennikovo, Russia

1st Woman in Space Valentina Tereshkova
1st Woman in Space
Valentina Tereshkova
  • Mar 7 Don Bonker, (Rep-D-WA, 1975- )
  • Mar 8 Juvénal Hayarimana, president of Rwanda (1973-94)
  • Mar 8 Pamela McEvoy-Johnston, psychotherapist-board member (WIC)

Person of interestJuvénal Habyarimana

Mar 8 Juvénal Habyarimana, Rwandan General, Dictator and President of Rwanda (1973-94) who was assassinated at the start of the Rwandan genocide, born in Ruanda-Urundi, Belgian Colonial Empire (d. 1994)

Dictator and President of Rwanda Juvénal Habyarimana
Dictator and President of Rwanda
Juvénal Habyarimana
  • Mar 9 Bernard Landry, Premier of Quebec (2001-2003), born in Saint-Jacques, Quebec, Canada
  • Mar 10 Oscar Abrams, community organizer
  • Mar 13 Fofó Iosefa Fiti Sunia, Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from American Samoa, born in Fagasá, Pago Pago
  • Mar 15 Valentin Rasputin, Russian writer (To Live and Remember), born in Atalanka, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • Mar 16 Amos Tversky, Israeli cognitive and mathematical psychologist, born in Haifa, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1996)
  • Mar 17 Frank Calabrese [Frankie Breeze], mafia hitman, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • Mar 19 Egon Krenz, former East German folitician and last communist leader of East Germany (1989), born in Kolberg, Nazi Germany
  • Mar 20 Elizabeth Gille, writer translator/editor
  • Mar 20 Mark Saville, QC, British high court judge
  • Mar 23 Robert Gallo, American physician
  • Mar 24 Bill Tillman, basebal player
  • Mar 24 Erskine Sandiford, Premier of Barbados, 1987-94)
  • Mar 25 Tom Monaghan, Ann Arbor Michigan, founder of Dominos pizza
  • Mar 27 Thomas Aquinas Daly, American painter, born in Albany, New York
  • Mar 29 Billy Carter, American brother of US President Jimmy Carter, born in Plains, Georgia
  • Mar 29 Smarck Michel, Haitian Prime Minister (1994-95), born in Saint-Marc, Haiti (d. 2012)
  • Mar 30 J S Jennings, CEO (Shell Transport & Trading Co)
  • Mar 30 Lord MacLaurin of Knebworth [Ian MacLaurin], Blackheath, Kent, British businessman and chairman (Vodafone)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 8 Albert Verwey, Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion), dies at 71
  • Mar 9 Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist, dies at 72
  • Mar 10 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • Mar 11 Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (b. 1860)
  • Mar 15 H. P. Lovecraft, American horror writer (At the Mountains of Madness, Weird Tales), dies at 46
  • Mar 16 J Austen Chamberlain, English Minister of Foreign Affairs (Nobel), dies at 73
  • Mar 18 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, dies at 73
  • Mar 19 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan playwright, poet, and short story writer (Anaconda, El Crimen del Otro), commits suicide at 58
  • Mar 22 Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English aviator and ornithologist, dies at 71
  • Mar 23 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist, dies at 66
  • Mar 25 John Drinkwater, English poet/playwright (Bird in Hand), dies at 54