On This Day

1937 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Jul 26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 27 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: GB 4 title streak ends as American Frank Parker beats Charles Hare 6-2, 6-4, 6-2 for an unbeatable 3-1 lead; ends 4-1
  • Jul 28 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 28 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • Jul 29 Japanese troops occupies Peking and Tientsin
  • Jul 29 Tongzhou Incident: East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians
  • Jul 30 Russian Politburo issues NKVD Order no. 00447, to repress former kulak and anti-soviets, 269,100 to be arrested, 76,000 to be shot. Part of the Great Purge.
  • Aug 2 Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Aug 6 US and USSR sign trade treaty
  • Aug 8 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
  • Aug 13 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • Aug 14 China declares war on Japan
  • Aug 14 Appalachian Trail is formally completed, traversing 2,000 miles and 14 US States, Georgia to Maine
  • Aug 18 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
  • Aug 24 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain

  • Aug 24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • Aug 25 Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • Aug 26 Franco's troops conquer Santander
  • Aug 26 Pumping to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay is finished
  • Aug 27 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • Aug 28 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • Aug 29 Philadelphia A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • Aug 31 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • Sep 1 4th Chicago College All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Green Bay, 6-0; 84,560 at Soldier Field
  • Sep 1 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
  • Sep 2 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • Sep 5 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls
  • Sep 6 Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco
  • Sep 8 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 President Franklin D. Roosevelt bans US ships from trading arms with China or Japan

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Sep 15 Works Progress Administration (WPA) extends L-Taraval streetcar line to San Francisco Zoo, at Sloat Blvd (San Francisco, California)
  • Sep 18 The first New Zealand State house opens in Miramar
  • Sep 22 Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody, Wyoming
  • Sep 22 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • Sep 22 Date celebrated as the first International Hobbit Day and the birthdays of Bilbo and Frodo Baggins

  • Sep 25 "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
  • Sep 25 Battle of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
  • Sep 27 1st Santa Claus Training School opens (Albion NY)
  • Sep 27 Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
  • Sep 28 FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
  • Oct 1 Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • Oct 2 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
  • Oct 5 Dutch Minister Carl Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
  • Oct 7 Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Oct 13 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, NYC

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 15 Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have & Have Not" published

BattleExecution

Nov 1 Stalinists execute by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Adolf Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Nov 8 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.
  • Nov 9 Japanese army conquers Shanghai
  • Nov 9 St Louis Cards Triple Crown winner Joe Medwick is named NL MVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Nov 11 German aircraft Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies a new world air speed record for landplanes with piston engines of 610.95 km/h (379.62 mph)
  • Nov 11 Nobel prize for physics awarded to American Clinton Joseph Davisson and Briton George Paget Thomson "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"
  • Nov 15 First US congressional session in air-conditioned chambers
  • Nov 17 Britain's Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement
  • Nov 23 Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 23 Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 23 John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 25 World's Fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)
  • Nov 29 Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in Netherlands
  • Dec 1 Japan recognizes Franco government
  • Dec 7 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
  • Dec 11 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
  • Dec 12 Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
  • Dec 13 Japanese troops conquer and plunder Nanjing (Nanjing Massacre)
  • Dec 16 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from American federal prison Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
  • Dec 20 Bill O'Reilly takes 9-41 for NSW against South Australia
  • Dec 22 Lincoln Tunnel, under the Hudson River, opens to traffic, connecting Weehawken, New Jersey to Midtown Manhattan, New York City
  • Dec 23 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber
  • Dec 24 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
  • Dec 25 Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
  • Dec 28 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania
  • Dec 29 Constitution of Ireland (Irish: Bunreacht na hÉireann) is enacted and Irish free state is named Eire
  • Dec 29 Pan Am starts service between San Francisco and Auckland, New Zealand

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 247

  • May 9 José Rafael Moneo, Spanish architect
  • May 10 Arthur Kopit, US playwright ('Wings', 'Nine'), born in New York City
  • May 12 Gerry E Studds, (Rep-D-MA, 1973- )
  • May 13 John Cope, MP/Paymaster General
  • May 13 Roger [Joseph] Zelazny, sci-fi author (6 Hugos, Chronicles of Amber)

Person of interestRoch Carrier

May 13 Roch Carrier, Canadian novelist (The Hockey Sweater), born in Sainte-Justine, Quebec

Novelist and Author of
Novelist and Author of "Contes"
Roch Carrier
  • May 13 Trevor Baylis, English inventor of the wind-up radio, born in Kilburn, London (d. 2018)
  • May 15 Madeleine Albright, American politician and diplomat and 1st female U.S. Secretary of State (1997-2001), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • May 16 James Hunt Jr, American politician (Governor of North Carolina 1993-2001), born in Greensboro, North Carolina
  • May 17 Hazel R. O'Leary, United States Secretary of Energy
  • May 18 Jacques Santer, President (European Commission)
  • May 19 Sanne Sannes, Dutch photographer
  • May 27 Andrei Bitov, Russian writer (Pushkin House), born in Leningrad, Russia (d. 2018)
  • May 29 Charles W. Pickering, American judge (Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi), born in Laurel, Mississippi
  • May 30 Arthur C. Jacobs, Scottish poet, born in Glasgow (d. 1994)
  • May 31 Vladislav Ivanovich Gulyayev, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jun 1 Colleen McCullough, Australian author (Tim, Indecent Obsession, The Thorn Birds), born in Wellington, NSW, Australia (d. 2015)
  • Jun 3 Solomon P Ortiz, (Rep-D-TX, 1983- )
  • Jun 4 Mortimer Zuckerman, Canadian-American media proprietor and CEO (US News & World Report, NY Daily News), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 4 Robert Fulghum, American author (All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten), born in Waco, Texas
  • Jun 8 Bruce McCandless II, American aviator, electrical engineer and astronaut who made the 1st untethered space walk (STS 41B, STS-31), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • Jun 8 Norma Shaw, English lawn bowler (World Outdoor C'ship gold 1981; Indoor C'ship gold 1997), born in Wakefield, England (d. 2009)
  • Jun 9 Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
  • Jun 10 Richard Foreman, American theatrical director (Daily Life), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 11 J. Robin Warren, Australian pathologist (Nobel 2005), born in Adelaide, Australia
  • Jun 12 Vladimir Arnold, Russian mathematician (Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser theorem), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 2010)
  • Jun 12 Antal Festetics, Austrian biologist and zoologist, born in Budapest, Hungary
  • Jun 13 Eleanor Holmes Norton, American lawyer and politician (Rep-D-DC), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 16 August Busch III, CEO (Anheuser-Busch, St Louis Cards)
  • Jun 16 Erich Segal, author (Love Story, Oliver's Story), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 16 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Tsar of Bulgaria
  • Jun 18 Gail Godwin, American author (Perfectionists, Odd Woman)
  • Jun 18 Jay Rockefeller, American politician (Sen-D-West Virginia 1985-2015), born in New York City
  • Jun 18 Vitaly Mikhailovich Zholobov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 21)
  • Jun 21 Anna Davies, Italian philologist and Professor of Comparative Philology (Oxford U), born in Milan (d. 2014)
  • Jun 23 Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
  • Jun 24 Baron Wolman, American photographer, founding chief photographer for Rolling Stone, born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2020)
  • Jun 25 Marabel Morgan, American author (The Total Woman), born in Crestline, Ohio
  • Jun 26 Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist (Nobel 1996), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2013)
  • Jun 27 Joseph P. Allen, American NASA astronaut (STS-5, STS 51A), born in Crawfordsville, Indiana
  • Jul 1 Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim, South African ANCer and Umkhonto we Sizwe-leader, born in Durban, South Africa

Person of interestTom Stoppard

Jul 3 Tom Stoppard, Czech-born British playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard
  • Jul 4 Thomas Nagel, American philosopher and University Professor of Philosophy and Law Emeritus at New York University, born in Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • Jul 5 Brooke Hayward, American author (Haywire), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 5 Frouwke J. Laning-Boersema, Dutch politician (CDA) 2nd Chamber
  • Jul 5 Nita Lowey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 6 Bessie Head, Botswana writer (When Rain Clouds Gather, Maru, A Question of Power), born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (d. 1986)
  • Jul 7 Carroll Hubbard Jr, American politician (Rep-D-KY, 1975-93), born in Murray, Kentucky

Person of interestDavid Hockney

Jul 9 David Hockney, English artist (Pop Art), born in Bradford, England

  • Jul 11 Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer (Taipei People), born in Guilin, China
  • Jul 12 Mickey Edwards, American Republican congressman (Chairman of the House Republican Policy Committee), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jul 12 Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France (1997-2002), born in Meudon, Hauts-de-Seine, France
  • Jul 14 Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • Jul 16 Richard Bryan, American attorney and politician (25th Governor of Nevada), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 17 Jose Ignacio Cabrujas, writer
  • Jul 18 Roald Hoffmann, Polish-American chemist (Nobel 1981), born in Złoczów, Poland
  • Jul 18 Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2005)
  • Jul 19 Larry Boxx, founder (Land B Computer Serv)
  • Jul 24 Baroness Blatch, British minister of state for Education
  • Jul 24 Quinlan Terry, architect
  • Jul 25 Colin Renfrew, English archeologist (Anatolian hypothesis), born in Stockton-on-Tees, England
  • Jul 26 Boris Cyrulnik, French doctor, born in Bordeaux, France
  • Jul 27 Anna Dawson, British comedienne (Violet-Keeping Up Appearances), born in Bolton, Lancashire
  • Jul 27 Robert Gibb, British zoo and theme park creator (Flamingo Land; Pleasure Island), born in England
  • Jul 29 Daniel McFadden, American economist, Nobel Prize Laureate

Person of interestCharles Schwab

Jul 29 Charles Schwab, American investor and entrepreneur (Charles Schwab Corporation), born in Sacramento, California

Investor and Entrepreneur Charles Schwab
Investor and Entrepreneur
Charles Schwab
  • Aug 1 Al D'Amato, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from NY), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 2 Ronald Brierley, New Zealand investor and company director, born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Aug 3 Diane Wakoski, American poet (Motorcycle Betrayal), born in Whittier, California
  • Aug 4 Jacobus H "Koos" van de Merwe, South African attorney/CP parliament leader
  • Aug 10 Anatoly Sobchak, Russian politician
  • Aug 11 Taki Theodoracopoulos, Greek/British journalist/multi-millionaire
  • Aug 12 Walter Dean Myers, African-American author, born in Martinsburg, West Virginia, (d. 2014)
  • Aug 15 Ronnie G. Flippo, American politicain (US Representative, Alabama(D), 1977-91), born in Florence, Alabama
  • Aug 16 Andrew J[efferson V] Offutt, American sci-fi author (Undying Wizard)
  • Aug 16 David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • Aug 20 Corrie Moret-de Jong, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • Aug 21 Robert Stone, American novelist (Dog Soldiers, WUSA), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • Aug 21 Donald Campbell Dewar, Scottish politician (1st minister of Scotland's first Parliament in almost 300yrs), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • Aug 22 Max Hebditch, British director (Museum of London), born in Yeovil, England
  • Aug 24 Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, Nigerian politician, born in Abeokuta, Nigeria (d. 1998)
  • Aug 27 Mark Potter, British court judge
  • Aug 29 James Florio, American politician (49th Governor of New Jersey), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Sep 6 Irina Bayanovna Solovyova, Russian cosmonaut, born in Tula Oblast, Russia
  • Sep 6 Jo Anne Worley, American comedienne (Laugh-in), born in Lowell, Indiana
  • Sep 6 Sergio Aragonés, Spanish-born illustrator, born in Sant Mateu, Spain
  • Sep 10 Jared Diamond, American biologist and author (Guns, Germs and Steel), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Sep 11 Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Italian princess and Queen of Belgium (1993-2013), born in Villa Claudia, Forte dei Marmi, Italy
  • Sep 11 Robert Crippen, American astronaut (STS 1, 7, 41C, 41G), born in Beaumont, Texas
  • Sep 14 Renzo Piano, Italian architect (Whitney Museum of American Art), born in Genoa, Italy
  • Sep 15 Robert Lucas, Jr., American economist, Nobel laureate
  • Sep 15 Fernando de la Rúa, 51st President of Argentina
  • Sep 17 Albertine Sarrazin, French author (L'astragale, La Cavale), born in Algiers, Algeria (d. 1967)
  • Sep 20 Birgitta Dahl, Swedish politician (Speaker of the Parliament of Sweden 1994-2002), born in Råda, Härryda Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden
  • Sep 24 Alan Grose, British vice-admiral
  • Sep 26 Valentin Pavlov, Russian politician and Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (1991), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 2003)
  • Sep 28 Colin Berry, professor (morbid anatomist)
  • Sep 29 R B Heywood, director (British Antarctic Survey)
  • Sep 30 Jurek Becker, Polish-born German writer (Jacob the Liar), born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1997)
  • Oct 1 Hedy d'Ancona, Dutch minister of WVC (PvdA)

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History