On This Day

August 1938 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 7 Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university
  • Aug 8 Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa
  • Aug 10 119°F (48°C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record)
  • Aug 17 1st aircraft owned by US Forest Service in service (Oakland)

Historic Event

Aug 18 FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada

  • Aug 21 Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public & High School
  • Aug 23 England score 7-903 declared v Australia, Len Hutton scores 364
  • Aug 24 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • Aug 24 Virgil Trucks strikes out his 418th batter, highest season total in organized ball-for Andalusia in an Alabama-Florida League game
  • Aug 26 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • Aug 27 Two NYC subway trains collide at 116th Street killing 2 and injuring 51
  • Aug 28 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • Aug 28 Northwestern University awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy
  • Aug 28 On Connie Mack Day at Philadelphia's Shibe Park, the A's win a doubleheader

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 2 Pierre de Bané, French Canadian politician (Senator for De la Vallière, Quebec), born in Haifa, British Mandate for Palestine
  • Aug 4 Ellen Schrecker, American college professor, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 7 Helen Caldicott, Australian physician and anti-war activist, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Aug 9 Leonid Kuchma, 2nd President of Ukraine (1994-2005) and 2nd Prime Minister of Ukraine (1992-93), born in Chaikyne, Ukraine
  • Aug 11 Charles Hugh Shirley, publisher
  • Aug 11 Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
  • Aug 12 Anthony Joliffe, mayor of London
  • Aug 12 Jean-Paul L'Allier, Canadian Mayor of Quebec
  • Aug 14 Niara Sudarkasa [Gloria Albertha Marshall], American educator and anthropologist (Lincoln College), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida (d. 2019)
  • Aug 15 Maxine Waters, American politician (Rep-D-California), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 15 Stephen Breyer, American lawyer and Justice of the Supreme Court, born in San Francisco, California
  • Aug 15 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish sci-fi author (The Whole Truth about Planet Xi), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1985)
  • Aug 16 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • Aug 17 Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric, born in Jombang, Dutch East Indies
  • Aug 17 Theodoros Pangalos, Greek politician, born in Eleusis, Greece
  • Aug 18 Joe Frank [Joseph Langermann], American radio personality (KCRW), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 2018)
  • Aug 20 Jean-Loup Chrétien, French cosmonaut (T-6, TM-7, STS 86), born in La Rochelle, France
  • Aug 20 Alain Vivien, French Socialist Party politician (MILS, French Mission Interministérielle pour la Lutte contre les Sectes Chairman 1998-2002), born in Melun, France
  • Aug 25 Frederick Forsyth, British author (Day of the Jackal, Deceiver, Odessa File), born in Ashford, Kent, England
  • Aug 28 Maurizio Costanzo, Italian television journalist, born in Rome, Italy
  • Aug 29 Robert Rubin, United States Secretary of the Treasury, born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 31 Martin Bell, British journalist

Deaths in History

  • Aug 3 Alexander Malyschkin, writer, dies
  • Aug 4 L H Perquin, Dutch radio announcer, dies at 73
  • Aug 7 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (S Method), dies at 75
  • Aug 9 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), dies at 65
  • Aug 12 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, dies at 74
  • Aug 16 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, dies at 1938
  • Aug 25 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Jama), dies at 67
  • Aug 30 Max Factor, Polish-American make-up artist, inventor and founder of cosmetics manufacturer Max Factor & Company, dies at 60