On This Day

January 1938 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 2 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded

Historic Event

Jan 6 Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

Historic Event

Jan 10 Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage" premieres in Paris

  • Jan 10 Paul Vincent Carroll's "White Seed" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 11 Frances Moulton elected 1st woman president of a US national bank
  • Jan 13 The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution
  • Jan 14 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • Jan 17 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman

Historic Event

Jan 17 Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom

  • Jan 19 General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines
  • Jan 21 Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance

Historic Event

Jan 22 "Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, New Hampshire, premieres (NJ)

  • Jan 25 Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in NYC

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Bill Emerson, (Rep-R-MO, 1981- )
  • Jan 1 Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (d. 2005)
  • Jan 1 Fuad Masum, 7th President of Iraq (2014-2018), born in Koya, Kingdom of Iraq
  • Jan 2 Ian Brady [Ian Duncan Stewart], British serial killer (Moors Murders), born in Glasgow (d. 2017)
  • Jan 2 Hans Herbjørnsrud, Norwegian author

Juan Carlos I

Jan 5 Juan Carlos I [Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias], King of Spain (1975-2014), born in Rome, Italy

  • Jan 5 Leo Avery, Abbot of Quarr Abbey, born in Wakefield, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 5 Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Kenyan writer, born in Kamirithu
  • Jan 6 Prof Adrienne Clarke, Australian botanist, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • Jan 6 Mario Rodríguez Cobos (aka Silo), Argentine writer and spiritual leader, born in Mendoza, Argentina (d. 2010)
  • Jan 7 Jasperina de Jong, Dutch cabaret performer (Jan Rao en z'n Maat)
  • Jan 7 Roland Topor, French illustrator (d. 1997)
  • Jan 9 Aad Kosto, Dutch Labour Party politician who had his house blown up in a failed assassination attempt, born in Oegstgeest, Netherlands
  • Jan 10 Donald Knuth, American mathematician & computer scientist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Jan 11 Fischer S Black Jr, financial theorist
  • Jan 11 Michael Fenn, docker/socialist
  • Jan 11 Arthur Scargill, British Marxist & trade unionist (National Union of Mineworkers), born in Barnsley, United Kingdom
  • Jan 13 Jean Cabut [Cabu], French caricaturist (Charlie Hebdo), born in Châlons-en-Champagne, France (d. 2015)
  • Jan 17 John Bellairs, American sci-fi author (Chessmen of Doom)
  • Jan 17 Tabaré Vázque, Uruguayan politician and President of Uruguay (2015-present), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Jan 18 Anthony Giddens, English sociologist, born in Edmonton, London
  • Jan 19 Denny Smith, (Rep-R-OR, 1981- )
  • Jan 22 Joe Esposito, American author and friend of Elvis, born in Chicago (d. 2016)
  • Jan 23 Anatoly Marchenko, Soviet dissident, born in Barabinsk, Russia (d. 1986)
  • Jan 25 Betico Croes, Arubian politician (Status Aparte), born in Aruba (d. 1986)
  • Jan 25 Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author, born in Tome, Japan (d. 1998)
  • Jan 25 Leiji Matsumoto, Japanese creator of anime, born in Kurume, Japan
  • Jan 26 Margaret Daly, British MEP
  • Jan 27 Timothy Elworthy, Captain of The Queen's Flight
  • Jan 30 Marcel van Dam, Dutch politician/CEO (VARA Radio/TV)
  • Jan 30 Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1991-2016), born in Samarkand (d. 2016)
  • Jan 31 Ajip Rosidi, Indonesian poet/writer (Madjalah Sunda, Pesta)
  • Jan 31 Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, former Queen of the Netherlands (1980-2013), born in Soestdijk Palace, Baarn, Utrecht, Netherlands
  • Jan 31 James G Watt, Colo, US Secretary of Interior (1981-83)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Arthur Boon, Flemish priest/philologist, dies at 54
  • Jan 8 Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy (b. 1880)
  • Jan 8 Christian Rohlfs, German painter and artist, dies at 88
  • Jan 10 Willem de Vreese, Flemish linguist, dies at 68
  • Jan 16 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist (Devdas), dies at 61
  • Jan 17 William Pickering, American astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79