On This Day

July 1938 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international

Battle of Interest

Jul 3 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 4 France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • Jul 5 Herb Caen's 1st column in San Francisco Chronicle

Historic Event

Jul 10 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • Jul 13 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland

Historic Publication

Jul 14 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish African manifesto

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 17 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan leaves NY flying for LA, winds up in Ireland supposedly by mistake

Oops, Wrong Way!

Jul 18 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland after a 28 hours flight, supposedly left NY flying for California

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Douglas
Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan with his "Sunshine", at Baldonnel Aerodrome, Ireland
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  • Jul 25 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 25 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • Jul 28 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 30 General Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • Jul 31 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 8 Marian Ackerman, women's rights advocacy administrator
  • Jul 10 Paul Andreu, French architect, born in Gironde, France
  • Jul 12 Eiko Ishioka, Costume Designer (Academy Award, Bram Stoker’s Dracula), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2012)
  • Jul 14 Jerry Rubin, American activist (Chicago 7), stockbroker, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • Jul 15 Carmen Callil, publisher
  • Jul 19 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist (Hoyle–Narlikar theory), born in Maharashtra, India
  • Jul 19 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, born in London (d. 2007)
  • Jul 21 Janet Reno, first woman US Attorney General (1993-2001), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2016)
  • Jul 21 Les Aspin, American politician (Rep-D-Wisc, 1971-93), Minister of Defense (1993-94), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1995)
  • Jul 23 Charles Harrelson, American organized crime figure, born in Lovelady, Texas (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Colin Southgate, CEO (Thorn EMI)
  • Jul 24 Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist
  • Jul 26 Keith Peters, Welsh physician, born in Baglan, Glamorgan
  • Jul 27 Gary Gygax, American role-playing games creator (Dungeons & Dragons) and fantasy author, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • Jul 28 Robert Hughes, Australian art critic and writer (Barcelona), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)

Alberto Fujimori

Jul 28 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru (1990-2000), born in Lima, Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • Jul 29 Jean Rochon, Quebec politician
  • Jul 30 Terry O'Neill, British fashion and celebrity photographer, born in Romford, London, England (d. 2019)
  • Jul 30 Hervé de Charette, French politician, born in Paris

Weddings in History

John Bardeen

Jul 18 Physicist and Nobel laureate John Bardeen (30) weds Jane Maxwell

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen

Deaths in History

  • Jul 4 Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democrat, dies at 56
  • Jul 9 Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist, dies at 68
  • Jul 18 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • Jul 18 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), dies at 62
  • Jul 21 Owen Wister, American author, 'father of the Western' (The Virginian), dies at 78
  • Jul 29 Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)