On This Day

November 1938 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • Nov 5 Ottawa Roughriders score on 5-man, 4-lateral, 65-yard punt return
  • Nov 5 Rugers beats Princeton 1st time in 60 yrs as Rutgers Stad dedicated
  • Nov 6 3 DiMaggio brothers play together for 1st time, in a charity all-star game
  • Nov 8 1st African American woman legislator, Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia
  • Nov 9 Al Capp, cartoonist of Li'l Abner, creates Sadie Hawkins Day
  • Nov 9 Kristallnacht begins: pogrom against Jews in Germany and Austria - first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins
  • Nov 10 8.3 earthquake shakes East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska
  • Nov 10 Nobel for literature awarded to Pearl Buck (Good Earth)
  • Nov 10 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • Nov 11 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Nov 13 America's first saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, beatified
  • Nov 14 Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, 6 die
  • Nov 15 First telecast of an unscheduled event (fire), W2XBT, NY
  • Nov 15 Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona
  • Nov 16 K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India
  • Nov 16 LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland
  • Nov 17 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • Nov 18 Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • Nov 20 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
  • Nov 21 -24] Belgian king Leopold III visits Netherlands
  • Nov 21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia and declare inhabitants to be German citizens
  • Nov 24 Clifford Odets' "Rocket to the Moon" premieres in NYC

BattleExecution

Nov 25 Lavrentiy Beria succeeds Nikolai Yezhov as the head of the Soviet secret police, NKVD, after Yezhov was executed on Joseph Stalin's orders

Head of the Soviet Secret Police Lavrentiy Beria
Head of the Soviet Secret Police
Lavrentiy Beria
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Nov 30 Fascist coup in Romania fails
  • Nov 30 Germany bans Jews being lawyers

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 2 Patrick Buchanan, American conservative political commentator and politician, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Nov 2 Ria Beckers, Dutch politician and leader of the progressive Christian party PPR, born in Driebergen, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • Nov 2 Queen Sofía [Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark], Queen consort of King Juan Carlos I of Spain, born in Athens, Greece
  • Nov 3 Pupi Avati, Italian director (Festival, Bix, Impiegati), born in Bologna, Italy
  • Nov 3 Martin Dunwoody, British mathematician
  • Nov 6 Dumitru Rusu, Romanian painter, born in Ilişeşti, Suceava
  • Nov 8 John Asprey, British jeweller and multi-millionaire
  • Nov 8 Driss Basri, Moroccan politician (Interior Minister 1979-99), born in Settat, Morocco (d. 2007)
  • Nov 8 Murtala Mohammed, Nigerian military ruler, born in Bendel State, Colonial Nigeria (d. 1976)
  • Nov 8 Dick Ritger, American ten-pin bowler (Tournament of Champions 1970, 79 runner-up; 20 career PBA Tour titles), born in River Falls, Wisconsin (d. 2020)
  • Nov 9 Ti-Grace Atkinson, American feminist author, born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • Nov 12 Benjamin Mkapa, Tanzanian politician, President of Tanzania (1995-2005), born in Ndanda, Tanganyika (d. 2020)
  • Nov 13 Gérald Godin, French-Canadian poet and politician, born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec (d. 1994)
  • Nov 16 Robert Nozick, American philosopher (Anarchy, State, and Utopia), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • Nov 17 Thomas Black, English industrial/auto collector
  • Nov 22 Henry C. Lee, Chinese-born American criminologist
  • Nov 24 Charles Starkweather, American Spree Killer (d. 1959)
  • Nov 24 Willy Claes, Belgian politician
  • Nov 24 Spencer Johnson, American author (Who Moved My Cheese?), born in Watertown, South Dakota (d. 2017)
  • Nov 25 John "Jack" Baines, mountaineering publisher
  • Nov 26 Porter Goss, American politician (Rep-R-Florida) and 1st Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • Nov 26 Rodney Jory, Australian physicist, born in Adelaide, Australia

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 28 Chinese politician Mao Zedong (44) weds Jiang Qing (24) in a small private ceremony

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong

Deaths in History

  • Nov 1 Francis Jammes, French poet and writer (Jammisme), dies at 69
  • Nov 7 Ernst vom Rath, German diplomat, assassinated at 29, providing the pretext for Kristallnacht
  • Nov 9 Vasily Blyukher, Soviet military commander (b.1889)
  • Nov 9 Edward Murray East, American botanist and geneticist who developed hybrid corn, dies at 59

Person of interestMustafa Kemal Atatürk

Nov 10 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, dies of cirrhosis of the liver at 57

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Person of interestTyphoid Mary

Nov 11 Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient best known as 'Typhoid Mary' and the first person in the United States known to be immune to typhoid, dies at 69

  • Nov 17 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), dies at 74
  • Nov 19 Lev Shestov, Russian existentialist philosopher, dies at 72
  • Nov 20 Enzo Matsunaga, Japanese writer (b. 1895)
  • Nov 20 Edwin Hall, American physicist (discovered Hall effect), dies at 83
  • Nov 20 Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway, spouse of King Haakon VII, dies at 68
  • Nov 26 Henry Schultz, American economist (econometrics), dies at 45
  • Nov 30 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician (founder and leader of the Iron Guard), dies at 39