1938 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 211

  • Jul 10 "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • Jul 13 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 14 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifesto

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 17 Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves NY flying for LA, winds up in Ireland supposedly by mistake

Historic DiscoveryOops, Wrong Way!

Jul 18 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland after a 28 hours flight, supposedly left NY flying for California
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  • Jul 21 Paul Hindemith and Leonide Massine's ballet premieres in London
  • Jul 25 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 25 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • Jul 28 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 30 General Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • Jul 31 NY Yanks suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club"
  • Jul 31 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • Aug 7 Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university
  • Aug 8 Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa
  • Aug 10 119°F (48°C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record)

  • Aug 17 1st aircraft owned by US Forest Service in service (Oakland)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Aug 21 Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public & High School
  • Aug 23 England score 7-903 declared v Australia, Len Hutton scores 364
  • Aug 24 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • Aug 24 Virgil Trucks strikes out his 418th batter, highest season total in organized ball-for Andalusia in an Alabama-Florida League game
  • Aug 26 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • Aug 27 Two NYC subway trains collide at 116th Street killing 2 and injuring 51
  • Aug 27 Yanks Monte Pearson no-hits Indians 13-0, DiMaggio hits 3 triples
  • Aug 28 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • Aug 28 Northwestern University awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy
  • Aug 28 On Connie Mack Day at Shibe Park, the A's win a doubleheader
  • Sep 1 Benito Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews
  • Sep 6 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates 40th anniversary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 14 Graf Zeppelin II, world's largest airship, makes maiden flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 15 British PM Neville Chamberlain visits Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 15 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)
  • Sep 15 Only time brothers hit back-to-back HRs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pitts)
  • Sep 16 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 357.5 MPH
  • Sep 17 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich
  • Sep 18 Despite losing a double header, Yanks clinch pennant #10
  • Sep 20 Emlyn Williams' "Corn is Green," premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 21 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 21 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.

  • Sep 23 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich
  • Sep 23 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe & 1,100' of microfilm)
  • Sep 26 Adolf Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land
  • Sep 27 British ocean liner "Queen Elizabeth" launches at Clydebank, Scotland
  • Sep 27 Jewish lawyers forbidden to practise in Germany
  • Sep 27 League of Nations declares Japan the aggressor against China
  • Sep 28 Clare Boothe's "Boys Goodbye" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 28 Dutch Premier Colijn sends radio message "No war coming"
  • Sep 29 1st archival course is offered at Columbia University in NYC
  • Sep 30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany
  • Oct 1 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • Oct 7 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • Oct 10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • Oct 14 Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • Oct 15 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 21 Japanese troops occupies Canton
  • Oct 22 Chester Carlson demonstrates 1st Xerox copying machine
  • Oct 24 US forbids child labor in factories
  • Oct 25 Japanese troops occupies Hankou & Wuhan
  • Oct 27 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • Oct 28 Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)
  • Oct 31 Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • Nov 1 German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • Nov 5 Ottawa Roughriders score on 5-man, 4-lateral, 65-yard punt return
  • Nov 5 Rugers beats Princeton 1st time in 60 yrs as Rutgers Stad dedicated
  • Nov 6 3 DiMaggio brothers play together for 1st time, charity all star game
  • Nov 8 1st African American woman legislator, Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia
  • Nov 9 Al Capp, cartoonist of Lil' Abner, creates Sadie Hawkins Day
  • Nov 9 Kristallnacht begins: pogrom against Jews in Germany and Austria - first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins
  • Nov 10 8.3 earthquake shakes East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska
  • Nov 10 Nobel for literature awarded to Pearl Buck (Good Earth)
  • Nov 10 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • Nov 11 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi
  • Nov 11 Kristallnacht; Jews forced to wear Star of David

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Nov 13 America's first saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, beatified
  • Nov 14 Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, 6 die
  • Nov 15 First telecast of an unscheduled event (fire), W2XBT, NY
  • Nov 15 Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona
  • Nov 16 K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India
  • Nov 16 LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland
  • Nov 17 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • Nov 18 Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • Nov 20 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
  • Nov 21 -24] Belgian king Leopold III visits Netherlands
  • Nov 21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia & declared them German citizens
  • Nov 24 Clifford Odets' "Rocket to the Moon" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 30 Fascist coup in Romania fails
  • Nov 30 Germany bans Jews being lawyers
  • Dec 1 School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah
  • Dec 3 AAUs decides to continue linear measuring system over metric
  • Dec 6 117 Spanish knights under capt Piet Laros return to Netherlands

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Dec 6 French/German non-attack treaty drawn (Ribbentrop-Bonnet Pact)

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • Dec 7 Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 7 W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of St Louis Post-Dispatch by radio
  • Dec 8 Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa Calif
  • Dec 8 LP Beria follows Nikolai Jezjov as head of Russian secret police
  • Dec 10 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, Zen teacher, Rinzai line, enters Zen priesthood

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 280

  • Apr 25 Roger Boisjoly, American aerodynamicist (anticipated challenger disaster), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • Apr 26 Willie Wood, Scottish bowls player, born in Haddington, East Lothian
  • Apr 27 Earl Anthony, American professional bowler (PBA money champ 1974-6, 1981-3), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 2001)
  • Apr 28 Beverly F Albert, architect
  • Apr 29 Bernard "Bernie" Madoff, American fraudster and financier (commited largest fraud in US history, born in Queens, New York
  • Apr 30 Larry [Van Cott] Niven, American sci-fi author (5 Hugo, Neutron Star)
  • May 2 Moshoeshoe II, King of Lesotho (1966-90), born in Morija, Lesotho (d. 1996)
  • May 4 William J. Bennett, American politician, U.S. Secretary of Education (1985-88), born in NYC, New York
  • May 4 Carlos Monsiváis, Mexican writer and political activist, born in Mexico City
  • May 5 Jerzy Skolimowski, director (Hands Up, Deep End), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • May 6 Jean Garon, Quebec economist and politician
  • May 6 Larry Gogan, Irish radio personality
  • May 8 Pierre Lucien Claverie, bishop of Oran
  • May 8 Jean Giraud, French comic artist (Alien, Tron), born in Val-de-Marne, French (d. 2012)
  • May 9 Geoffrey Holland, civil servant
  • May 9 Charles Simic Yugoslavian-born poet, 15th Poet Laureate of the United States
  • May 11 Carla Bley [Carla Borg], American musician (Escalator Over the Hill), born in Oakland, California
  • May 12 Andrei Amalrik, Russian writer/dissident
  • May 13 Laurent Beaudoin, French Canadian businessman (Bombardier)
  • May 13 Giuliano Amato, Italian politician
  • May 15 Lenny Welch, Asbury Park NJ, (Breaking up is Hard to Do)

Person of interestIvan Sutherland

May 16 Ivan Sutherland, American computer scientist (Sketchpad), born in Hastings, Nebraska

Computer Scientist Ivan Sutherland
Computer Scientist
Ivan Sutherland
  • May 17 Trinus Riemersma, Dutch-Frisian writer (Conquest of Leeuwarden)
  • May 18 Janet Fish, Boston USA, American realist artist
  • May 19 James Bilbray, American lawyer and politician (Rep-D-Nevada 1987-95), born in Las Vegas, Nevada
  • May 19 Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timorese leader, born in Fahinihan, East Timor (d. 1989)
  • May 19 Herbie [Brian] Flowers, English musician (bass line for "Walk on the Wild Side"), born in Isleworth, England
  • May 20 Alan Smithers, British professor
  • May 21 Urs Widmer, Swiss writer, born in Basel (d. 2014)
  • May 23 John R Miller, (Rep-R-WA, 1985- )
  • May 23 Peter Preston, editor (Guardian)
  • May 24 David Viscott, American psychiatrist (d. 1996)
  • May 25 Raymond Carver, poet/short story writer (Furious Season)
  • May 26 Pauline Parker, New-Zealandic murderess
  • May 26 Lyudmila Petrushevskaya, Russian playwright and novelist
  • May 30 Wilfried de Pree, Dutch politician and theologian (PvdA)/theologist
  • May 31 John Prescott, British Labour MP
  • May 31 Peter Yarrow, American (Peter, Paul & Mary-Puff the Magic Dragon), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 2 Frits Wols, [Eugene W Wong Loi Sing], Suriname, Secretary-General (UNESCO)
  • Jun 5 Marion Chapman, smallest known premature baby to survive (280 g)
  • Jun 6 Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza, pretender to the Brazilian throne, born in Mandelieu-la-Napoule, France
  • Jun 7 Judy Ann Scott-Fox, literary agent, born in Devon, England (d. 1994)
  • Jun 9 Jeremy Hardie, CEO (W H Smith Group)
  • Jun 9 Peter Sanders, CEO (Commission for Racial Equality)
  • Jun 9 Roger Hurn, CEO (Smith's Industries)
  • Jun 13 Peter Michael, English electronic manufacturer (UEI, Paintbox)
  • Jun 16 Joyce Carol Oates, NY, novelist (Garden of Earthly Delights)
  • Jun 16 Torgny Lindgren, Swedish writer
  • Jun 18 Joop Worrell, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • Jun 18 Kevin Murray, Australian rules footballer
  • Jun 19 Charles Gwathmey, architect (5 Architects)
  • Jun 19 John Sheil, Northern Irish High Court judge
  • Jun 21 Dan Burton, (Rep-R-IN, 1983- )
  • Jun 24 Lawrence Block, American writer
  • Jun 26 Neil Abercrombie, American politician (Rep-D-Hawaii, 1986-88), born in Buffalo, New York
  • Jun 26 Gerald North, American climatologist, born in Sweetwater, Tennessee
  • Jun 27 Bruce Babbitt, American attorney and politician (47th United States Secretary of the Interior), born in Flagstaff, Arizona
  • Jun 28 Leon E Panetta, (Rep-D-CA, 1977- )
  • Jun 28 Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (d. 2001)
  • Jul 8 Marian Ackerman, women's rights advocacy administrator
  • Jul 10 Paul Andreu, French architect, born in Gironde, France
  • Jul 12 Eiko Ishioka, Costume Designer (Academy Award, Bram Stoker’s Dracula), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2012)
  • Jul 14 Jerry Rubin, American activist (Chicago 7), stockbroker, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • Jul 15 Carmen Callil, publisher
  • Jul 19 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist (Hoyle–Narlikar theory), born in Maharashtra, India
  • Jul 19 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, born in London (d. 2007)
  • Jul 20 Jo Ann Campbell, Lawrence Welk's champagne lady, born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Jul 21 Janet Reno, first woman US Attorney General (1993-2001), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2016)
  • Jul 21 Les Aspin, (Rep-D-Wisc, 1971-93)/Minister of Defense (1993-94)
  • Jul 23 Charles Harrelson, American organized crime figure, born in Lovelady, Texas (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Colin Southgate, CEO (Thorn EMI)
  • Jul 24 Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist
  • Jul 26 Keith Peters, Welsh physician, born in Baglan, Glamorgan
  • Jul 27 Gary Gygax, American role-playing games creator (Dungeons & Dragons) and fantasy author, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • Jul 28 Robert Hughes, Australian art critic and writer (Barcelona), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)

Person of interestAlberto Fujimori

Jul 28 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru (1990-2000), born in Lima, Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • Jul 29 Jean Rochon, Quebec politician
  • Jul 30 Terry O'Neill, English photographer, born in London, England
  • Jul 30 Hervé de Charette, French politician, born in Paris
  • Aug 2 Pierre de Bané, French Canadian politician (Senator for De la Vallière, Quebec), born in Haifa, British Mandate for Palestine
  • Aug 4 Ellen Schrecker, American college professor, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 7 Helen Caldicott, Australian physician/anti-war activist, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Aug 9 Leonid Kuchma, 2nd President of Ukraine (1994-2005) and 2nd Prime Minister of Ukraine (1992-93), born in Chaikyne, Ukraine
  • Aug 11 Charles Hugh Shirley, publisher
  • Aug 11 Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
  • Aug 12 Anthony Joliffe, mayor of London
  • Aug 12 Jean-Paul L'Allier, Canadian Mayor of Quebec
  • Aug 14 Niara Sudarkasa [Gloria M Clark], educator and anthropologist (Lincoln College), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida
  • Aug 14 Stuart McKinnon, high court judge
  • Aug 15 Maxine Waters, American politician (Rep-D-California), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 15 Stephen Breyer, American lawyer and Justice of the Supreme Court, born in San Francisco, California
  • Aug 15 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish sci-fi author (The Whole Truth about Planet Xi), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1985)
  • Aug 16 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • Aug 17 Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric
  • Aug 17 Theodoros Pangalos, Greek politician
  • Aug 18 Joe Frank [Joseph Langermann], American radio personality (KCRW), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 2018)
  • Aug 20 Jean-Loup Jaques Marie Chretien, French cosmonaut (T-6, TM-7, STS 86)
  • Aug 20 Alain Vivien, French politician
  • Aug 24 Halldór Blöndal, Icelandic politician
  • Aug 25 Frederick Forsyth, British author (Day of the Jackal, Deceiver, Odessa File), born in Ashford, Kent, England

Weddings in History


Deaths in History