On This Day

1938 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 201

  • Jul 25 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 25 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • Jul 28 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 30 General Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • Jul 31 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • Aug 7 Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university
  • Aug 8 Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa
  • Aug 10 119°F (48°C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record)
  • Aug 17 1st aircraft owned by US Forest Service in service (Oakland)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Aug 21 Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public & High School
  • Aug 23 England score 7-903 declared v Australia, Len Hutton scores 364
  • Aug 24 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • Aug 24 Virgil Trucks strikes out his 418th batter, highest season total in organized ball-for Andalusia in an Alabama-Florida League game
  • Aug 26 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • Aug 27 Two NYC subway trains collide at 116th Street killing 2 and injuring 51

  • Aug 28 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • Aug 28 Northwestern University awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy
  • Aug 28 On Connie Mack Day at Philadelphia's Shibe Park, the A's win a doubleheader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Benito Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates 40th anniversary

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Hindenburg Disaster Ends the Age of ZeppelinsHindenburg Disaster Ends the Age of Zeppelins

Sep 14 Graf Zeppelin II, world's largest airship, makes its maiden flight

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The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 15 British PM Neville Chamberlain visits Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 15 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)
  • Sep 15 Only time brothers hit back-to-back HRs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pitts)
  • Sep 16 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 357.5 MPH
  • Sep 17 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich
  • Sep 20 Emlyn Williams' "Corn is Green," premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 21 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 21 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
  • Sep 23 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich
  • Sep 23 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe & 1,100' of microfilm)

'I Have Heard The Voice of Adolf Hitler . . .''I Have Heard The Voice of Adolf Hitler . . .'

Sep 26 Adolf Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land

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The 'mad dog of Europe' makes his demands with oratory so menacing 'that he chills one's blood.'
The 'mad dog of Europe' makes his demands with oratory so menacing 'that he chills one's blood.'
Read Article
  • Sep 27 British ocean liner "Queen Elizabeth" launches at Clydebank, Scotland
  • Sep 27 Jewish lawyers forbidden to practise in Germany

  • Sep 27 League of Nations declares Japan the aggressor against China
  • Sep 28 Clare Boothe's "Boys Goodbye" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 28 Dutch Premier Colijn sends radio message "No war coming"
  • Sep 29 1st archival course is offered at Columbia University in NYC
  • Sep 30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany
  • Oct 1 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • Oct 7 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • Oct 10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • Oct 14 Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • Oct 15 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 21 Japanese troops occupies Canton
  • Oct 22 Chester Carlson demonstrates 1st Xerox copying machine
  • Oct 24 US forbids child labor in factories
  • Oct 25 Japanese troops occupies Hankou & Wuhan
  • Oct 27 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • Oct 28 Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)
  • Oct 31 Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • Nov 1 German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • Nov 5 Ottawa Roughriders score on 5-man, 4-lateral, 65-yard punt return
  • Nov 5 Rugers beats Princeton 1st time in 60 yrs as Rutgers Stad dedicated
  • Nov 6 3 DiMaggio brothers play together for 1st time, in a charity all-star game
  • Nov 8 1st African American woman legislator, Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia
  • Nov 9 Al Capp, cartoonist of Li'l Abner, creates Sadie Hawkins Day
  • Nov 9 Kristallnacht begins: pogrom against Jews in Germany and Austria - first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins
  • Nov 10 8.3 earthquake shakes East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska
  • Nov 10 Nobel for literature awarded to Pearl Buck (Good Earth)
  • Nov 10 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • Nov 11 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Nov 13 America's first saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, beatified
  • Nov 14 Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, 6 die
  • Nov 15 First telecast of an unscheduled event (fire), W2XBT, NY
  • Nov 15 Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona
  • Nov 16 K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India
  • Nov 16 LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland
  • Nov 17 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • Nov 18 Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • Nov 20 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
  • Nov 21 -24] Belgian king Leopold III visits Netherlands
  • Nov 21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia and declare inhabitants to be German citizens
  • Nov 24 Clifford Odets' "Rocket to the Moon" premieres in NYC

BattleExecution

Nov 25 Lavrentiy Beria succeeds Nikolai Yezhov as the head of the Soviet secret police, NKVD, after Yezhov was executed on Joseph Stalin's orders

Head of the Soviet Secret Police Lavrentiy Beria
Head of the Soviet Secret Police
Lavrentiy Beria
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Nov 30 Fascist coup in Romania fails
  • Nov 30 Germany bans Jews being lawyers
  • Dec 1 School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah
  • Dec 2 The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain
  • Dec 3 AAUs decides to continue linear measuring system over metric
  • Dec 6 117 Spanish knights under capt Piet Laros return to Netherlands

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Dec 6 French/German non-attack treaty drawn (Ribbentrop-Bonnet Pact)

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • Dec 7 Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 7 W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of St Louis Post-Dispatch by radio
  • Dec 8 Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa Calif
  • Dec 10 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, Zen teacher, Rinzai line, enters Zen priesthood

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Italian scientist Enrico Fermi receives the Nobel Prize for Physics (work on reduced radioactivity)

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • Dec 13 Los Angeles freezes at 28°F
  • Dec 14 AL permits Cleveland & Philadelphia to play night games
  • Dec 15 Groundbreaking begins for Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
  • Dec 16 Adolf Hitler institutes the state decoration and civil order of merit, Cross of Honour of the German Mother
  • Dec 17 Discovery of nuclear fission using uranium by Otto Hahn and his assistant Fritz Strassmann
  • Dec 17 Utrecht Central Station destroyed by fire
  • Dec 23 Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa
  • Dec 29 Construction on Lake Washington Floating Bridge, Seattle, begins
  • Dec 31 Dr R N Harger's "drunkometer", 1st breath test, introduced in Indiana

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 270

  • Apr 26 Willie Wood, Scottish bowls player, born in Haddington, East Lothian
  • Apr 27 Earl Anthony, American professional bowler (PBA money champ 1974-6, 1981-3), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 2001)
  • Apr 29 Bernard "Bernie" Madoff, American fraudster and financier who committed the largest fraud in US history, born in Queens, New York (d. 2021)
  • Apr 30 Larry Niven, American sci-fi author (5 Hugo, Neutron Star), born in Los Angeles, California
  • May 2 Moshoeshoe II, King of Lesotho (1966-90), born in Morija, Lesotho (d. 1996)
  • May 4 William J. Bennett, American politician, U.S. Secretary of Education (1985-88), born in NYC, New York
  • May 4 Carlos Monsiváis, Mexican writer and political activist, born in Mexico City
  • May 6 Jean Garon, Quebec economist and politician, born in Saint-Michel, Quebec (d. 2014)
  • May 6 Larry Gogan, Irish radio personality (Raidió Teilifís Éireann), born in Dublin
  • May 8 Pierre Lucien Claverie, bishop of Oran
  • May 8 Jean Giraud, French comic artist (Alien, Tron), born in Val-de-Marne, French (d. 2012)
  • May 9 Geoffrey Holland, civil servant
  • May 9 Charles Simic Yugoslavian-born poet, 15th Poet Laureate of the United States
  • May 11 Carla Bley [Carla Borg], American musician (Escalator Over the Hill), born in Oakland, California
  • May 12 Andrei Amalrik, Russian writer/dissident
  • May 13 Laurent Beaudoin, French Canadian businessman (Bombardier)
  • May 13 Giuliano Amato, Italian politician

Person of interestIvan Sutherland

May 16 Ivan Sutherland, American computer scientist (Sketchpad), born in Hastings, Nebraska

Computer Scientist Ivan Sutherland
Computer Scientist
Ivan Sutherland
  • May 17 Trinus Riemersma, Dutch-Frisian writer (Conquest of Leeuwarden)
  • May 18 Janet Fish, Boston USA, American realist artist
  • May 19 James Bilbray, American lawyer and politician (Rep-D-Nevada 1987-95), born in Las Vegas, Nevada
  • May 19 Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timorese leader, born in Fahinihan, East Timor (d. 1989)
  • May 20 Alan Smithers, British professor
  • May 21 Urs Widmer, Swiss writer, born in Basel (d. 2014)
  • May 23 John R Miller, (Rep-R-WA, 1985- )
  • May 23 Peter Preston, editor (Guardian)
  • May 24 David Viscott, American psychiatrist and media personality, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • May 25 Raymond Carver, American poet and short story writer (Furious Season), born in Clatskanie, Oregon (d. 1988)
  • May 26 Pauline Parker, New Zealand murderess (Parker–Hulme murder case), born in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • May 26 Lyudmila Petrushevskaya, Russian playwright and novelist
  • May 30 Wilfried de Pree, Dutch politician and theologian (PvdA)/theologist, born in Amstelveen, North Holland, Netherlands
  • May 31 John Prescott, British Labour MP
  • Jun 2 Frits Wols [Eugene W Wong Loi Sing], Suriname, Secretary-General (UNESCO)
  • Jun 5 Marion Chapman, smallest known premature baby to survive (280 g)
  • Jun 6 Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza, pretender to the Brazilian throne, born in Mandelieu-la-Napoule, France
  • Jun 7 Judy Ann Scott-Fox, literary agent, born in Devon, England (d. 1994)
  • Jun 9 Jeremy Hardie, British economic and businessman (W H Smith Group, Monopoly and Mergers Commission)
  • Jun 9 Peter Sanders, CEO (Commission for Racial Equality)
  • Jun 9 Roger Hurn, British businessman (Smith's Industries)
  • Jun 16 Joyce Carol Oates, NY, novelist (Garden of Earthly Delights)
  • Jun 16 Torgny Lindgren, Swedish writer
  • Jun 17 Peter Michael, English electronic manufacturer (UEI, Paintbox)
  • Jun 18 Joop Worrell, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • Jun 18 Kevin Murray, Australian rules footballer
  • Jun 19 Charles Gwathmey, architect (5 Architects)
  • Jun 19 John Sheil, Northern Irish High Court judge
  • Jun 21 Dan Burton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Jun 24 Lawrence Block, American writer
  • Jun 26 Neil Abercrombie, American politician (Rep-D-Hawaii, 1986-88), born in Buffalo, New York
  • Jun 26 Gerald North, American climatologist, born in Sweetwater, Tennessee
  • Jun 27 Bruce Babbitt, American attorney and politician (47th United States Secretary of the Interior), born in Flagstaff, Arizona
  • Jun 28 Leon Panetta, American politician (23rd United States Secretary of Defense), born in Monterey, California
  • Jun 28 Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (student of Yip Man) (d. 2001)
  • Jul 8 Marian Ackerman, women's rights advocacy administrator
  • Jul 10 Paul Andreu, French architect, born in Gironde, France
  • Jul 12 Eiko Ishioka, Costume Designer (Academy Award, Bram Stoker’s Dracula), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2012)
  • Jul 14 Jerry Rubin, American activist (Chicago 7), stockbroker, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • Jul 15 Carmen Callil, publisher
  • Jul 19 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist (Hoyle–Narlikar theory), born in Maharashtra, India
  • Jul 19 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, born in London (d. 2007)
  • Jul 20 Jo Ann Campbell, Lawrence Welk's champagne lady, born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Jul 21 Janet Reno, first woman US Attorney General (1993-2001), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2016)
  • Jul 21 Les Aspin, American politician (Rep-D-Wisc, 1971-93), Minister of Defense (1993-94), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1995)
  • Jul 23 Charles Harrelson, American organized crime figure, born in Lovelady, Texas (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Colin Southgate, CEO (Thorn EMI)
  • Jul 24 Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist
  • Jul 26 Keith Peters, Welsh physician, born in Baglan, Glamorgan
  • Jul 27 Gary Gygax, American role-playing games creator (Dungeons & Dragons) and fantasy author, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • Jul 28 Robert Hughes, Australian art critic and writer (Barcelona), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)

Person of interestAlberto Fujimori

Jul 28 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru (1990-2000), born in Lima, Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • Jul 29 Jean Rochon, Quebec politician
  • Jul 30 Terry O'Neill, British fashion and celebrity photographer, born in Romford, London, England (d. 2019)
  • Jul 30 Hervé de Charette, French politician, born in Paris
  • Aug 2 Pierre de Bané, French Canadian politician (Senator for De la Vallière, Quebec), born in Haifa, British Mandate for Palestine
  • Aug 4 Ellen Schrecker, American college professor, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 7 Helen Caldicott, Australian physician and anti-war activist, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Aug 9 Leonid Kuchma, 2nd President of Ukraine (1994-2005) and 2nd Prime Minister of Ukraine (1992-93), born in Chaikyne, Ukraine
  • Aug 11 Charles Hugh Shirley, publisher
  • Aug 11 Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
  • Aug 12 Anthony Joliffe, mayor of London
  • Aug 12 Jean-Paul L'Allier, Canadian Mayor of Quebec
  • Aug 14 Niara Sudarkasa [Gloria Albertha Marshall], American educator and anthropologist (Lincoln College), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida (d. 2019)
  • Aug 15 Maxine Waters, American politician (Rep-D-California), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 15 Stephen Breyer, American lawyer and Justice of the Supreme Court, born in San Francisco, California
  • Aug 15 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish sci-fi author (The Whole Truth about Planet Xi), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1985)
  • Aug 16 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • Aug 17 Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric, born in Jombang, Dutch East Indies
  • Aug 17 Theodoros Pangalos, Greek politician, born in Eleusis, Greece
  • Aug 18 Joe Frank [Joseph Langermann], American radio personality (KCRW), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 2018)
  • Aug 20 Jean-Loup Chrétien, French cosmonaut (T-6, TM-7, STS 86), born in La Rochelle, France
  • Aug 20 Alain Vivien, French Socialist Party politician (MILS, French Mission Interministérielle pour la Lutte contre les Sectes Chairman 1998-2002), born in Melun, France
  • Aug 25 Frederick Forsyth, British author (Day of the Jackal, Deceiver, Odessa File), born in Ashford, Kent, England

Person of interestPaul Martin

Aug 28 Paul Martin, 21st Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 2003-06), born in Windsor, Ontario

21st Prime Minister of Canada Paul Martin
21st Prime Minister of Canada
Paul Martin
  • Aug 28 Maurizio Costanzo, Italian television journalist, born in Rome, Italy
  • Aug 29 Robert Rubin, United States Secretary of the Treasury, born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 31 Martin Bell, British journalist
  • Sep 1 Alan Dershowitz, American attorney (Claus Von Bulow, O.J. Simpson), born in NYC, New York
  • Sep 3 Caryl Churchill, English playwright, born in London
  • Sep 3 Ryōji Noyori, Japanese chemist (Nobel Prize 2011), born in Kobe, Japan
  • Sep 6 Alan Charles Downes, founder member of Independent Television News and cameraman, born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 1996)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

  • Dec 21 Helen Miller Shepard, American philanthropist who established Hall of Fame, dies at 70
  • Dec 23 Robert Herrick, American novelist (Chimes), dies at 70
  • Dec 24 Bruno Taut, German architect (b. 1880)
  • Dec 25 Karel Čapek, Czech author, playwright and critic (R.U.R.), coined term "robot", dies of pneumonia at 48
  • Dec 27 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments dies at 72
  • Dec 27 O Mandelstam, writer, dies
  • Dec 27 Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (b. 1889)
  • Dec 31 Richard Nicolaas Roland Holst, Dutch artist and painter, dies at 70