March 1939 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94

Historic Event

Mar 2 Eugenio Pacelli chosen as Pope Pius XII

  • Mar 2 Massachusetts Legislature votes to ratify the US Bill of Rights - 147 years late

Historic Event

Mar 3 Mahatma Gandhi begins a fast in Mumbai (Bombay) to protest against autocratic rule in India

  • Mar 7 Glamour magazine begins publishing
  • Mar 7 Guy Lombardo & Royal Canadians 1st record "Auld Lang Syne"
  • Mar 8 Lenore Coffee & William Joyce Cowan's "Family Portrait" premieres
  • Mar 10 17 villages damaged by hailstones in Hyderabad, India
  • Mar 12 Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies
  • Mar 14 England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day
  • Mar 14 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia

Hitler Invades Czechoslovakia

Mar 15 Adolf Hitler summons Czech President Emil Hácha to a meeting in Berlin and informs him of the impending attack by Germany; Hácha suffers a heart attack and later capitulates

Historic Event

Mar 15 Reneging on his pledge in the Munich Agreement, Adolf Hitler and Germany occupy and annex Czechoslovakia

  • Mar 16 Hungary annexes republic of Karpato-Ukraine
  • Mar 17 Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out (Sino-Japanese War 1937-1945)
  • Mar 20 7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania
  • Mar 21 Nazi Germany demands the return of Danzig (Gdańsk) from Poland
  • Mar 22 Lithuania forced to give Memel territory to Germany
  • Mar 28 Dutch hunter shoots down British bombers
  • Mar 28 Philip Barry's comic play "Philadelphia Story" about a socialite's impending wedding premieres at the Shubert Theater in NYC; star Katherine Hepburn also led the 1940 film version

Victory in Battle

Mar 28 Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to the Nationalists headed by Francisco Franco

  • Mar 30 First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway military aircraft
  • Mar 30 Heinkel He 100 fighter sets a world airspeed record of 463 mph
  • Mar 31 Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 3 Hans Pieter Verhagen, Dutch poet (Hoepla/Holland's Hole)
  • Mar 5 Peter Woodcock, Canadian serial killer
  • Mar 5 Terry Curry, English multi-millionaire
  • Mar 6 Christopher Bond, (Sen-R Missouri)
  • Mar 6 Infanta Margarita of Spain, duchess of Soria
  • Mar 8 George William Reed, astronomy writer/cartoonist (Dark Sky Legacy)
  • Mar 8 Mike Lowry, American politician (Rep-D-WA, 1979-89, Governor of Washington 1993-97), born in St. John, Washington (d. 2017)
  • Mar 11 Lorraine Hunt, American businesswoman, and former Lieutenant Governor of Nevada, born in Niagara Falls, New York
  • Mar 12 David Mlinaric, British interior director
  • Mar 14 William Benjamin Lenoir, American astronaut (STS 5), born in Miami, Florida
  • Mar 15 Jack Whyte, Scottish-Canadian author
  • Mar 15 Robert Nye, British novelist and poet (Facts of Life & other fiction), born in London (d. 2016)
  • Mar 16 Carlos Bilardo, Argetinian football coach
  • Mar 17 Jim Gary, American sculptor known for whimsical monumental art and sculptors of large, colorful dinosaurs made from discarded automobile parts, born in Sebastian, Florida (d. 2006)

Brian MulroneyBrian Mulroney (83 years old)

Mar 20 18th Prime Minister of Canada (1984-93), born in Baie-Comeau, Quebec

  • Mar 25 Toni Cade Bambara, American director, writer and academic (The Salt Easters), born in New York City (d. 1995)
  • Mar 26 Colin Webb, British fleet street editor and journalist (Press Association) (d. 2013)
  • Mar 26 Jonathan Tod, British Vice-Admiral (Royal Navy)
  • Mar 26 Stuart Sutherland, British psychologist, educator (Sussex University), and writer (Breakdown) (d. 1998)
  • Mar 27 Charles Lyell, 3rd Baron Lyell, British politician and Conservative member of the House of Lords (d. 2017)
  • Mar 27 Jay Kim, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • Mar 27 Ruth Ashton, general secretary (Royal College of Midwives)
  • Mar 29 Roland Arnall, American businessman and U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, born in Paris (d. 2008).
  • Mar 31 Zviad Gamsakhurdia, first President of Georgia (d. 1993)

Weddings in History

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Mar 16 Princess Fawzia of Egypt (17) marries the Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (19)

Deaths in History

Howard CarterHoward Carter (1873-1939)

Mar 2 British archaeologist and egyptologist who found King Tutankhamun's tomb, dies at 65

  • Mar 6 Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (Proving π is a transcendental number), dies at 86
  • Mar 7 John Jules Barrish, Irish writer and philosopher, dies at 53
  • Mar 13 Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, French scholar and philosopher, dies at 81
  • Mar 18 Henry Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader, dies at 79
  • Mar 19 Lloyd L. Gaines, American civil rights activist
  • Mar 20 Percy Dean, British naval lieutenant and politician who received the Victoria Cross for saving men during the raid of Zeebrugge, dies at 61
  • Mar 27 Constance Lindsay Skinner, Quesnel British Columbia, Canadian author (Rivers of America), dies at 57
  • Mar 28 Francis Matthew John Baker, Australian politician (b. 1903)