On This Day

November 1939 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 First animal conceived by artificial insemination (rabbit) displayed
  • Nov 1 First jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Nov 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sertum laetitiae

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Nov 3 Clare Booth's "Margin for Error" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 4 First air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 4 US allows "cash & carry" arms sales during WW II
  • Nov 6 WGY-TV (Schenectady, NY), 1st commercial TV station, begins service
  • Nov 6 World War II: 'Sonderaktion Krakau' - a Nazi operation against academics, with 184 professors arrested in Krakow and deported

MurderAssassination Attempt

Nov 8 Failed assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Nov 8 H Lindsay & R Crouse' "Life with Father" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 9 Nobel Prize for physics awarded to American Ernest Lawrence for his invention of the cyclotron
  • Nov 9 Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 British agents
  • Nov 12 Jews in Lodz, Poland ordered to wear a yellow star of David
  • Nov 14 Oil refinery fire kills 500 & destroys Lagunillas, Venezuela
  • Nov 15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 15 FDR lays cornerstone of Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Nov 15 Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews
  • Nov 15 The first unemployment compensation law, under the Social Security Act, that of the District of Columbia, was approved for grants by the Social Security Board

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 16 Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Nov 16 German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland
  • Nov 17 German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship
  • Nov 17 The Rome-Rio de Janeiro air connection is created.
  • Nov 18 Dutch KNSM passenger ship Simón Bolívar hits German mine, 86 die
  • Nov 18 The Irish Republican Army explodes three bombs in Piccadilly Circus
  • Nov 19 Comic superheroes Flash (as Jay Garrick) and Hawkman (Carter Hall) first appear in "Flash Comics No. 1" published by DC

BattleHistoric Siege

Nov 22 Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg outside his apartment after Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Mobster
Bugsy Siegel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 23 Nazi Governor of Poland Hans Frank requires Jewish Poles above the age of 11 years to wear a blue Star of David

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
  • Nov 26 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Nov 27 Maxwell Anderson's play "Key Largo" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson
  • Nov 28 Hans Frank, Nazi Governor-General of Poland, organizes Judenrat
  • Nov 28 Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty
  • Nov 29 USSR drops diplomatic relations with Finland
  • Nov 30 Paul Osborn's "Mornings at 7" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 30 USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 1 Barbara Bosson, American actress (Fay-Hill St Blues, Hooperman), born in Belle Vernon, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 2 Howard Wolpe, American politician (Rep-D-MI, 1979-93), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Nov 2 Pauline Neville-Jones, English diplomat, born in Birmingham
  • Nov 3 Terrence McNally, American playwright (Kiss of the Spider Woman), born in St Petersburg, Florida (d. 2020)
  • Nov 6 Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1964)
  • Nov 6 Leonardo Quisumbing, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, born in Masbate, Philippines
  • Nov 9 Paul Cameron, American psychologist and sex researcher, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 9 Marco Bellocchio, Italian film director (The Conviction), born in Bobbio, Italy
  • Nov 13 Robert Whitaker, British photographer whose work was used on Beatles and Cream album covers, born in Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2011) [1]
  • Nov 17 Auberon Waugh, British author (d. 2001)
  • Nov 18 John Cheek, Falkland Islands advocate

Person of interestMargaret Atwood

Nov 18 Margaret Atwood, Canadian author/poet, born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • Nov 19 Thomas Harkin, (Sen-D-Iowa, 1985- )
  • Nov 21 R. Budd Dwyer, American politician who committed suicide on TV (d. 1987)
  • Nov 22 Tom West, American astrophysicist
  • Nov 22 Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician (Samajwadi Party), born in Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
  • Nov 25 Martin Feldstein, American economist (1977 John Bates Clark Medal), chief economic adviser to President Reagan, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2019)
  • Nov 26 Jeremy Boorda, U.S. Navy admiral (25th Chief of Naval Operations), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1996)
  • Nov 26 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Malaysian politician (5th Prime Minister of Malaysia, 2003-09), born in Bayan Lepas, Penang, Malaysia

Deaths in History

  • Nov 3 Waldemar Lindgren, Swedish-American Geologist (economic geology, ore classification), dies at 79
  • Nov 5 Charles Barrois, French geologist and palaeontologist, dies at 88
  • Nov 6 Adolphe Max, Belgian liberal MP, dies at 69
  • Nov 9 Dirk Klop, Dutch intelligence lt, shot by German Abwehr
  • Nov 11 Jan Opletal, Czech student, victim of Nazi violence in Prague
  • Nov 12 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), dies of blood poisoning from a cut on his finger from operating on a wounded soldier at 49
  • Nov 16 Pierce Butler, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1866)
  • Nov 25 Wilfred Trotter, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck, dies at 67
  • Nov 29 Philipp Scheidemann, German politician (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, dies at 74