1939 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 310

  • May 16 Food stamps are 1st issued
  • May 19 Churchill signs British-Russian anti-Nazi pact
  • May 20 "3 Little Fishies" by Kay Kyser swam to #1
  • May 20 1st regular transatlantic airmail (Pan Am: NY to Marsseille France)

AgreementTreaty of Interest

May 22 Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini sign "Pact of Steel" in Berlin, Germany

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
  • May 23 Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Adolf Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26, 33 remaining crew rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems (divers later awarded the Medal of Honor)
  • Jun 1 British submarine "Thetis" sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard
  • Jun 1 Retired German Colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt returns to service
  • Jun 6 NY supreme court justice J F Crater legally declared dead
  • Jun 6 The ship MS St. Louis, carrying 907 Jewish refugees from Europe, begins sailing back to the continent after it was refused entry into America. Approximately a quarter of those on board would perish in the Holocaust.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 George VI and Elizabeth become the 1st king and queen of Britain to visit USA

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 King and Queen of England taste 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 17 Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre
  • Jun 20 Test flight of 1st rocket plane using liquid propellants

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jun 22 Princes (future Queen) Elizabeth meets future husband Prince Philip of Greece (Midshipman Mountbatten, RN)

Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip
  • Jun 23 France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey
  • Jun 23 US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary 1941) as uniformed volunteer units supporting the Coast Guard
  • Jun 24 Pan Am's 1st US to England flight
  • Jun 27 1st night game at Cleveland Municipal Stadium (Indians 5, Tigers 0)
  • Jun 28 Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie Clipper)
  • Jun 28 Yanks hit 13 HRs, sweep A's 23-2 & 10-0
  • Jun 29 4th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • Jun 29 Dixie Clipper completes 1st commercial plane flight to Europe
  • Jun 30 Heinkel He 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde
  • Jul 3 Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800 kph (500 mph) rocket plane to Adolf Hitler
  • Jul 6 German Nazis close last Jewish enterprises
  • Jul 15 Clara Adams (NYC) is 1st woman to complete round world flight
  • Jul 19 Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures
  • Jul 22 Jane Bolin becomes the 1st African American female judge (NY)
  • Jul 25 5th and last Dutch government of Colijn, forms
  • Jul 28 5th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • Aug 2 Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers
  • Aug 3 Jean Genet's "Ondine" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 Millionaire Howard Hughes is presented with a Congressional Gold Medal

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • Aug 10 2nd Dutch De Geer government forms (1st with Social Democrats)
  • Aug 11 Sergei Rachmaninov's last appearance in Europe
  • Aug 13 Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's
  • Aug 13 Sabotage suspected in crash of 'City of San Francisco'
  • Aug 15 13 Stukas dive into the ground during a disastrous air-practice at Neuhammer. No survivors.
  • Aug 19 37.6 cm rainfall at Tuckerton, NJ (state record)
  • Aug 20 1st black bowling league formed (National Bowling Assoc)
  • Aug 20 Russian offensive under General Zjoekov against Japanese invasion in Mongolia
  • Aug 22 Dutch border guards take positions for German invasion
  • Aug 22 Premier De Geer recalls Dutch holidaymakers in Black Forest
  • Aug 23 John Cobb (Britain) drives 365.85 MPH (593.48 KPH) at Bonneville Flats

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Aug 23 Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree the Molotov-Ribbentrop non-aggression pact and secretly divide Poland between themselves, setting the stage for World War II

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • Aug 24 Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
  • Aug 26 Belgium mobilizes

  • Aug 26 Croatia gets autonomous status
  • Aug 27 Erich Warsitz in a Heinkel He-178 makes the 1st manned jet-propelled flight
  • Aug 27 Nazi Germany demands Danzig & Polish corridor
  • Aug 27 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands receives German ambassador Grave Zech

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 28 Gen Bernard Montgomery ("Monty") becomes commander of 3rd "Iron" Infantry division

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Aug 28 Netherland mobilizes
  • Aug 28 Journalist Care Hollingworth observes the “large numbers of troops, literally hundreds of tanks, armored cars and field guns” Germany had aligned along the Polish border. Three days later, Hitler invades Poland and WWII begins.
  • Aug 29 Chaim Weizmann informs England that Palestine Jews will fight in WW II
  • Aug 30 General Reijnders appointed supreme commander of Dutch army
  • Aug 30 Isoroku Yamamoto appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet
  • Aug 30 Poland mobilizes
  • Aug 31 Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia
  • Aug 31 Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz
  • Sep 1 Adolf Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill through the "T4 Euthanasia Program," arguing that wartime "was the best time for the elimination of the incurably ill"
  • Sep 1 Physical Review publishes 1st paper to deal with "black holes"
  • Sep 1 Switzerland proclaims neutrality at the outbreak of WWII
  • Sep 1 World War II starts when Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 General George Marshall sworn in as the United States Army Chief of Staff

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Sep 1 The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross was also instituted on this date
  • Sep 1 Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 In the "scoop of the century," Telegraph journalist Clare Hollingworth becomes the first to report the outbreak of World War II

Journalist Clare Hollingworth
Journalist
Clare Hollingworth
  • Sep 3 German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans
  • Sep 3 World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • Sep 3 Mitford sister and Nazi sympathizer Unity Mitford attempts suicide after Britain declares war on Germany, bullet lodged in her brain eventually kills her in 1948
  • Sep 4 Dutch 2nd Chamber affirms Neth's in a State of War
  • Sep 4 German troops move into Danzig
  • Sep 4 Netherlands & Belgium declare neutrality
  • Sep 4 Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated
  • Sep 4 RAF bombs Wilhelmshafen
  • Sep 5 FDR declares US neutrality at start of WW II in Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 New Zealand Prime Minister, Michael Joseph Savage declares New Zealand's support for Britain in the war with Germany; Savage famously told the nation 'where she goes, we go. Where she stands,we stand'

New Zealand Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage
New Zealand Prime Minister
Michael Joseph Savage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 J. B. M. Hertzog resigns as South African Prime Minister after losing a vote in parliament on neutrality in WWII

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • Sep 6 1st German air attack on Great Britain in WW II
  • Sep 6 South Africa declares war on Nazi-Germany
  • Sep 6 World War II: The Battle of Barking Creek.
  • Sep 7 Radio NY Worldwide-WRUL begins radio transmission
  • Sep 8 FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe
  • Sep 8 Gen Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw
  • Sep 9 Nazi army reaches Warsaw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 Canada, under the leadership of Mackenzie King, declares war on Germany

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • Sep 11 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • Sep 11 British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley
  • Sep 11 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 World’s 1st practical helicopter, the VS-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky takes (tethered) flight in Stratford, Connecticut

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky
  • Sep 14 British fleet attacks German U-39 boat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill visits Scapa Flow, Orkney

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Sep 17 German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
  • Sep 17 Poland's President Ignacy Mościck and Prime Minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski flee to Romania
  • Sep 17 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland allowing Germans to advance West, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner, without a formal declaration of war

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 278

  • May 7 Ruud Lubbers, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1982-94), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2018)
  • May 7 Volker Braun, German writer (Provocation for me), born in Dresden, Germany
  • May 7 Sidney Altman, Canadian-American molecular biologist (Nobel 1989), born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • May 9 Kenneth Warby, fastest man on water at 300 knots (345 mph)
  • May 12 Ronald Ziegler, White House press secretary for Nixon
  • May 12 Miltiadis Evert, Greek politician
  • May 13 William W Cobey Jr, (Rep-R-NC, 1985-87)
  • May 14 M N Fathulin, cosmonaut
  • May 15 Brian Hartley, mathematician
  • May 17 Wim de Bie, CEO (Simplistic Covenant)
  • May 17 Gary Paulsen, American author
  • May 18 Patrick Cormack, British politician (C), born in Grimsby, Lincolnshire
  • May 18 Giovanni Falcone, Italian magistrate (d. 1992)
  • May 18 Gordon O'Connor, Canadian politician
  • May 19 Francis R Scobee, Wash, USAF/astronaut (STS 41C, 51L-Chal disaster)
  • May 24 Gert Schutte, Dutch politician (GPV)
  • May 26 Gerald Ronson, English multi-millionaire
  • May 26 Merab Kostava, Georgian anti-Soviet leader
  • May 27 Earl Cairns, CEO (S G Warburg & Co)
  • May 27 Socratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
  • May 29 Martin Garrod, Commandant General Royal Marines
  • May 31 Terry Waite, English Anglican Church envoy/Lebanese hostage, born in Bollington, Cheshire

Person of interestJoe Clark

Jun 5 Joe Clark [Charles Joseph], 16th Prime Minister of Canada (1979-80), born in High River, Alberta

16th Prime Minister of Canada Joe Clark
16th Prime Minister of Canada
Joe Clark
  • Jun 5 Margaret Drabble, British author (Needle's Eye)
  • Jun 6 Marian Wright-Edelman, American activist and health care president (Childrens Defense Fund), born in Bennettsville, South Carolina
  • Jun 6 Nganani Enos J Mabuza, South African leader (Inyandza National Movement), born in Barberton, South Africa (d. 1997)
  • Jun 9 Derek Hunt, CEO (MFI Furniture Group)
  • Jun 9 Charles Webb, American writer (The Graduate), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 11 Barry Porter, British lawyer and Conservative Party politician (d. 1996)
  • Jun 12 Francis McCloskey, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana (1983-95), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • Jun 14 Steny H Hoyer, (Rep-D-MD, 1981- )
  • Jun 14 John F. MacArthur, American evangelist
  • Jun 15 Ward Connerly, American political figure
  • Jun 15 Brian Jacques, British author
  • Jun 17 Donald Anderson, MP (Labour)
  • Jun 17 Hanna Johansen, writer
  • Jun 19 Peter Duffell, Brits lt-general/minister of Defense
  • Jun 21 Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rican politician
  • Jun 24 Henry Lawrence Garett III, Sect of Navy (1989-92), born in Miami, Florida
  • Jun 26 Ansar Ilgamovich, Russian cosmonaut, born in Satka, Russia
  • Jun 26 Chuck [Charles] Robb, American politician, 64th Governor of Virginia, born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • Jun 26 Smangaliso Mkhatshwa, South African Secretary-General (Bishops' Conference 1983-88), born in Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa
  • Jun 28 Klaus Schmiegel, German-American chemist (invented Prozac), born in Chemnitz, Germany
  • Jun 30 Eleanor Smeal, American cofounder of the Feminist Majority Foundation and president (National Organization for Women), born in Ashtabula, Ohio
  • Jul 1 Charles Hatcher, (Rep-D-GA, 1981- )
  • Jul 2 John H Sununu, US Secretary of State (R, 1989-91)
  • Jul 2 M[ichael] A[nthony] Foster, American sci-fi author (Gameplayers of Zan)
  • Jul 2 Michael N Castle, (Rep-R-Delaware)
  • Jul 2 Valeri Vasilyevich Illarianov, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jul 2 Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
  • Jul 3 Jay Tarses, actor/writer (Open All Night, Duck Factory), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Jul 10 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator, born in Zile, Tokat, Turkey (d. 1999)
  • Jul 11 Seth Gaaikema, Dutch night club performer
  • Jul 14 George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
  • Jul 14 Ljubisa Beara, Bosnian general convicted of overseeing Srebrenica Massacre, born in Sarajevo (d. 2017)
  • Jul 15 Ronald Hadfield, chief constable (West Midlands England)
  • Jul 16 Marion Pitt, social worker/writer
  • Jul 16 Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director, born in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1995)
  • Jul 17 Warwick Hutton, artist

Person of interestAli Hosseini Khamenei

Jul 17 Ali Hosseini Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran (1989- ) and Muslim cleric, born in Mashhad, Khorasan, Iran

Leader of Iran Ali Hosseini Khamenei
Leader of Iran
Ali Hosseini Khamenei
  • Jul 18 Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (University of Michigan), born in Rochester, New York (d. 2007)
  • Jul 20 Judy Chicago [Judith Cohen], American artist (Dinner Party), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 20 Jeanne Bice, American entrepreneur (Quacker Factory clothes), born in Fond Du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 2011)
  • Jul 21 John Negroponte, 1st United States Director of National Intelligence
  • Jul 24 Barry [Norman] Malzberg, sci-fi author (Revelations, Beyond Apollo)
  • Jul 26 John W. Howard, 25th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Earlwood, Australia
  • Jul 26 Wopko Jensma, South African poet and graphic designer, born in South Africa
  • Jul 27 James McGee, British pathologist and professor (Morbid Anatomy at Oxford), born in Mossend, Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • Aug 1 Robert James Waller, American author (Bridges of Madison County), born in Charles City, Iowa (d. 2017)
  • Aug 1 Stephen Sykes, Church of England bishop, born in Bristol, England (d. 2014)
  • Aug 2 Benjamin Barber, American political theorist (Jihad vs. McWorld), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • Aug 5 Irene, Princess of Netherlands
  • Aug 8 Alexander Watson, American ambassador and diplomat
  • Aug 9 Tony Budge, English contractor/tank maker/multi-millionaire
  • Aug 10 Charles Rose, (Rep-D-North Carolina, 1973- )
  • Aug 11 Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly performer (d. 2003)
  • Aug 12 Roy Romanow, Canadian politician
  • Aug 12 Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014-2015), born in Biratnagar, Morang (d. 2016)
  • Aug 13 Saul Steinberg, American businessman, founder of Leasco and CEO of Reliance Insurance Company, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • Aug 15 Herman Onno C. R. Ruding, Dutch Financial minister (CDA) and Director of Amrobank
  • Aug 16 Valeri V Ryumin, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 32)
  • Aug 16 Wim Meijer, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • Aug 16 Sir Trevor Mcdonald, Trinidadian-born British television newsreader
  • Aug 18 Robert Horton, British businessman and CEO (BP), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • Aug 21 Festus Mogae, 3rd President of Botswana (1998-2008), born in Serowe, Bechuanaland, Botswana
  • Aug 23 Charles Wardle, MP/under sect of state British home office
  • Aug 23 Ronald [Ronny] A Casseres, minister of Dutch Antilles
  • Aug 25 John Badham, English-born American director (Dracula, Short Circuit), born in Luton, England

Person of interestJorge Paulo Lemann

Aug 26 Jorge Paulo Lemann, Swiss-Brazilian investor, born in Rio de Janeiro

Investor and Beer Mogul Jorge Paulo Lemann
Investor and Beer Mogul
Jorge Paulo Lemann
  • Sep 6 Susumu Tonegawa, Japanese molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
  • Sep 6 Dan Cragg, American soldier and author, born in Rochester, New York
  • Sep 7 Stanley David Griggs, astronaut (STS 51-D), STS 33), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1989)
  • Sep 9 Howard P McKeon, (Rep-R-California)
  • Sep 10 Topham Brinton, English carpet magnate/multi-millionaire
  • Sep 10 Mother Flawless Sabrina [Jack Doroshow], American LGBT activist, drag queen and pioneer for transgender people and drag queens, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • Sep 11 Charles Geschke, American inventor and businessman
  • Sep 12 Henry A Waxman, (Rep-D-California, 1975-86)
  • Sep 13 Larry Speakes, presidential press secretary
  • Sep 13 Bill Janklow, American politician and four-term Governor of South Dakota (Republican: 1979-87, 1995-2003), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • Sep 14 Piet R Stoffelen, Dutch ambassador/MP (PvdA)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History