On This Day

1939 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 300 of 301

  • Sep 19 Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland
  • Sep 20 British navy captures German U-27 boat

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Sep 21 Reinhard Heydrich meets in Berlin to discuss final solution of Jews

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • Sep 25 German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs
  • Sep 25 Andorra and Germany sign a treaty ending WW I, as Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra
  • Sep 26 German seaplane shoots KLM-aircraft (1 killed)
  • Sep 27 Warsaw surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
  • Sep 28 Estonia accepts Soviet military bases
  • Sep 28 Final broadcast of The Fleischmann Hour was heard on radio

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Sep 28 German-Soviet Frontier Treaty is signed by Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov; redraws German and Soviet spheres of influence in central Europe and transfers most of Lithuania to the USSR

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • Sep 30 Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland
  • Sep 30 Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Winston Churchill calls Russia a "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma"

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Oct 1 After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
  • Oct 3 Lemmer-Urk Dike closes
  • Oct 4 Last Polish troops surrender

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Adolf Hitler denies he intends to go to war against France and Britain

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Oct 6 Adolf Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem
  • Oct 6 Last Polish army is defeated in World War II.
  • Oct 8 Germany annexes Western Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Albert Einstein informs FDR of the possibilities of an atomic bomb

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Oct 11 Bucky Harris signs to manage Washington again
  • Oct 11 NAACP organized Legal Defense & Education Fund
  • Oct 14 German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed
  • Oct 15 LaGuardia Airport opens in NYC
  • Oct 15 Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years
  • Oct 16 Sugar rationing begins in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 Hermann Goering begins plunder through Nazi's occupied areas

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Oct 20 Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Oct 24 Nylon stockings go on sale for first time (Wilmington, Delaware)
  • Oct 25 William Saroyan's "Time of Your Life" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26 Polish Jews forced into obligatory work service
  • Oct 28 Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 28 Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland
  • Oct 29 Golden Gate International Exposition closes (1st closure)
  • Oct 30 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Adolf Hitler deports Jews

  • Oct 30 German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard
  • Nov 1 First animal conceived by artificial insemination (rabbit) displayed
  • Nov 1 First jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry
  • Nov 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sertum laetitiae
  • Nov 3 Clare Booth's "Margin for Error" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 4 First air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 4 US allows "cash & carry" arms sales during WW II
  • Nov 6 WGY-TV (Schenectady, NY), 1st commercial TV station, begins service
  • Nov 6 World War II: 'Sonderaktion Krakau' - a Nazi operation against academics, with 184 professors arrested in Krakow and deported
  • Nov 8 Failed assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich
  • Nov 8 H Lindsay & R Crouse' "Life with Father" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 9 Nobel for physics awarded to Ernest O Lawrence (cyclotron)
  • Nov 9 Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 British agents
  • Nov 12 Jews in Lodz, Poland ordered to wear a yellow star of David
  • Nov 14 Oil refinery fire kills 500 & destroys Lagunillas, Venezuela
  • Nov 15 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 15 FDR lays cornerstone of Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Nov 15 Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews
  • Nov 15 The first unemployment compensation law, under the Social Security Act, that of the District of Columbia, was approved for grants by the Social Security Board

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 16 Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Nov 16 German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland
  • Nov 17 German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship
  • Nov 17 The Rome-Rio de Janeiro air connection is created.
  • Nov 18 Dutch KNSM passenger ship Simón Bolívar hits German mine, 86 die
  • Nov 18 The Irish Republican Army explodes three bombs in Piccadilly Circus
  • Nov 19 Comic superheroes Flash (as Jay Garrick) and Hawkman (Carter Hall) first appear in "Flash Comics No. 1" published by DC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg outside his apartment after Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Mobster
Bugsy Siegel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 23 Nazi Governor of Poland Hans Frank requires Jewish Poles above the age of 11 years to wear a blue Star of David

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
  • Nov 26 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Nov 27 Maxwell Anderson's play "Key Largo" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson
  • Nov 28 Hans Frank, Nazi Governor-General of Poland, organizes Judenrat
  • Nov 28 Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty
  • Nov 29 USSR drops diplomatic relations with Finland
  • Nov 30 Paul Osborn's "Mornings at 7" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 30 USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Dec 2 British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC
  • Dec 2 NY's La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight
  • Dec 9 Russian air raid on Helsinki
  • Dec 10 KNVB celebrates 50th anniversary
  • Dec 12 Russ Indigirka capsizes in blizzard off Japanese coast; 750 die
  • Dec 13 Battle of the River Plate - 3 British cruisers vs German pocket battleship Graf Spee
  • Dec 14 Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union
  • Dec 15 1st commercial manufacture of nylon yarn in Seaford, Delaware
  • Dec 15 Snip departs for 1st flight to Paramaribo and Curacao
  • Dec 17 German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay
  • Dec 18 Finnish army recaptures Agläjärvi
  • Dec 19 Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa
  • Dec 20 Radio Australia begins overseas shortwave service

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Dec 21 Adolf Hitler names Adolf Eichmann leader of "Referat IV B", responsible for evictions and Jewish immigration

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Dec 22 Genthin, Germany rail disaster - 186 die in train wreck as an express has a rear-end collision with a train stopped at the station
  • Dec 22 Finnish counter offensive at Petsamo
  • Dec 22 Freight train and passenger train head-on collision kills 101 at Markdorf, Germany
  • Dec 23 Finnish counter offensive at Summa
  • Dec 23 South Australia score 7-821 against Queensland
  • Dec 24 World War II: Pope Pius XII makes a Christmas Eve appeal for peace.
  • Dec 25 Grimmett & Ward rip through Qld except Bill Brown (156)
  • Dec 25 Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th red-nosed reindeer
  • Dec 26 Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey
  • Dec 26 Mine strikes in Borinage Brussels
  • Dec 27 1st American skimobiles (North Conway, NH)
  • Dec 27 Between 20,000 and 40,000 die in magnitude 8 earthquake in Erzincam, Turkey
  • Dec 29 First flight of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber prototype
  • Dec 30 O'Reilly takes 14-45 (8-23 & 6-22) as NSW crush Qld in 2 days

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 277 of 277

  • Sep 20 Robert L. Gerry III, American businessman and petroleum industry executive, born in New York
  • Sep 22 Junko Tabei, Japanese mountain-climber, 1st woman to climb Mount Everest, born in Miharu (d. 2016)
  • Sep 22 Mike Sullivan, (Gov-Wyoming)
  • Sep 22 Timothy Wirth, American politician (Rep-D-CO, 1975-87), President of United Nations Foundation, born in Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • Sep 22 Gilbert E. Patterson, American minister and presiding bishop of the Church of God in Christ (d. 2007)
  • Sep 25 David S. Mann, American Democratic politician (Vice Mayor of Cincinnati), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Sep 25 Leon Brittan, British politician, Home Secretary and member of the European Commission, born in London (d. 2015)
  • Sep 26 Judith Appelbaum, American magazine & newspaper editor and educator, born in New York (d. 2018)
  • Sep 27 Jim Ross Lightfoot, American politician (Rep-R-Iowa, 1985-97), born in Sioux City, Iowa
  • Sep 27 Nicholas Haslam, English interior designer, born in Amersham
  • Sep 27 Carol Lynn Pearson, American poet and writer
  • Sep 28 Stuart Kauffman, American biologist
  • Sep 29 Eberhard Koellner, German DR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 31 backup)
  • Sep 30 Piet Blauw, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • Oct 2 Yury Glazkov, Soviet Air Force officer and cosmonaut (Soyuz 24), born in Moscow (d. 2008)
  • Oct 4 W Henson Moore, (Rep-R-LA, 1975- )
  • Oct 5 Marie-Claire Blais, French Canadian author and playwright, born in Quebec, Canada
  • Oct 5 Consuelo Ynares-Santiago, Filipino Supreme Court jurist, born in Binangonan, Rizal, Philippines
  • Oct 5 Walter Wolf, Slovenian-Canadian industrialist, born in Graz, Austria
  • Oct 6 Douglas K Bereuter, (Rep-R-Nebraska, 1979- )
  • Oct 6 John J LaFalce, (Rep-D-NY, 1975- )
  • Oct 7 John Hopcroft, American computer scientist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • Oct 7 Harold Kroto, English chemist and Nobel laureate (1996), born in Wisbech (d. 2016)
  • Oct 8 Harvey Pekar, American comic book writer (American Splendor), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2010)
  • Oct 8 Lynne Stewart, American defense attorney (known for representing controversial, poor, and often unpopular defendants), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • Oct 9 Pierre Mertens, French-Belgian writer (Lettres Clandestines), born in Brussels, Belgium
  • Oct 10 Joe Pitts, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • Oct 11 Franklin Sonn, South African union leader (South African workers), born in Vosburg, South Africa
  • Oct 12 Carolee Schneemann, American performance artist, born in Fox Chase, Philadelphia
  • Oct 13 T. J. Cloutier, American poker player, born in Albany, California

Person of interestRalph Lauren

Oct 14 Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer (Chaps, Polo Ralph Lauren), born in The Bronx, New York

Fashion Designer Ralph Lauren
Fashion Designer
Ralph Lauren

Person of interestLee Harvey Oswald

Oct 18 Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of JFK, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1963)

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • Oct 18 Flavio Cotti, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • Oct 22 Joaquim Chissano, president of Mozambique (1986- )
  • Oct 26 Vladimir Mikhailovich Beloborodov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Oloviyanna, Chita Region, Russia
  • Oct 30 Leland H. Hartwell, American scientist (Nobel 2001 - discoveries of protein molecules that control the division (duplication) of cells), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 30 Emily Howell Warner, American pilot, 1st woman to captain a commercial American airline plane, born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2020)
  • Nov 1 Barbara Bosson, American actress (Fay-Hill St Blues, Hooperman), born in Belle Vernon, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 2 Howard Wolpe, American politician (Rep-D-MI, 1979-93), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Nov 2 Pauline Neville-Jones, English diplomat, born in Birmingham
  • Nov 3 Terrence McNally, American playwright (Kiss of the Spider Woman), born in St Petersburg, Florida (d. 2020)
  • Nov 6 Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1964)
  • Nov 6 Leonardo Quisumbing, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, born in Masbate, Philippines
  • Nov 9 Paul Cameron, American psychologist and sex researcher, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 13 Robert Whitaker, British photographer whose work was used on Beatles and Cream album covers, born in Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2011) [1]
  • Nov 17 Auberon Waugh, British author (d. 2001)
  • Nov 18 John Cheek, Falkland Islands advocate

Person of interestMargaret Atwood

Nov 18 Margaret Atwood, Canadian author/poet, born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • Nov 19 Thomas Harkin, (Sen-D-Iowa, 1985- )
  • Nov 21 R. Budd Dwyer, American politician who committed suicide on TV (d. 1987)
  • Nov 22 Tom West, American astrophysicist
  • Nov 22 Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician (Samajwadi Party), born in Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
  • Nov 25 Martin Feldstein, American economist (1977 John Bates Clark Medal), chief economic adviser to President Reagan, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2019)
  • Nov 26 Jeremy Boorda, U.S. Navy admiral (25th Chief of Naval Operations), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1996)
  • Nov 26 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Malaysian politician (5th Prime Minister of Malaysia, 2003-09), born in Bayan Lepas, Penang, Malaysia
  • Dec 2 Yael Dayan, Israeli writer and politician, born in Nahalal, Israel
  • Dec 2 Harry Reid, American attorney and politician (U.S. Senator from Nevada 1987-2017), born in Searchlight, Nevada
  • Dec 2 Francis Fox, Canadian politician (member of the Senate of Canada), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Dec 5 Jack Whitten, American abstract painter, born in Bessemer, Alabama (d. 2018)
  • Dec 8 Lynn Wilson, contractor and multi-millionaire
  • Dec 9 Patricia Stephens Due, African-American civil rights activist (FAMU jail-in), born in Quincy, Florida (d. 2012)
  • Dec 10 Barry Cunliffe, English archaeologist and university professor, born in Portsmouth, England
  • Dec 11 Thomas McGuane, American writer (Colf Feet, Tom Horn, Missouri Breaks), born in Wyandotte, Michigan
  • Dec 11 Tom Hayden, American civil rights and antiwar activist and politician (Rep-D-Ca), born in Royal Oak, Michigan (d. 2016)
  • Dec 17 Charles V. Bush, African-American pioneer (1st African-American US Air Force Academy Graduate and US Supreme Court Page), (d. 2012)
  • Dec 18 Christoffel "Stoffel" van de Merwe, South African minister of Education
  • Dec 18 Michael J Moorcock, England, sci-fi author (Alien Heat, Bull & Spear)
  • Dec 18 Harold E. Varmus, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • Dec 20 Dianne Arndt, artist/photographer
  • Dec 21 Lloyd Axworthy, Canadian politician, born in North Battleford, Canada
  • Dec 25 Christopher Wates, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • Dec 26 Lynn Martin, American politician, (Secretary of Labor, 1991-93; US Congress, 1981-91) born in Evanston, Illinois
  • Dec 28 Philip Anschutz, American businessman
  • Dec 29 Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, Maldivian politician & Islamic scholar, born in Malé, Maldives
  • Dec 30 Doeke Eisma, Dutch sociologist and politician (D66)
  • Dec 30 Glenda Adams, Australian author (d. 2007)
  • Dec 31 Hugh Lewin, South African anti-apartheid activist and writer (Bandiet: Seven Years in a South African Prison), born in Lydenburg, South Africa (d. 2019)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History