On This Day

June 1940 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 Coffee & tea rationed in Holland

Historic Event

Jun 1 Major General Bernard Montgomery returns to London

  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers kick Jews out of Dutch air guard
  • Jun 3 Last British and French troops evacuated from Dunkirk
  • Jun 4 British complete the "Miracle of Dunkirk" by evacuating 338,226 allied troops from France via a flotilla of over 800 vessels including Royal Navy destroyers, merchant marine boats, fishing boats, pleasure craft and even lifeboats

Historic Event

Jun 4 Winston Churchill's speech "We shall fight on the seas and oceans"

  • Jun 5 A synthetic rubber tire exhibited in Akron, Ohio by Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
  • Jun 5 American Negro Theater organizes
  • Jun 5 Battle of France begins in WW II
  • Jun 5 General Von Bock starts a German offensive in the Somme

Historic Event

Jun 5 General Charles de Gaulle becomes French junior minister of Defense

  • Jun 5 Governor of Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles refuse entry to Jewish refugees
  • Jun 5 Netherlands rations petroleum
  • Jun 7 British/French troops evacuate Narvik
  • Jun 8 Discovery of element 93, neptunium, announced
  • Jun 8 Last British troops leave Narvik, Norway
  • Jun 9 General Charles de Gaulle's 1st meeting with Winston Churchill
  • Jun 10 French government moves to Bordeaux
  • Jun 10 German "Dutch" Q-ship Atlantis sinks Norwegian tanker
  • Jun 10 German 5th Armoured division occupies Rouen
  • Jun 10 Italy declares war on France and Great Britain as part of its Axis alliance with Nazi Germany
  • Jun 10 Norway surrenders to Nazi Germany after 62 days of fighting
  • Jun 10 Canada declares war on Italy
  • Jun 11 Italy declares war on Allies
  • Jun 11 British Premier Winston Churchill flies to Orleans
  • Jun 11 World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy
  • Jun 11 World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta
  • Jun 13 Paris evacuates before German advance
  • Jun 14 German forces enter Paris during WWII

Historic Event

Jun 14 Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland with Polish POWs, later expanded to include civilian Jews and gypsies (approx. 3 million would die within its walls)

  • Jun 14 German U-47 sinks airship Balmoral
  • Jun 15 38 Italian Fiat bombers bomb Luc-en-Province
  • Jun 15 Bread & flour rationed in Holland
  • Jun 15 World War II: France surrenders to NAZI Germany, German troops occupy Paris
  • Jun 15 Soviet Army occupies Lithuania
  • Jun 16 Communist government installed in Lithuania
  • Jun 16 General De Gaulle arrives in Bordeaux
  • Jun 17 France asks Germany for terms of surrender in WW II
  • Jun 17 General De Gaulle departs Bordeaux for London
  • Jun 17 Germany occupiers ration bread in Holland
  • Jun 17 USSR occupies Estonia
  • Jun 17 World War II: sinking of the RMS Lancastria by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France
  • Jun 18 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs and chickens
  • Jun 18 Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons

Historic Event

Jun 19 German 7th Armoured division under command of Rommel occupies Cherbourg

Historic Event

Jun 19 Hermann Goering orders seizure of Dutch horses, car, buses and ships

  • Jun 21 German occupiers disband Dutch States-General/Council of State
  • Jun 21 The first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Jun 22 France surrenders to Nazi Germany, with the northern half of the country occupied and the south established as the Nazi client state Vichy France
  • Jun 22 SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
  • Jun 22 About 10,000 Afrikaner women march to the union buildings in protest of South Africa's involvement in WWII
  • Jun 22 1st Dairy Queen restaurant opened, in Joliet, Illinois
  • Jun 23 Marcel Louette seeks opposition group "White Brigade" on Antwerp
  • Jun 23 RAF bombs Schiphol, Netherlands

Historic Event

Jun 23 After conquering France, Adolf Hitler visits Paris and views the Eiffel Tower and the grave of Napoleon Bonaparte

  • Jun 24 France signs an armistice with Italy during WW II
  • Jun 26 End of USSR experimental calendar; Gregorian readopted 6/27
  • Jun 27 Soviet Army attacks Romania

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jun 27 USSR returns to the Gregorian calendar, using Sunday as a rest day, after 6 years using a Russian six-day calendar

  • Jun 28 "Quiz Kids?" premieres on radio
  • Jun 28 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
  • Jun 29 Anjer (Carnation) Day-anniversary of Prince Bernhard
  • Jun 29 US passes Alien Registration Act requiring Aliens to register
  • Jun 30 US Fish and Wildlife Service forms
  • Jun 30 German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 1 Kip Thorne, American Physicist (Nobel Prize 2017, LIGO), born in Logan, Utah
  • Jun 2 Constantine II, deposed King of Greece (1964-73)
  • Jun 4 Gerrit Terpstra, Dutch economist and 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Buitenpost, Netherlands
  • Jun 4 Ludwig Schwarz, Austrian Roman Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Linz, born in Most pri Bratislave, Slovakia
  • Jun 11 Michael Wilkes, British commander (UK Field Army), born in Steep, Hampshire (d. 2013)
  • Jun 14 William P. Baker, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Oakland, California
  • Jun 16 Hans Dorrestijn, Dutch cabaret performer
  • Jun 16 Neil Goldschmidt, American politician (Governor of Oregon 1987-91), born in Eugene, Oregon
  • Jun 17 Tony Marlow, British Conservative Party politician, born in Greenwich, London

George Akerlof

Jun 17 George Akerlof, American economist (The Market for Lemons) and 2001 Nobel laureate, born in New Haven, Connecticut

  • Jun 18 Bob Duncan, prison warden (Gartree Prison in UK)
  • Jun 20 Eugen Drewermann, German theologian
  • Jun 21 Michael Ruse, British-Canadian philosopher of science (the relationship between science and religion, the creation–evolution controversy), born in Birmingham, England
  • Jun 23 Derry Irvine [Alexander Andrew Mackay Irvine], Scottish politician (Labour Party) and Lord Chanceller of UK (1997-2003), born in Inverness, Scotland
  • Jun 25 A. J. Quinnell [Philip Nicholson], English writer (Man on Fire), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 2005)

Muhammad Yunus

Jun 28 Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker (Grameen - microlending), economist (Nobel Peace Prize 2006), born in Chittagong, British India

  • Jun 28 Roderick Wright, Scottish Bishop of Argyll and the Isles (1990-96), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2005)
  • Jun 29 Louise Groenman, Dutch director and politician (D66), born in Meppel, Netherlands

Weddings in History

Richard Nixon

Jun 21 37th US President Richard Nixon (27) weds Pat Ryan (28) at the Mission Inn in Riverside, California

Deaths in History

  • Jun 2 Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter and cartoonist, dies at 66
  • Jun 16 DuBose Heyward, American writer (Porgy, Star Spangled Virgin), dies at 54
  • Jun 17 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), dies at 74
  • Jun 21 Édouard Vuillard, French painter and graphic artist, dies at 71
  • Jun 21 Hendrik Marsman, Dutch poet, writer and critic, drowns at 40
  • Jun 21 Walter Hasenclever, German Expressionist writer, dies at 49
  • Jun 21 Smedley Butler, American Marine general, dies at 58
  • Jun 22 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who developed the Köppen climate classification system for the regions of the world, dies at 93
  • Jun 22 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer commits suicide at 49
  • Jun 28 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot and governor of Libya, dies at 44
  • Jun 29 Paul Klee, Swiss-German painter and educator at the Bauhaus, dies at 60