On This Day

November 1940 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 1st US air raid shelter, Fleetwood, Pa
  • Nov 1 Dutch "Curfew" forms (12 AM - 4 AM)
  • Nov 4 Eggs & cake rationed in Netherlands
  • Nov 5 Dutch submarine departs Dundee

Election of Interest

Nov 5 Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for an unprecedented third term, defeating Republican candidate Wendell Willkie

Historic Event

Nov 8 RAF bombs Munich, Adolf Hitler promises "an attack on the capital of the Nazi movement would not go unpunished"

  • Nov 11 Thousands of Paris students lay a wreath at the Grave of the Unknown Soldier
  • Nov 11 Blizzard strikes midwestern US killing over 100
  • Nov 11 British Fleet Air Arm attack destroys half of Italian fleet at Taranto
  • Nov 11 Willys unveiled its General Purpose vehicle ("Jeep")
  • Nov 12 Blizzard strikes North American midwest, 154 die (69 on boat on Great Lakes)
  • Nov 14 During WW II, German planes destroy most of Coventry, England
  • Nov 15 1st 75,000 men called to armed forces duty during peacetime
  • Nov 15 NY Midtown tunnel linking Manhattan and Queens opens to traffic
  • Nov 16 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • Nov 18 George Matesky, New York City's Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
  • Nov 19 Belgian King Leopold III visits Adolf Hitler
  • Nov 19 First major German air raid on Birmingham - about 440 bombers kill 450
  • Nov 20 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers
  • Nov 21 Nazi occupiers forbid building schools in Netherlands
  • Nov 22 500 students in Delft demonstrate against Nazis
  • Nov 23 1st edition of illegal "The Truth" publishes
  • Nov 23 Romania signs Tripartite Pact

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

Nov 24 The Blitz: Luftwaffe bombs Bristol city centre, killing 200 people in the first German raid on the city

  • Nov 25 Nazi Intelligence agency Sicherheitsdienst (SD) arrests Dutch resistance fighter Bernard Ijzerdraat, founder of De Geuzen
  • Nov 25 SS Patria carrying illegal immigrants sinks in port of Haifa, 200 die
  • Nov 25 Woody Woodpecker debuts with release of Walter Lantz's "Knock Knock"
  • Nov 25 First flights of the de Havilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.
  • Nov 26 Leidse students strike
  • Nov 26 Nazi Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw
  • Nov 28 Dutch law professor Rudolph Cleveringa arrested by Nazis

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 1 Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, 35th Chief Justice of India, born in Guna, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Nov 6 Ruth Messinger, Manhattan Borough President and President of the American Jewish World Service, born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 6 Dieter F. Uchtdorf, German aviator and religious leader (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), born in Moravská Ostrava
  • Nov 7 Guido Provoost, Belgian historian, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1981)
  • Nov 12 Ria Hoogeweegen, Dutch wife of Dutch premier Ruud Lubbers, born in Rotterdam
  • Nov 12 Michel Audet, Quebec economist and politician, born in Jonquière, Quebec
  • Nov 12 Jürgen Todenhöfer, German politician and journalist, born in Offenburg, Germany
  • Nov 15 Roberto Cavalli, Italian luxury fashion designer and inventor, born in Florence, Italy
  • Nov 18 Qaboos bin Said al Said, Omani politician and Sultan of Oman (1970-present), born in Salalah, Oman
  • Nov 20 Helma Sanders-Brahms, German director and writer (Apple Trees; Germany, Pale Mother), born in Emden, Lower Saxony, Germany (d. 2014)
  • Nov 21 Richard Marcinko, American author
  • Nov 24 Don Metz, American architect
  • Nov 24 Eric Wilson, Canadian children's author.
  • Nov 25 Reinhard Furrer, German physicist and astronaut (STS 22), born in Worgl, Germany
  • Nov 30 Glenn English, (Rep-D-OK, 1975- )

Weddings in History

Robert Oppenheimer

Nov 1 Theoretical physicist Robert Oppenheimer (36) weds biologist Katherine Harrison Puening

Ernest Hemingway

Nov 5 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway marries journalist Martha Gellhorn


Divorces in History

Ernest Hemingway

Nov 4 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway divorces 2nd wife Pauline Pfeiffer

Deaths in History

Manuel Azaña

Nov 4 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), dies of a heart attack at 60 while in exile in France

  • Nov 9 Stephen Alencastre, Portuguese Roman Catholic prelate, dies at 64
  • Nov 17 Eric Gill, British sculptor (b. 1882)
  • Nov 17 Raymond Pearl, American biologist (b. 1879)
  • Nov 19 Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist, dies at 75
  • Nov 22 Wacław Rawicz [Berent], Polish biologist and writer, dies at 67
  • Nov 24 James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish unionist politician and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1921-1940), dies of natural causes at 69
  • Nov 26 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), dies at 72
  • Nov 28 Nicolae Iorga, Romanian writer, literature historian and Prime Minister of Romania, murdered by fascist at 69