On This Day

1940 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 300 of 407

  • Jul 3 ARP-leader/ex-premier Colijn argues cooperation with Germany
  • Jul 3 British Royal Navy damages the French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany seizing it
  • Jul 3 German occupiers forbid using Dutch royal names
  • Jul 4 British destroys French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 die
  • Jul 5 Diplomatic relations broken between Britain and Vichy government in France
  • Jul 9 German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms
  • Jul 10 Battle of Britain begins as Nazi forces attack shipping convoys in the English Channel
  • Jul 11 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Marshall Philippe Pétain, French hero of World War I, becomes head of the Vichy collaborationist government of France

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Jul 12 Frederick McKinley Jones receives a patent for an air conditioning unit for trucks, helping to change long-haul carriage of food and blood
  • Jul 14 Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
  • Jul 14 Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
  • Jul 15 Nazi occupiers seize library of IISG Amsterdam
  • Jul 15 Physicist Donald Kerst becomes the first person to accelerate electrons using electromagnetic induction, reaching energies of 2.3 MeV, when his betatron device (for particle acceleration) becomes operational in Urbana, Illinois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 Adolf Hitler orders preparations for the invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jul 16 NSB'er Woudenberg appointed as NVV-trustee

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 18 Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 19 Adolf Hitler orders Great Britain to surrender
  • Jul 19 Nazi occupiers imprison 231 prominent Dutch citizens in Buchenwald
  • Jul 20 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
  • Jul 20 Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist
  • Jul 21 Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
  • Jul 21 VARA-management accepts Rost of Tonningens demands
  • Jul 22 Dutch Prime minister Dirk Jan De Geer meets Adolf Hitler seeking peace talks
  • Jul 24 1st illegal "Newsletter of Pieter It Hen" publishes in Netherlands
  • Jul 24 Linthorst Homan, de Quay and Einthoven form Dutch Union
  • Jul 28 Radio Orange begins broadcasting from London
  • Jul 31 Riechskommissar Seyss-Inquart bans homosexuals

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 Clermont-Ferrand sentences General Charles de Gaulle to death

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Aug 2 KL-House of saxon & commandos focus on Gross Rosen, Silesia
  • Aug 3 Italian troops invade British Somalia
  • Aug 3 Lithuanian SSR is accepted into USSR
  • Aug 3 Seaplane Clare makes 1st British passenger flight to the US
  • Aug 5 "Acquaintance" blows-up Zandvoortse synagogue
  • Aug 6 Estonia is annexed into Soviet empire
  • Aug 7 Churchill recognizes De Gaulle's French government in exile

  • Aug 7 Largest amount paid for a stamp ($45,000 for 1 1856 British Guiana)
  • Aug 7 Alsace Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich (Germany) during World War II
  • Aug 8 31 German aircraft shot down over England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 The "Aufbau Ost" directive is signed by Wilhelm Keitel.

German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel
  • Aug 10 Prince Bernhard Fund forms
  • Aug 11 38 German aircraft shot down over England
  • Aug 11 German air raid on British ports Portland and Weymouth
  • Aug 12 Luftwaffe bombs British radar stations, loses 31 aircraft
  • Aug 12 Netherlands starts rationing textiles

BattleBattle of Interest

Aug 13 Battle of Britain: Hermann Goering's "Adlertag" (Eagle Day) offensive happens, intending to destroy the Royal Air Force; 47-48 German aircraft shot down, the RAF loses 25 planes

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Aug 14 Dutch Premier De Geer vacations in Switzerland
  • Aug 15 1st edition of Jewish Weekly newspaper in Amsterdam (under Nazis)
  • Aug 15 Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged
  • Aug 16 45 German aircraft shot down over England
  • Aug 17 FDR & Canadian PM William M King agree to joint defense commission
  • Aug 17 Adolf Hitler orders a total blockade of Great Britain
  • Aug 18 Battle of Britain: The air battle known as "The Hardest Day" occurs; Luftwaffe lose approximately 69 aircraft and the RAF lose 68 in one of the largest ever air battles
  • Aug 20 1st Polish squadrons fight along allies in the Battle of Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 20 British PM Churchill says of Royal Air Force, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few"

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

MurderMurder of Interest

Aug 20 Louis Buchalter is indicted on murder charges in Los Angeles for the killing of Harry Greenberg, a mob associate of casino owner Meyer Lansky and mobster Bugsy Siegel

  • Aug 23 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 23 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands dismisses premier De Geer

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Aug 24 Luftwaffe bombs London
  • Aug 25 First British night bombing of Germany (Berlin)
  • Aug 25 Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia incorporated into Soviet Union
  • Aug 26 Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor.
  • Aug 27 Caproni-Campini CC-2, experimental jet plane, maiden flight (Milan)
  • Aug 28 French colonies Cameroon/Congo-Brazzaville support Gen De Gaulle
  • Aug 31 1st edition of illegal opposition newspaper Free Netherlands
  • Aug 31 RAF Fighter Command loses 39 aircraft against Luftwaffe's 41
  • Aug 31 German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing
  • Aug 31 US National Guard assembles
  • Sep 2 Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
  • Sep 3 39.4 cm rainfall at Sapulpa, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Sep 3 Adolf Hitler orders an invasion of Great Britain for Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)
  • Sep 3 Dutch government in exile of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • Sep 3 Sicherheits police bans Free masons, Rotary & Red Cross
  • Sep 3 US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
  • Sep 4 Gerbrandy becomes premier of Dutch government in exile
  • Sep 4 Nazi collaborator Mussert puts the fate of Netherlands in Hitler's hands
  • Sep 6 Crown prince Michael succeeds Carol II as king of Romania
  • Sep 6 Generalissimo Gamelin arrested in France

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War''Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

Sep 7 Beginning of the Blitz: the German Luftwaffe bomb London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights as the Nazis prepare to invade Britain

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Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
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  • Sep 7 Luftwaffe loses 41 bombers above England
  • Sep 7 Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
  • Sep 9 28 German aircraft shot down above England
  • Sep 10 Buckingham Palace hit by German bomb
  • Sep 11 -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • Sep 11 54th US Postmaster General: Frank C Walker of Pa takes office
  • Sep 11 Anton Mussert establishes Dutch SS
  • Sep 11 Hitler begins operation Seelöwe (Sealion - aborted invasion England)
  • Sep 11 George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
  • Sep 12 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
  • Sep 12 Italian troops enter Egypt

Dog Unearths Cave of AntiquityDog Unearths Cave of Antiquity

Sep 12 Four teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux, France discover 17,000 year old drawings now known as the Lascaux Cave Paintings

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Marcel Ravidat, second from left in beret, with his friends at the cave entrance in 1940
Marcel Ravidat, second from left in beret, with his friends at the cave entrance in 1940
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  • Sep 13 Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • Sep 13 Italian troops under Marshal Graziani attack Egypt
  • Sep 14 US Congress passes 1st peace-time conscription bill (draft law)
  • Sep 14 German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die
  • Sep 15 UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits Royal Air Force 11th Fighter Group on what would be the fiercest day of the Battle of Britain
  • Sep 15 Battle of Britain Day: climax of the Battle of Britain, tide begins to turn as the Royal Air Force repulses a major Luftwaffe attack, losing 29 aircraft to the Germans' 57-61
  • Sep 16 FDR signs Selective Training & Service Act (1st peacetime draft)
  • Sep 16 Luftwaffe attacks central London
  • Sep 16 Samuel T Rayburn of Texas elected speaker of US House of Representatives

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 201 - 248 of 248

  • Oct 4 Alberto Vilar, Cuban-American investor and philanthropist
  • Oct 6 Boris Dmitriyevich Andreyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • Oct 6 Wyche Fowler Jr, (Rep-D-GA, 1977-87)
  • Oct 7 Bruce F. Vento, American politician (Rep-D-Minnesota, 1977- ), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2000)
  • Oct 7 Richard H. Stallings, American politician (Rep-D-ID, 1985- ), born in Ogden, Utah
  • Oct 9 Gordon J. Humphrey, US Senator (R) New Hampshire (1979-90), born in Bristol, Connecticut
  • Oct 15 Peter C. Doherty, Australian immunologist and veterinary surgeon (Nobel 1996), born in Brisbane, Australia
  • Oct 17 Peter Stringfellow, British nightclub owner (Stringfellows), born in Sheffield, England (d. 2018)
  • Oct 20 Robert Pinsky, American poet and Poet Laureate of the United States
  • Oct 21 Don Ritter, (Rep-R-PA, 1979- )
  • Oct 21 Frances FitzGerald, American journalist/author (Fire in the Lake), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 24 David Sainsbury, English billionaire and founder (Dutch Soc-Dem)
  • Oct 26 Mario Orozco, 1st victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives)
  • Oct 26 Gennadi Strekalov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-8, T-11, TM-21), born in Mytishchi, Soviet Union (d. 2004)
  • Oct 27 Maxine Hong Kingston, American author (The Woman Warrior), born in Stockton, California

Person of interestJohn Gotti

Oct 27 John Gotti, mafia head of the Gambino family, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2002)

Gangster John Gotti
Gangster
John Gotti
  • Oct 29 Connie Mack III, American politician (U.S. Senator from Florida), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 29 Galen Weston, English-Canadian multi-millionaire industrialist, born in Marlow, England
  • Oct 29 José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Catholic bishop, born in León, Guanajuato, Mexico
  • Nov 1 Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, 35th Chief Justice of India, born in Guna, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Nov 6 Ruth Messinger, Manhattan Borough President and President of the American Jewish World Service, born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 6 Dieter F. Uchtdorf, German aviator and religious leader (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), born in Moravská Ostrava
  • Nov 7 Guido Provoost, Belgian historian, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1981)
  • Nov 12 Ria Hoogeweegen, wife of Dutch premier Ruud Lubbers
  • Nov 12 Michel Audet, Quebec economist and politician
  • Nov 12 Jürgen Todenhöfer, German politician
  • Nov 15 Roberto Cavalli, Italian luxury fashion designer and inventor, born in Florence, Italy
  • Nov 18 Qaboos bin Said al Said, Omani politician and Sultan of Oman (1970-present), born in Salalah, Oman
  • Nov 20 Helma Sanders-Brahms, German director and writer (Apple Trees; Germany, Pale Mother), born in Emden, Lower Saxony, Germany (d. 2014)
  • Nov 21 Richard Marcinko, American author
  • Nov 24 Don Metz, American architect
  • Nov 24 Eric Wilson, Canadian children's author.
  • Nov 25 Reinhard Furrer, German physicist and astronaut (STS 22), born in Worgl, Germany
  • Nov 30 Glenn English, (Rep-D-OK, 1975- )
  • Dec 3 Jeffrey R. Holland, American religious leader
  • Dec 4 Gary Gilmore, American murderer, born in McCamey, Texas (d. 1977)
  • Dec 5 Peter Pohl, Swedish writer, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Dec 6 Lawrence Bergman, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Dec 10 William Fred Dempster, crew member (Biosphere 2), born in Berkeley, California
  • Dec 12 Sharad Pawar, Indian politician (founded Nationalist Congress Party in 1999), born in Baramati, Bombay Presidency, British India
  • Dec 17 Kåre Valebrokk, Norwegian journalist
  • Dec 18 Bramwell Morrison, member of Sharon, Lois & Bram
  • Dec 23 Robert Labine, French-Canadian politician, born in Québec, Canada

Person of interestAnthony Fauci

Dec 24 Anthony Fauci, American Immunologist (White House COVID-19 taskforce), born in Brooklyn, New York City

Immunologist and Infectious Disease Expert Anthony Fauci
Immunologist and Infectious Disease Expert
Anthony Fauci
  • Dec 25 Frans Moor, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • Dec 26 Edward C. Prescott, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • Dec 29 Brigitte Kronauer, German author (The Scheik of Aachen), born in Essen, Germany
  • Dec 31 Oleg Anatolyevich Yakovlev, Russian cosmonaut, born in Leningrad

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History