On This Day

April 1941 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 1 US Navy takes over Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • Apr 1 Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés
  • Apr 1 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
  • Apr 1 The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
  • Apr 2 German occupier disallows Dutch scouting association

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 3 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • Apr 3 Walton's overture "Scapino" premieres in Chicago
  • Apr 4 German troops conquer Benghazi, Libya
  • Apr 5 San Francisco Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
  • Apr 6 Beginning of operation Bestrafung - German bombers attack Belgrade (17,000 die)
  • Apr 6 British major general Michael Gambier-Parry captured in North Africa
  • Apr 6 German bombardment of Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)
  • Apr 6 Italian forces holding Addis Ababa surrender to British & Ethiopian forces
  • Apr 7 British generals O'Connor & Neame captured in North Africa

  • Apr 10 German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10 Independent State of Croatia led by Ante Pavelić established as fascist German puppet state

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • Apr 11 Germany blitzes Coventry, England
  • Apr 11 Jewish Weekly newspaper taken control by Nazis
  • Apr 11 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands confiscate Jewish assets

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Vichy-France's head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 13 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • Apr 13 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • Apr 14 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • Apr 14 King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
  • Apr 15 1st helicopter flight of 1 hr duration, Stratford, Ct
  • Apr 16 Little Theater at Adelphi Strand closes
  • Apr 17 British troop land in Iraq
  • Apr 17 US Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)
  • Apr 17 World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.
  • Apr 19 Bertolt Brecht's play "Mother Courage and her Childeren" premieres in Zurich
  • Apr 19 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • Apr 19 Milk rationed in Holland
  • Apr 20 100 German bombers attack Athens
  • Apr 21 Greece surrenders to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 23 Greece Army surrenders to German Nazis RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt
  • Apr 24 British army begins evacuation of Greece
  • Apr 24 Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot
  • Apr 25 Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta
  • Apr 26 Potatoes rationed in Holland
  • Apr 27 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
  • Apr 28 Last British troops in Greece surrender

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 5 Dave Swarbrick, British folk fiddler (Fairport Convention), born in New Malden, Surrey (d. 2016)
  • Apr 6 Hans W Geissendorfer, Augsburg Germany, director (Sternsteinhof)
  • Apr 8 Dame Vivienne Westwood, Tintwistle England, English fashion designer
  • Apr 10 Paul Theroux, American travel book writer and novelist (Mosquito Coast), born in Medford, Massachusetts
  • Apr 11 Frederick "Rick" Hauck, American astronaut (STS-7, STS 51-A, STS-26), born in Long Beach, California
  • Apr 11 Ellen Goodman, American political columnist (Pulitzer 1980), born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • Apr 13 Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1985), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 14 Anatoli Pavlocich Fyodorov, cosmonaut
  • Apr 15 Roman Balayan, Ukrainian-Armenian director (Filer, Biryuk), born in Nerkin Horatagh, Nagorno-Karabakh AO, Azerbaijan
  • Apr 15 Howard Berman, American attorney and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 16 Cliff Stearns, American businessman and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 17 Max Stafford-Clark, English artistic director (Royal Court Theatre), born in Cambridge, England
  • Apr 18 Michael D. Higgins, Irish politician (9th President of Ireland 2011-), born in Limerick, Ireland
  • Apr 19 Michel Roux, French chef and restaurateur (opened Le Gavroche, 1st three Michelin starred restaurant in Britain), born in Charolles, Saône-et-Loire, Vichy France
  • Apr 20 Joni Evans, American publisher (Simon & Schuster, Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 21 David Lyle Boren, American politician, Governor and Senator from Oklahoma, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 23 Hal Daub, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska, born in Fort Bragg, North Carolina
  • Apr 23 Paavo Lipponen, Prime Minister of Finland (1995-2003), born in Turtola, Finland
  • Apr 23 Ray Tomlinson, American computer programmer (invented email and the @ sign), born in Amsterdam , New York (d. 2016)
  • Apr 25 Lawrence J. Smith, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Florida (1983-93), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 25 Princess Muna al-Hussein, mother of King Abdullah II of Jordan, born in Chelmondiston, Suffolk, England
  • Apr 27 Jennings Michael Burch, American writer (They Cage the Animals at Night), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2013)
  • Apr 28 K. Barry Sharpless, American chemist (Nobel 2001-developing the first chiral catalysts), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Apr 28 Iryna Zhylenko, Ukrainian poet (An Evening Party in an Old Winery), born in Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Apr 29 Jonah Barrington, British World champion squash player (1966-73)
  • Apr 30 Joseph "Coke" Escovedo, Mexican-American percussionist (Santana, Malo, Azteca), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1986)

Weddings in History

  • Apr 19 Youngest Mitford sister Deborah Mitford marries Andrew Cavendish, son of the Duke of Devonshire in London

Deaths in History

  • Apr 1 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian and hagiographer, dies at 81
  • Apr 2 Pál Teleki, prime minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-1 and 1939-41), dies at 61
  • Apr 3 Pal Teleki-von Szek, PM Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), suicide at 61
  • Apr 4 Max Frisch, writer, dies at 29
  • Apr 5 Sir Nigel Gresley, Steam locomotive engineer (b. 1876)

Person of interestAnnie Jump Cannon

Apr 13 Annie Jump Cannon, US astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon
  • Apr 14 Jack Edmonson, Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross), dies
  • Apr 14 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, dies at 69
  • Apr 16 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, dies at 60
  • Apr 18 Alexandros Koryzis, Prime Minister of Greece in 1941, commits suicide at about 65 as German troops closed in on Athens
  • Apr 20 Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer, dies in Buchenwald at 49
  • Apr 24 Karin Boye, Swedish writer (Kallocain) commits suicide at 40
  • Apr 26 Jean Demoor, Belgian physician and physiologist, dies at 74
  • Apr 27 Penelope Delta, Greek author (b. 1874)
  • Apr 30 Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer and producer (Jack and the Beanstalk), dies at 71